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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+90FD

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Alternate form
𨛷
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 12 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.86#18 Kangxi: p.1274#09 GSR: 45.e' Hanyu: v6,p3776#07
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𨗊 𡼞 𢵋 𡳢 𡳣 𡳤 𣛭 𦡄 𦺥 𪴄 𬠩 𥳉 𨟞 𧬥 𧷿 𧹼 𨅮 𩼁
Mandarin: dōu ㄉㄨ ㄉㄡ
Cantonese:dou1
Tang reconstruction:*do
Shuowen:邑部》都:有先君之旧宗庙曰都。从邑者声。周礼:距国五百里为都。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》都:都犹揔也,尚书大传十邑爲都帝王丗纪曰天子所宫曰都又姓有临晋侯都稽何氏姓苑云今吴兴人。当孤切,七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·邑部·》都:〔古文〕𨛷《唐韵》当孤切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》东徒切,𠀤音闍。《广韵》天子所宫曰都。《周礼·地官·小司徒》四县爲都。又诸侯子弟封邑亦曰都。《左传·隐元年》大都不过参国之一。《庄二十八年》凡邑,有宗庙先君之主曰都。又卿大夫食采之邑亦曰都。《礼·坊记》制国不过千乗,都城不过百雉。又《正韵》美也,盛也。《·郑风》洵美且都。《前汉·司马相如传》车从雍雍,闲雅甚都。又叹美之辞。《书·臯陶谟》臯陶曰都。又《正韵》居也。《东方朔·客难》身都卿相之位。又《广韵》总也。《曹丕·与吴质书》顷撰遗文,都爲一集。《韩愈·答崔立之书》若都不可得。又《字汇补》水所聚也。《释名》泽中有丘曰都丘,言虫鸟所都聚也。又姓。《集韵》汉临亚侯都稽。又《集韵》张如切,音猪。与猪通。《·禹贡》大野旣猪。《又》被孟猪。《史记·夏本纪》旣猪作旣都,孟猪作明都。
考证:〔《左传·隐元年》大都不过参国之一。《注》凡邑有先君之庙曰都,无曰邑。〕谨按所引注是庄二十八年左传,非隐元年注,今照左传原文改庄二十八年凡邑,有宗庙先君之主曰都。
Fanqie:当孤 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:metropolis, capital; all, the whole; elegant, refined

