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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+9676

Seal script

Jinwen

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.148#43 p.157#22 Kangxi: p.1354#10 Cihai: p.1426r6c01 GSR: 1047.d Hanyu: v6,p4139#05
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𬞌 𭲏 𩍂
Mandarin:táo dào yáo ㄊㄠˊ ㄉㄠˋ ㄧㄠˊ
Cantonese:jiu4 tou4
Tang reconstruction:*dhɑu
Shuowen:𨸏部》陶:再成丘也,在济阴。从𨸏匋声。《夏书》曰:“东至于陶丘。”陶丘有尧城,尧尝所居,故尧号陶唐氏。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》陶:皐陶舜臣。又徒刀切。
广韵·下平声··》陶:陶甄。《尸子》云:夏桀臣昆吾作陶周书神农作瓦器又陶正官名齐职仪曰左右甄官署掌塼瓦之作也,又喜也,正也,化也,亦姓陶唐之后今出丹阳。徒刀切,二十五。
Kangxi:康熙字典·阜部·》陶:《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤徒刀切,音桃。《尔雅·释丘》再成爲陶丘。《疏》丘形上有两丘相重累。《·禹贡》东出于陶丘北。《释名》于高山上一重作之,如陶竈然也。《说文》陶丘,在济隂。《战国策》秦客卿造谓穰侯曰:秦封君以陶。《注》今定陶县。《前汉·地理志》济隂郡定陶县。《史记·越世家》范蠡止于陶。《注》徐广曰:今定陶。正义曰:括地志云:陶山在济州平隂县东三十五里,止此山之阳也。又《说文》陶丘有尧城,尧尝所居,故尧号爲陶唐氏。《·五子之歌》惟彼陶唐,有此冀方。又县名。《汉书·地理志》魏郡馆陶县,云中郡陶林县,定襄郡安陶县,雁门郡𣷪陶县。又《玉篇》陶甄。《广韵》尸子曰:夏桀臣昆吾作陶。《汲冢周书》神农作瓦器。《·大雅》陶复陶穴。又陶正,官名。《左传·襄二十五年》昔虞阏父爲周陶正。又《·五子之歌》鬰陶乎予心。《传》鬰陶,言哀思也。又《尔雅·释诂》鬰陶,繇喜也。《礼·檀弓》人喜则斯陶,陶斯咏,咏斯犹。《注》陶,鬰陶也。《疏》鬰陶者,心初悦而未畅之意也。又《扬子·方言》陶,养也。秦或曰陶。又《后汉·杜笃传》粳稻陶遂。《注》韩诗曰:陶,畅也。又《广韵》正也,化也。又《扬雄·解嘲》后陶涂。《注》北方国名,出马,因以爲名。又蒲陶,果名。《史记·大宛传》有蒲陶酒。《司马相如·上林赋》樱桃蒲陶。又姓。《左传·定四年》殷民七族:陶氏、施氏、繁氏、锜氏、樊氏、饥氏、终葵氏。《广韵》陶唐之后,今出丹阳。又《玉篇》亦作匋。《篇海》亦作陶。又《荀子·荣辱篇》陶诞突盗。《注》陶,当爲梼杌之梼。顽嚚之貌。或曰陶当爲逃,隐匿其情也。又《韵会》𩋃通作陶。《周礼·冬官考工记》韗人爲臯陶。《注》臯陶,鼓木也。陶字从革。又《韵会》裪,通作陶。《左传·襄三十年》使爲君复陶。《注》复陶,主衣服之官。又《左传·昭十二年》王皮冠秦复陶。《注》秦所遗羽衣也。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤馀昭切,音摇。《·王风》君子陶陶,左执翿,右招我由敖。《传》陶陶,和乐貌。《释文》陶,音遥。又《礼·祭义》陶陶遂遂,如将复入然。《注》陶陶遂遂,相随行之貌。《释文》陶,音遥。又《广韵》臯陶,舜臣。一作咎繇。《篇海》本作𨹋。又《集韵》大到切,音导。《·郑风》淸人在轴,驷介陶陶。左旋右抽,中军作好。《传》陶陶,驱逐之貌。《释文》陶,徒报反。好,呼报反。又《朱注》陶,叶徒𠋫反。好,叶许𠋫反。又叶夷周切,音由。《·鲁颂》淑问如臯陶,在泮献囚。《易林》兹基运时,稷契臯陶。贞良得愿,微子解囚。《杜笃·吴汉诔》尧隆稷契,舜嘉臯陶。伊尹佐殷,吕尙翼周。
考证:〔《左传·定二年》殷氏七族〕谨照原文二年改四年。殷氏改殷民。〔《荀子·不苟篇》陶诞突盗。《注》陶,当爲梼杌之梼。顽嚣之貌。〕谨按此荀子荣辱篇非不苟篇。今照原书不苟篇改荣辱篇。注顽嚣之貌照原文改顽嚚之貌。
Fanqie:馀昭 (《广韵·下平声··》) 徒刀 (《广韵·下平声··》) 徒刀 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Equivalent readings: (《四书章句集注·论语集注·颜渊第十二》)
Unihan definition:pottery, ceramics

