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Chinese Text Project

U+963B

Seal script

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.258#38 p.363#10 Kangxi: p.1347#20 Cihai: p.1415r4c06 GSR: 46.y Hanyu: v6,p4121#01
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𦯓 𪩁 𫽖 𪠭 𬨱 𨂀
Mandarin: zhù ㄗㄨˇ ㄓㄨˋ
Cantonese:zo2
Tang reconstruction:*jriǔ
Shuowen:𨸏部》阻:險也。从𨸏且聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》阻:隔也,憂也。側吕切,二。
廣韻·去聲··》阻:馬阻蹄。又莊所切。
Kangxi:康熙字典·阜部·》阻:《唐韻》側呂切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》壯所切,𠀤音俎。《說文》險也。《廣韻》隔也。《易·繫辭》德行恆𥳑以知阻。《·秦風》遡洄從之,道阻且長。又《商頌》罙入其阻。《周禮·夏官·司險》周知其山林川澤之阻。《釋名》山巇曰險,水隔曰阻。若泛言則山水通用。《集韻》同岨。又《釋名》水出其後曰阻丘,此以水爲險也。又《爾雅·釋詁》阻,艱,難也。《·舜典》黎民阻饑。又止也。《讀書通》通作沮。《·小雅》亂庶遄沮。《禮·儒行》沮之以兵。《正字通》𠀤與阻同。又《左傳·隱四年》州吁阻兵而安忍。《註》阻,恃也。《史記·秦本紀》阻法度之威,以督責於下。又《玉篇》疑也。又《廣韻》憂也。又與淹通。《史記·魯世家》勤勞阻疾。《註》徐廣曰:阻作淹。又《廣韻》《集韻》𠀤莊助切,音詛。《廣韻》馬阻蹄。《集韻》行不正也。本作跙。亦作𨆄。
Fanqie:側吕 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 莊助 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 莊所 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:impede, hinder, obstruct; oppose

