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Chinese Text Project

U+963F

Seal script

Jinwen

Specialized semantic variant

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.161#31 Kangxi: p.1348#06 Cihai: p.1415r5c03 GSR: 1.m Hanyu: v6,p4119#11
Composition:Left: , right: . Compositionally related: 𨚩 . Component of: 𠥍 𫮄 娿 𬮰 𮥌 𡹣 𣶰 𮀄 𮀫 𭊎 𫕖 𨼼 [More]
Mandarin:ā à a ē ě ǎ ㄚˋ ㄚ· ㄜˇ ㄚˇ
Cantonese:aa2 aa3 aak3 o1
Tang reconstruction:
Shuowen:𨸏部》阿:大陵也。一曰曲𨸏也。从𨸏可聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》阿:曲也,近也,倚也。《爾雅》云:大陵曰阿亦姓風俗通云阿衡伊尹号其後氏焉又虜三字姓四氏後魏書云阿伏于氏後改爲阿氏阿鹿桓氏後改爲鹿氏又有阿史那氏阿史德氏。烏何切,七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·阜部·》阿:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤於何切,音娿。《爾雅·釋地》大陵曰阿。《玉篇》水岸也,邸也。《·小雅》菁菁者莪,在彼中阿。《傳》中阿,阿中也。又《大雅》有卷者阿。又《爾雅·釋地》偏高曰阿丘。《釋名》阿,荷也。如人擔荷物,一邊偏高也。《·鄘風》陟彼阿丘,言采其蝱。又《玉篇》倚也。阿衡,商官名。《·太甲》不惠于阿衡。《傳》阿,倚。衡,平。又《史記·范睢傳》不離阿保之手。又《倉公傳》故濟北王阿母。《註》服虔云:乳母也。又《前漢·王莽傳》太阿右拂,大司空甄豐,少阿羲和,京兆尹劉歆。《註》皆官名。又《儀禮·士昏禮》賔升西階,當阿東面致命。《註》阿,棟也。今文阿爲庪。《周禮·冬官考工記·匠人》四阿重屋。《註》四阿,若今四柱。又《·小雅》隰桑有阿。《箋》枝條阿阿然長美。又《玉篇》比也,曲也。《左傳·昭二十年》阿下執事。《孟子》汙不至阿其所好。又《集韻》一曰慢應。又地名。《左傳·襄十四年》敗公徒于阿澤。《註》濟北東阿縣西南有大澤。《史記·李斯傳》阿縞之衣。《註》東阿縣,繒帛所出。《前漢·地理志》涿郡阿陵縣。又宮名。《史記·秦始皇紀》先作前殿阿房。《註》括地志云:秦阿房宮,亦曰阿城,在雍州長安縣。一云阿,近也,以其去咸陽近,故號阿房。又太阿,劒名。《戰國策》龍淵太阿。又鬼名。《莊子·達生篇》東北方之下者,陪阿鮭蠪躍之。《註》陪阿,狀如小兒,長尺四,黑衣,赤幘,大冠,帶劒持戟。又《淮南子·天文訓》天阿者,羣神之闕也。又月御曰纖阿。《司馬相如·子虛賦》纖阿爲御。又陽阿,古名俳,善歌者。《古詩》渡江采菱發陽阿。又姓。《官氏志》唐阿光進,明阿賢,本出阿伏氏。又《韻會小補》與呵通。《老子·道德經》唯之與阿,相去幾何。《註》唯與阿,遲速小異。又《集韻》倚可切,娿上聲。與猗同。柔貌。《·檜風》猗儺其枝。《釋文》猗,於可反。《集韻》猗,或作阿。又《韻會小補》音屋。《古詩》家中有阿誰。《木蘭詩》阿耶無大兒。《又》阿妹聞𡛷來。《世說新語》一門則有阿大中郞。又《字彙補》阿葛切,音遏。《釋典》有阿難。
Fanqie:烏何 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:prefix for people's names; used in transliteration

CTP Dictionary


ā (1): 詞頭:加在親屬稱呼或小名的前面。 Prefix used before terms referring to relatives or nicknames.
ē (2.1): 大土山。 Large hill.
詩經·皇矣》:無矢我陵、我陵我
And [the enemy] arrayed no forces on our hills, On our hills, small or large.
ē (2.2): 山的彎曲處。 Curved part of a mountain.
詩經·考槃》:考槃在、碩人之薖。
He has reared his hut in the bend of the mound, - That large man, with such an air of indifference.
ē (2.3): 山坡,水邊。 Hillside or bank of a river.
春秋左傳》:濟澤之
ē (3.1): 宮室宗廟四角翹起來的屋簷。這種建築形式也用於墓穴中的槨上。 Eaves of the ancestral temple which rise up at the four corners (a style also used over the coffin in a grave).
春秋左傳》:槨有四,棺有翰檜。
周禮·冬官考工記》:殷人重屋,堂修七尋,堂崇三尺,四,重屋。
ē (3.2): 屋棟,屋脊。 Roof.
周禮·冬官考工記》:王宮門之制五雉,宮隅之制七雉,城隅之制九雉。
儀禮·士昬禮》:,東面致命。
ē (4): 迎合,屈從。 Submit to, cater for.
淮南子·時則訓》:命有司,修群禁,禁外徙,閉門閭,大搜客,斷罰刑,殺當罪,上亂法者誅。
呂氏春秋·十月紀》:於是察上亂法者則罪之,無有揜蔽。
國語·周語上》:大臣享其祿,弗諫而之,亦必及焉。
ē (5.1): 偏袒。 Favor, partiality.
墨子·兼愛下》:『其直若矢,其易若厎,君子之所履,小人之所視』,若吾言非語道之謂也,古者文武為正,均分賞賢罰暴,勿有親戚弟兄之所
"It is straight like an arrow and just like a balance. The superior man follows it, (even) the unprincipled looks on (without resentment)." Thus the principle that I have been expounding is not to be regarded as a mere doctrinaire notion. In the past, when Wen and Wu administered the government both of them rewarded the virtuous and punished the wicked without partiality to their relatives and brothers.
史記·三王世家》:古者誅罰不親戚,故天下治。
荀子·成相》:外不避仇,內不親,賢者予。
說苑·至公》:彼人臣之公,治官事則不營私家,在公門則不言貨利,當公法則不親戚,奉公舉賢則不避仇讎,忠於事君,仁於利下,推之以恕道,行之以不黨,伊呂是也。
呂氏春秋·高義》:有罪,廢國法,不可。
吳越春秋》:舉過列平,不親戚,不私於外,推身致君,終始一分:臣之事也。
ē (5.2): 親附,親近。 Intimate, be close with.
春秋左傳》:賓曰,寡君命下臣於朝曰:『下執事,臣不敢貳』
ē (6): 輕細的絲織物。 Delicate item woven of silk.
楚辭·招䰟》:拂壁,羅幬張些。
ē (7): 遲緩傲慢的應答聲。 Delayed and arrogant sound of acceptance.
道德經》:絕學無憂,唯之與,相去幾何?
When we renounce learning we have no troubles. The (ready) 'yes,' and (flattering) 'yea;' Small is the difference they display.
ē (8): 通「婀」:柔軟而美麗的樣子。 Soft and beautiful appearance.
詩經·隰桑》:隰桑有、其葉有難。
In the low, wet grounds, the mulberry trees are beautiful, And their leaves are luxuriant.
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