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

论语·颜渊》:舜有天下,选于众,举皋,不仁者远矣。
Shun, being in possession of the kingdom, selected from among all the people, and employed Gao Yao, on which all who were devoid of virtue disappeared.
孟子·尽心上》:桃应问曰:“舜为天子,皋为士,瞽瞍杀人,则如之何?”
Tao Ying asked, saying, 'Shun being sovereign, and Gao Yao chief minister of justice, if Gu Sou had murdered a man, what would have been done in the case?'
礼记·檀弓下》:礼道则不然,人喜则斯斯咏,咏斯犹,犹斯舞,舞斯愠,愠斯戚,戚斯叹,叹斯辟,辟斯踊矣。
The method of the rules is not so. When a man rejoices, he looks pleased; when pleased, he thereon sings; when singing, he sways himself about; swaying himself about, he proceeds to dancing; from dancing, he gets into a state of wild excitement; that excitement goes on to distress; distress expresses itself in sighing; sighing is followed by beating the breast; and beating the breast by leaping.
扬子法言》:曰:“昔乎臯以其智为帝谟,杀身者远矣!”
Yangzi said: In the past, Gao Yao used his wisdom to remonstrate with the emperor Shun. He was far from getting himself killed.
墨子·所染》:舜染于许由1、伯阳,禹染于皋、伯益,汤染于伊尹、仲虺,武王染于太公、周公。
Thus Shun came under the influences of Xu You and Bo Yang; Yu, under that of Gao Yao and Bo Yi; Tang, under that of Yi Yin and Zhong Hui; and King Wu, under that of the Grand Duke and Duke Zhou.
庄子·逍遥游》:是其尘垢粃糠,将犹铸尧、舜者也,孰肯以物为事!
From the dust and chaff of himself, he could still mould and fashion Yaos and Shuns - how should he be willing to occupy himself with things?
商君书·画策》:故胜民之本在制民,若冶于金,于土也。
For the way in which the conquering of the people is based upon the regulating of the people is like the effect of smelting in regard to metal or the work of the potter in regard to clay.
史记·五帝本纪》:舜耕历山,渔雷泽,河滨,作什器于寿丘,就时于负夏。
Ploughed on Li mountain, fished in Thunder lake, made pots on the bank of the river, fashioned various articles at Shouqiu, and went now and then to Fuxia.
诗经·君子阳阳》:君子、左执翿、右招我由敖。
My husband looks delighted. In his left hand he holds his screen of feathers, And with his right he calls me to the stage.
荀子·成相》:得益、皋、横革、直成、为辅。
说苑·君道》:当尧之时,舜为司徒,契为司马,禹为司空,后稷为田畴,夔为乐正,倕为工师,伯夷为秩宗,皋为大理,益掌驱禽,尧体力便巧不能为一焉,尧为君而九子为臣,其何故也?
韩诗外传·卷二》:夫辟土殖谷者、后稷也,决江流河者,禹也,听狱执中者,皋也,然而圣后者,尧也。
大戴礼记·主言》:昔者舜左禹而右皋,不下席而天下治。
白虎通德论·圣人》:何以言皋圣人也?
新书·连语》:梁王曰:“朱之叟,以布衣而富侔国,是必有奇智。”
新序·杂事四》:梁王曰:“之朱公,以布衣富侔国,是必有奇智。”
孔子家语·王言解》:孔子曰:“昔者,帝舜左禹而右皋,不下席而天下治。”
潜夫论·本政》:稷、契、皋聚而致雍熙,皇父、蹶、踽聚而致灾异。
论衡·命禄》:积金累玉,未必朱之智。
太玄经·太玄攡》:虚无而生乎规,𢺄神明而定摹,通同古今以开类,攡措阴阳而发气。
风俗通义·四渎》:《诗》云:“江、汉。”
孔丛子·论书》:于《大禹》、《皋谟》、《益稷》见禹、稷、皋之忠勤功勋焉。
申鉴·时事》:厘降二女,唐之典。
新语·道基》:于是皋乃立狱制罪,悬赏设罚,异是非,明好恶,检奸邪,消佚乱。
独断·卷上》:与帝舜言曰“朕言惠可底行”。
蔡中郎集·独断》:孝武帝幸馆公主家,召见董偃,偃傅青褠绿帻,主赞曰:主家庖人臣偃昧死再拜谒,上为之起,乃赐衣冠,引上殿。
列子·杨朱》:然而舜耕于河阳,于雷泽,四体不得蹔安,口腹不得美厚。
鶡冠子·泰鸿》:泰一曰:“爱精养神内端者,所以希天,天也者,神明之所根也,醇化四时,埏无形,刻镂未萌,离文将然者也,地者,承天之演备载以宁者也。”
文子·道原》:夫道者,冶万物,终始无形,寂然不动,大通混冥,深闳广大不可为外,折毫剖芒不可为内,无环堵之宇,而生有无之间也
文始真经·一宇》:关尹子曰:“一能作万器,终无有一器能作者,能害者。”
列仙传·宁封子》:宁封子者,黄帝时人也,世传为黄帝正。
鬻子·禹政第六》:禹之治天下也,得皋,得杜子业,得既子,得施子黯,得季子甯,得然子堪,得轻子玉。
老子河上公章句》:故贵以贱为本,言必欲尊贵,当以薄贱为本,若禹稷躬稼,舜河滨,周公下白屋也。
韩非子·有度》:攻尽、魏之地。
管子·地数》:黄帝问于伯高曰:‘吾欲天下而以为一家,为之有道乎?’
六韬·文师》:史编曰:“编之太祖史畴,为禹占,得皋,兆比于此。”
淮南子·道应训》:虽无除其患害,天地之间,六合之内,可冶而变化也。
吕氏春秋·求人》:、化益、真窥、横革、之交五人佐禹,故功绩铭乎金石,著于盘盂。
春秋左传》:罪我之由,夏书曰,皋迈种德,德乃降,姑务修德以待时乎。
逸周书·文酌解》:十二来:一弓二矢归射,三轮四舆归御,五鲍六鱼归蓄,七八冶归灶,九柯十匠归林,十一竹十二𥯤归时。
国语·晋语八》:宣子曰:“昔匄之祖,自虞以上为唐氏,在夏为御龙氏,在商为豕韦氏,在周为唐、杜氏。”

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