Example usage

孟子·滕文公下》:既遠,鳥獸之害人者消,然後人得平土而居之。
And the dangers and obstructions which they had occasioned were removed. The birds and beasts which had injured the people also disappeared, and after this men found the plains available for them, and occupied them.
揚子法言》:曰:「東溝大河,南高山,西采雍、梁,北鹵涇垠,便則申,否則蟠,保也。」
Yangzi said: To the east, the Yellow River served as a moat; to the south, it was obstructed by high mountains; to the west they took Yong and Liang, and to the north, it was bordered by the Jing River. When it was advantageous, Qin expanded its territory. When it was not, it just coiled up. This was the natural defensibility of the land.
論衡·率性》:堯以天下讓舜,鯀為諸侯,欲得三公而堯不聽,怒其猛獸,欲以為亂,比獸之角可以為城,舉尾以為旌,奮心盛氣,戰為彊。
Yao yielded the empire to Shun. Gun, one of his vassals, desired to become one of the three chief ministers, but Yao did not listen to this request. Thereupon Gun became more infuriated than even ferocious animals are, and wished to rebel. The horns of animals, all in a line, served him as a rampart, and their lifted tails were his banners. They opposed and tackled their foe with the utmost determination and energy.
莊子·則陽》:未生不可忌,已死不可
Birth, before it comes, cannot be prevented; death, when it has happened, cannot be traced farther.
商君書·兵守》:客至而作土以為險及柞格阱陷,發梁徹屋,給徙,徙之。
So as to make, at the approach of the invaders, earthworks as an obstruction, and traps, chevaux-de-frise and pitfalls, to pull down the supporting beams and to tear down the houses, to transport what is transportable.
孫子兵法·軍爭》:不知山林、險、沮澤之形者,不能行軍,不能鄉導者,不能得地利。
We are not fit to lead an army on the march unless we are familiar with the face of the country - its mountains and forests, its pitfalls and precipices, its marshes and swamps. We shall be unable to turn natural advantage to account unless we make use of local guides.
詩經·雄雉》:我之懷矣、自詒伊
The man of my heart! - He has brought on us this separation.
尚書·舜典》:帝曰:「棄,黎民飢,汝后稷,播時百穀。」
The Di said, 'Qi, the black-haired people are (still) suffering from famine. Do you, O prince, as Minister of Agriculture, (continue to) sow (for them) the various kinds of grain.'
周易·繫辭下》:夫乾,天下之至健也,德行恆易以知險,夫坤,天下之至順也,德行恆簡以知
(The hexagram) Qian represents the strongest of all under the sky. Through this quality its operations are always manifested with ease, for it knows where there would be peril and embarrassment. (The hexagram) Kun represents the most docile of all under the sky. Through this quality its operations are always manifested with the promptest decision, for it knows where there would be obstruction.
荀子·議兵》:然而秦師至,而鄢郢舉,若振槁然,是豈無固塞隘也哉!
說苑·辨物》:後三年則越裳氏重譯而朝,曰:「道路悠遠,山川深,恐一使之不通,故重三譯而來朝也。」
春秋繁露·立元神》:自然之罰至,裹襲石室,分障險,猶不能逃之也。
大戴禮記》:以泥之,若風將至,必先搖搖,雖有聖人,不能為謀也。
新書·過秦下》:彼見秦之難犯,必退師,案土息民,以待其弊。
新序·善謀下》:夫關中左肴函,右隴蜀,沃野千里,南有巴蜀之饒,北有故宛之利,三面,守一隅,東向制諸侯,諸侯安定,河渭漕輓。
孔子家語·儒行解》:儒有委之以貨財而不貪,淹之以樂好而不淫,劫之以眾而不懼,之以兵而不攝。
潛夫論·考績》:富者乘其材力,貴者其勢要,以錢多為賢,以剛彊為上。
太玄經·太玄文》:陽極上,陰極下,氣形乖,鬼神
新語·資質》:閉絕以關梁,及隘於山阪之,隔於九𡵻之隄,仆於嵬崔之山,頓於窅冥之溪,樹蒙籠蔓延而無間,石崔嵬嶄岩而不開,廣者無舟車之通,狹者無步檐之蹊,商賈所不至,工匠所不窺,知者所不見,見者所不知,功棄而德亡,腐朽而枯傷,轉於百仞之壑,惕然而獨僵,當斯之時,不如道傍之枯楊。
蔡中郎集·琴賦》:歷松岑而將降,睹鴻梧于幽
列子·楊朱》:及其游也,雖山川險,塗逕脩遠,无不必之,猶人之行咫步也。
文子·上禮》:老子曰:衰世之主,鑽山石,挈金玉,擿礱蜃,消銅鐵,而萬物不滋,刳胎焚郊,覆巢毀卵,鳳凰不翔,麒麟不遊,構木為臺,焚林而畋,竭澤而漁,積壤而丘處,掘地而井飲,濬川而為池,築城而為固,拘獸以為畜,則陰陽繆戾,四時失序,雷霆毀折,雹霜為害,萬物焦夭,處於太半,草木夏枯,三川絕而不流,分山川谿谷,使有壤界,計人眾寡,使有分數,設機械險以為備,制服色等異貴賤,老賢不肖行賞罰,則兵革起而忿爭生,虐殺不辜,誅罰無罪,於是興矣。
韓非子·姦劫弒臣》:託於犀車良馬之上,則可以陸犯阪之患。
管子·國蓄》:夫以百乘衢處危懾圍千乘萬乘之閒,夫國之君不相中,舉兵而相攻,必以為扞挌蔽圉之用,有功利不得鄉。
吳子·料敵》:擊此之道,陳而壓之,眾來則拒之,去則追之,以倦其師。
六韜·王翼》:地利三人:主三軍行止形勢,利害消息,遠近險易,水涸山,不失地利。
司馬法·定爵》:順天奉時,阜財因敵,懌眾勉若,利地守隘,右兵弓矢禦,殳矛守,戈戟助。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:高山險,深林叢薄,虎豹之所樂也。
呂氏春秋·長利》:昔者太公望封於營丘,之渚海山高險固之地也,是故地日廣,子孫彌隆。
鬼谷子·飛箝》:將欲用之於天下,必度權量能,見天時之盛衰,制地形之廣狹、險之難易,人民貨財之多少,諸侯之交孰親孰疏、孰愛孰憎,心意之慮懷。
史記·秦本紀》:法度之威,以責督於下,下罷極則以仁義怨望於上,上下交爭怨而相篡弒,至於滅宗,皆以此類也。
春秋左傳》:對曰,臣聞以德和民,不聞以亂,以亂,猶治絲而棼之也,夫州吁兵而安忍,兵無眾,安忍無親,眾叛親離,難以濟矣。
逸周書·武紀解》:國有幾失,居之不可,體之小也。
國語·晉語一》:且是衣也,狂夫之衣也。
吳越春秋》:吾國僻遠,顧在東南之地,險潤濕,又有江海之害。
越絕書》:夫和氏之璧,求者不爭賈,騏驥之才,不難險之路。
戰國策》:力楚攻秦,取曲沃。
鹽鐵論·險固》:秦所以超諸侯、吞天下、并敵國者,險固而勢居然也。
列女傳·棄母姜嫄》:黎民飢,汝居稷,播時百穀。
漢書·王莽傳下》:莽就車,之漸臺,欲池水,猶抱持符命、威斗,公卿大夫、侍中、黃門郎從官尚千餘人隨之。
前漢紀》:齊虜妄言吾軍。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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