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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+99DF

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Simplified character

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 15 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.354#36 Kangxi: p.1437#06 Cihai: p.1506r1c02 GSR: 518.e Hanyu: v7,p4547#11
Composition:Left: , right: .
Mandarin: ㄙˋ
Cantonese:si3
Tang reconstruction:
Shuowen:马部》驷:一乘也。从马四声。
Guangyun:广韵·去声··》驷:一乗四马。
Kangxi:康熙字典·马部·》驷:《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》息利切《正韵》息渍切,𠀤音四。《玉篇》四马一乗也。《·墉风》良马五之疏王肃云:古者一辕之车驾三马则五辔,夏后氏驾两,谓之丽。殷益一騑,谓之骖。周又益一騑,谓之驷。驷者,一乗四马,两服两骖是也。董氏曰:马在车中爲服,在车外爲骖。又《左传·文十一年》富父终甥驷乗。又《前汉·郊祀志》秦祀四畤,每畤用木寓龙一驷,木寓车马一驷,各如其帝色。《注》李奇曰:寓寄也,寄生龙形于木也。师古曰:一驷亦四龙也。又星名。《尔雅·释天》天驷房也。《注》房四星,谓之天驷。又地名。《前汉·地理志》琅邪郡驷望县。《又》乐浪郡驷望县又姓。《左传·定十年》郈工师驷赤。又《前汉·文帝纪》齐王舅父驷钧。又借作四。《礼·乐记》夹振之而驷伐,盛威于中国也。《注》驷当爲四。每奏四伐,一击一刺爲一伐。又《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤息七切,音悉。义同。
考证:〔《小雅》载骖载驷。《注》王肃云云。〕谨照所引王肃云云见墉风干旄疏非小雅注。今照原书将小雅载骖载驷注七字,改爲墉风良马五之疏。
Fanqie:息利 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:team of four horses