Example usage

孟子·尽心上》:子曰:“滕更之在门也,若在所礼。”
The disciple Gong Du said, 'When Geng of Tang made his appearance in your school, it seemed proper that a polite consideration should be paid to him.'
墨子·尚同中》:是以先王之书,《相年》之道曰:“夫建国设,乃作后王君公,否用泰也,轻大夫师长,否用佚也,维辩使治天均。”
Thus "Xiang Nian", among the books of the ancient kings, says: "Now the empire is established and the capital is located: (Heaven) installed the emperor, kings, and lords not in order to make them proud, and (Heaven) appointed the ministers and the officials not in order to make them idle - it was to apportion duties among them and charge them with the maintenance of the Heavenly justice."
庄子·在宥》:尧于是放欢兜于崇山,投三苗于三峗,流共工于幽,此不胜天下也夫!
On this Yao sent away Huan Dou to Chong hill, and (the Chiefs of) the Three Miao to San-wei, and banished the Minister of Works to the Dark Capital; so unequal had they been to cope with the world.
商君书·算地》:故为国任地者,山陵居什一,薮泽居什一,溪谷流水居什一,邑蹊道居什四。
In administering a state therefore, and in disposing of its territory, to populate the mountains and forests with a tenth of the people, the marshes and moors with a tenth, the valleys, dales and streams with a tenth, cities, towns and highways with four tenths
史记·五帝本纪》:居北方,曰幽
To reside in the northern region in what was called the sombre capital.
礼记·缁衣》:》云:‘昔吾有先正,其言明且清,国家以宁,邑以成,庶民以生。’
荀子·强国》:邑官府,其百吏肃然,莫不恭俭、敦敬、忠信而不楛,古之吏也。
说苑·辨物》:及即位,日月薄蚀,山林沦亡,辰星出于四孟,太白经天而行,无云而雷,枉矢夜光,荧惑袭月,孽火烧宫,野禽戏庭,门内崩。
春秋繁露·止雨》:丙午,江相仲舒告内史中尉:阴雨太久,恐伤五谷,趣止雨。
韩诗外传·卷四》:因为赋曰:“旋玉瑶珠不知佩,杂布与锦不知异,闾娵子莫之媒,嫫母力父是之喜。”
大戴礼记·主言》:五十里而封,百里而有邑。
新书·修政语上》:是故尧教化及雕题蜀越,抚交趾,身涉流沙,地封独山,西见王母,训及大夏渠叟,北中幽,及狗国与人身而鸟面,及焦侥。
新序·善谋下》:高皇帝疑,问左右大臣,皆山东人,多劝上雒阳,东有成皋,西有肴渑,倍河海,向伊洛,其固亦足恃,且周数百年,秦二世而亡,不如周。
中论·贵验》:小人耻其面之不及子也,君子耻其行之不如尧、舜也。
孔子家语·相鲁》:孔子初仕,为中宰。
潜夫论·赞学》:倪宽卖力于巷,匡衡自鬻于保徒者,身贫也。
论衡·命义》:历阳之,长平之坑,其中必有命善禄盛之人,一宿同填而死,遭逢之祸大,命善禄盛不能郤也。
太玄经·太玄经错》:《礼》也而《居》也室。
风俗通义·叶令祠》:明帝迎取其鼓,置亭下,略无音声,但云“叶”。
孔丛子·广言》:,盛也。
申鉴·时事》:若是王未见之,无闻焉尔,官修其方,而先王之礼,保章视祲,安宅叙降,必书云物,为备故也。
新语·无为》:夫王者之,南面之君,臣姓之所取法,举措动作,不可失法则也。
独断·卷上》:唯当时所在,或曰朝廷,亦依违尊者所,连举朝廷以言之也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:巡狩校猎还,公卿以下陈洛阳亭前街上,乘舆到,公卿下拜,天子下车。
列子·黄帝》:无所爱惜,无所畏忌。
鶡冠子·王鈇》:鶡冠子曰:“其制邑理使矔习者,五家为伍,伍为之长,十伍为里,里置有司,四里为扁,扁为之长,十扁为乡,乡置师,五乡为县,县有啬夫治焉,十县为郡,有大夫守焉,命曰官属。”
列仙传·马丹》:至赵宣子时,乘安车入晋,候诸大夫。
韩非子·存韩》:城固守,则秦必兴兵而围王一,道不通,则难必谋,其势不救,左右计之者不用,愿陛下熟图之。
管子·轻重乙》:桓公曰:“寡人欲毋杀一士,毋顿一戟而辟方二,为之有道乎?”
六韬·六守》:臣无富于君,无大于国。
司马法·用众》:凡近敌必有进路,退,必有返虑。
三略·下略》:所谓乐者,非金,石,丝,竹也,谓人乐其家,谓人乐其俗,谓人乐其业,谓人乐其邑,谓人乐其政令,谓人乐其道德。
淮南子·齐俗训》:今之国,男女切踦,肩摩于道,其于俗,一也。
吕氏春秋·无义》:公孙竭与阴君之事,而反告之樗里相国,以仕秦五大夫,功非不大也,然而不得入三,又况乎无此其功而有行乎?
尹文子·大道上》:五城之,仅可一观。
春秋左传》:祭仲曰:“城过百雉,国之害也,先王之制:大不过参国之一。”
逸周书·周书序》:周公既诛三监,乃述武王之志,建伊雒,作作雒。
国语·吴语》:天夺吾食,鄙荐饥。
晏子春秋》:之市,屦贱而踊贵。
吴越春秋》:雪我王宿耻兮,威振八
越绝书》:东欧王为彭泽王,夷乌将军今为平王。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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