Example usage

论语·颜渊》:不及舌。
But four horses cannot overtake the tongue.
孟子·万章上》:系马千,弗视也。
Though there had been yoked for him a thousand teams of horses, he would not have looked at them.
礼记·乐记》:天子夹振之而伐,盛威于中国也。
To the son of Heaven. Two men, one on each side of the performers, excite them with bells, and four times they stop and strike and thrust, showing the great awe with which (king Wu) inspired the Middle states.
扬子法言》:或曰:“食如蚁,衣如华,朱轮马,金朱煌煌,无已泰乎?”
Someone said: Food as delicate and finely prepared as little ants, robes as beautiful as paintings, a vermilion wheeled four-horse chariot, and a glittering gold seal with the vermilion silk ribbons—is this not excessive?
庄子·人间世》:南伯子綦游乎商之丘,见大木焉有异,结千乘,隐将芘其所藾。
Nan-bo Zi-Qi in rambling about the Heights of Shang, saw a large and extraordinary tree. The teams of a thousand chariots might be sheltered under it, and its shade would cover them all!
道德经》:故立天子,置三公,虽有拱璧以先马,不如坐进此道。
Therefore when the sovereign occupies his place as the Son of Heaven, and he has appointed his three ducal ministers, though (a prince) were to send in a round symbol-of-rank large enough to fill both the hands, and that as the precursor of the team of horses (in the court-yard), such an offering would not be equal to (a lesson of) this Dao, which one might present on his knees.
孙子兵法·作战》:孙子曰:凡用兵之法,驰车千,革车千乘,带甲十万。
Sunzi said: In the operations of war, where there are in the field a thousand swift chariots, as many heavy chariots, and a hundred thousand mail-clad soldiers.
诗经·清人》:清人在彭、介旁旁、二矛重英、河上乎翱翔。
The men of Qing are in Peng; The chariot with its team in mail ever moves about; The two spears in it, with their ornaments, rising, one above the other. So do they roam about the He.
荀子·礼论》:将由夫修饰之君子与,则三年之丧,二十五月而毕,若之过隙,然而遂之,则是无穷也。
说苑·善说》:于是楚王发使一,副使二乘,追公子皙濮水之上,子皙还重于楚,蘧伯玉之力也
春秋繁露·立元神》:失之豪厘,不及追。
韩诗外传·卷三》:》曰:“牧野洋洋,檀车皇皇,騵彭彭,维师尚父,时维鹰扬,凉彼武王,肆伐大商,会朝清明。”
新书·辅佐》:调谇,典博闻以掌乘,领时从,比贤能。
中论·贵言》:夫君子之于言也,所致贵也,虽有夏后之璜,商汤之,弗与易也
孔子家语》:乃选好女子八十人,衣以文饰而舞容玑,及文马四十,以遗鲁君。
潜夫论·交际》:今使官人虽兼桀、跖之恶,苟结而过士,士犹以荣而归焉,况其实有益者乎?
论衡·死伪》:带率国人以伐之,伯有死。
太玄经·》:次八,马跙跙,而更其御。
风俗通义》:坐则专席,止则专馆,朱轩驾,威烈赫奕
墨子·经下》:所存与者,于存与孰存,异说。
列子·力命》:子衣则文锦,食则粱肉,居则连欐,出则结
文子·微明》:附耳之语,流闻千里,言者祸也,舌者机也,出言不当,马不追。
列仙传·马师皇》:师皇典马,厩无残
老子河上公章句》:不及舌,多言多患。
韩非子·说林上》:欺邹君,邹君将使人杀之,田恐,告惠子,惠子见邹君曰:“今有人见君,则眇其一目,奚如?”
慎子·逸文》:河之下龙门,其流驶如竹箭,马追弗能及。
管子·七臣七主》:曰:昔者桀纣是也,诛贤忠,近谗贼之士,而贵妇人,好杀而不勇,好富而忘贫,驰猎无穷,鼓乐无厌,瑶台玉餔不足处,驰车千不足乘,材女乐三千人,锺石丝竹之音不绝,百姓罢乏,君子无死,卒莫有人,人有反心。
淮南子·齐俗训》:故有大路龙旌,羽盖垂緌,结连骑,则必有穿窬拊楗,抽箕逾备之奸。
吕氏春秋·六月纪》:天子居太庙太室,乘大辂,驾黄,载黄旗,衣黄衣,服黄玉,食稷与牛。
邓析子·转辞》:一声而非,马勿追。
史记·周本纪》:乃求有莘氏美女,骊戎之文马,有熊九,他奇怪物,因殷嬖臣费仲而献之纣。
春秋左传》:夫狐蛊,必其君也,蛊之贞,风也,其悔,山也,岁云秋矣,我落其实,而取其材,所以克也,实落材亡,不败何待,三败及韩,晋侯谓庆郑曰,寇深矣,若之何,对曰,君实深之,可若何,公曰,不孙,卜右,庆郑吉,弗使,步扬御戎,家仆徒为右,乘小,郑入也,庆郑曰,古者大事,必乘其产,生其水土,而知其人心,安其教训,而服习其道,唯所纳之,无不如志,今乘异产以从戎事,及惧而变,将与人易,乱气狡愤,阴血周作,张脉偾兴,外强中乾,进退不可,周旋不能,君必悔之,弗听,九月,晋侯逆秦师,使韩简视师,复曰,师少于我,斗士倍我,公曰,何故,对曰,出因其资,入用其宠,饥食其粟,三施而无报,是以来也,今又击之,我怠秦奋,倍犹未也,公曰,一夫不可狃,况国乎,遂使请战,曰,寡人不佞,不能合其众,而不能离也,君若不还,无所逃命,秦伯使公孙枝对曰,君之未入,寡人惧之,入而未定列,犹吾忧也,苟列定矣,敢不承命,韩简退曰,吾幸而得囚,壬戌,战于韩原,晋戎马还泞而止,公号庆郑,庆郑曰,愎谏违卜,固败是求,又何逃焉,遂去之,梁由靡御韩简,虢射为右,辂秦伯,将止之,郑以救公误之,遂失秦伯,秦获晋侯以归,晋大夫反首拔舍,从之,秦伯使辞焉,曰,二三子何其戚也,寡人之从君而西也,亦晋之妖梦是践,岂敢以至,晋大夫三拜稽首曰,君履后土而戴皇天,皇天后土,实闻君之言,群臣敢在下风,穆姬闻晋侯将至,以大子罃,弘,与女简璧,登台而履薪焉,使以免服衰绖逆,且告曰,上天降灾,使我两君匪以玉帛相见,而以兴戎,若晋君朝以入,则婢子夕以死,夕以入,则朝以死,唯君裁之,乃舍诸灵台,大夫请以入,公曰,获晋侯,以厚归也,既而丧归焉用之,大夫其何有焉,且晋人戚忧以重我,天地以要我,不图晋忧,重其怒也,我食吾言,背天地也,重怒难任,背天不祥,必归晋君,公子絷曰,不如杀之,无聚慝焉,子桑曰,归之而质其大子,必得大成,晋未可灭,而杀其君,祇以成恶,且史佚有言曰,无始祸,无怙乱,无重怒,重怒难任,陵人不祥,乃许晋平,晋侯使郤乞告瑕吕饴甥,且召之,子金教之言曰,朝国人而以君命赏,且告之曰,孤虽归,辱社稷矣,其卜贰圉也,众皆哭,晋于是乎作爰田,吕甥曰,君亡之不恤,而群臣是忧,惠之至也,将若君何,众曰,何为而可,对曰,征缮以辅孺子,诸侯闻之,丧君有君,群臣辑睦,甲兵益多,好我者劝,恶我者惧,庶有益乎,众说,晋于是乎作州兵,初,晋献公筮嫁伯姬于秦,遇归妹之睽,史苏占之,曰,不吉,其繇曰,士刲羊,亦无衁也,女承筐,亦无贶也,西邻责言,不可偿也,归妹之睽,犹无相也,震之离,亦离之震,为雷为火,为嬴败姬,车说其輹,火焚其旗,不利行师,败于宗丘,归妹睽孤,寇张之弧,侄其从姑,六年其逋,逃归其国,而弃其家,明年,其死于高梁之虚,及惠公在秦,曰,先君若从史苏之占,吾不及此夫,韩简侍曰,龟,象也,筮,数也,物生而后有象,象而后有滋,滋而后有数,先君之败德,及可数乎,史苏是占,勿从何益,诗曰,下民之孽,匪降自天,僔沓背憎,职竞由人。
国语·楚语上》:问谁相礼,则华元、騑。
晏子春秋》:且诗曰:‘载骖载,君子所诫。’
吴越春秋》:吾尝追之于江,马驰不及,射之暗接,矢不可中。
越绝书·请籴内传》:太宰嚭对曰:“臣闻马方驰,惊前者斩,其数必正。”
战国策·严氏为贼》:道周,周君留之十四日,载以乘车马而遣之。
盐铁论·论儒》:文学曰:“无鞭策,虽造父不能调马。”
列女传·齐相御妻》:晏子将出,命妇窥其夫为相御,拥大盖,策马,意气洋洋,甚自得也。
春秋谷梁传》:冬,郑弘帅师救曹。
春秋公羊传》:蔡杀其大夫公子

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