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Chinese Text Project

U+9A55

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 12 strokes = 22 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.147#43 Kangxi: p.1445#25 Cihai: p.1510r3c03 GSR: 1138.o Hanyu: v7,p4577#12
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𡆌
Mandarin:jiāo xiāo qiáo ㄐㄧㄠ ㄒㄧㄠ ㄐㄩ ㄑㄧㄠˊ
Cantonese:giu1
Tang reconstruction:*gyɛu
Shuowen:馬部》驕:馬高六尺為驕。从馬喬聲。《》曰:「我馬唯驕。」一曰野馬。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》驕:馬髙六尺。舉喬切,九。
Kangxi:康熙字典·馬部·十二》驕:《唐韻》舉喬切《集韻》《韻會》居妖切,𠀤音嬌。《說文》馬高六尺爲驕。《玉篇》壯貌。又野馬也。又馬𩧙逸不受控制也。又《正字通》恣也,自矜也。《·周官》位不期驕。《·小雅》驕人好好,勞人草草。又或作喬。《禮·樂記》齊音敖辟喬志。《註》喬音驕。又《集韻》嬌廟切,音撟。驕驁,馬行貌。又縱恣也。《史記·司馬相如傳》低卬夭蟜据以驕驁兮。《註》椐,直項也。驕驁,縱恣也。驕音居召反。又《五音集韻》居夭切,音矯。僨驕不可禁之勢。《莊子·在宥篇》僨驕而不可係者,其惟人心乎。《音義》驕如字。又居表反。又《集韻》虛嬌切《正韻》吁驕切,𠀤音囂。與獢同。短喙犬也。《·秦風》載獫歇驕。《釋文》驕,本又作獢。許喬反。又古通虞韻。《前漢·敘傳》漢興柔遠,與爾剖符。皆恃其岨,乍臣乍驕。
考證:〔《史記·司馬相如傳》夭蟜椐以驕驁兮。〕謹照原文夭蟜上增低卬二字。椐改据。
Fanqie:舉喬 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:spirited horse; haughty

Example usage

論語·學而》:子貢曰:「貧而無諂,富而無,何如?」
Zi Gong said, "What do you pronounce concerning the poor man who yet does not flatter, and the rich man who is not proud?"
孟子·離婁下》:而良人未之知也,施施從外來,其妻妾。
In the meantime the husband, knowing nothing of all this, came in with a jaunty air, carrying himself proudly to his wife and concubine.
禮記·曲禮上》:富貴而知好禮,則不不淫。
When the rich and noble know to love propriety, they do not become proud nor dissolute.
孝經·紀孝行》:事親者,居上不,為下不亂,在醜不爭。
He who (thus) serves his parents, in a high situation will be free from pride, in a low situation will be free from insubordination, and among his equals will not be quarrelsome.
揚子法言》:上交不諂,下交不,則可以有為矣。
If he does not flatter in interacting with superiors and does not boast in interacting with inferiors, then he can create friendships.
論衡·率性》:孔子引而教之,漸漬磨礪,闔導牖進,猛氣消損,節屈折,卒能政事,序在四科。
Confucius took him under his guidance. By degrees he polished and instructed him. The more he advanced in knowledge, the more he lost his fierceness, and his arrogance was broken. At last he was able to govern a state, and ranked in the four classes.
墨子·天志下》:曰大不攻小也,強不侮弱也,眾不賊寡也,詐不欺愚也,貴不傲賤也,富不貧也,壯不奪老也。
The great will not attack the small, the strong will not plunder the weak, the many will not oppress the few, the clever will not deceive the ignorant, the honoured will not disdain the humble, the rich will not mock the poor, and the young will not rob the old.
莊子·在宥》:而不可係者,其唯人心乎!
In its resolute haughtiness, it refuses to be bound - such is the mind of man!
道德經》:富貴而,自遺其咎。
When wealth and honours lead to arrogancy, this brings its evil on itself.
商君書·戰法》:王者之兵,勝而不,敗而不怨。
The army of a real king does not boast of victory, nor does it harbour rancour for defeat.
孫子兵法·始計》:利而誘之,亂而取之,實而備之,強而避之,怒而撓之,卑而之,佚而勞之,親而離之。
Hold out baits to entice the enemy. Feign disorder, and crush him. If he is secure at all points, be prepared for him. If he is in superior strength, evade him. If your opponent is of choleric temper, seek to irritate him. Pretend to be weak, that he may grow arrogant. If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them.
史記·五帝本紀》:富而不,貴而不舒。
He was rich without being proud, and esteemed yet not lax.
荀子·大略》:曰:「諸侯之我者,吾不為臣。」
說苑·雜言》:傲而輕舊怨,是以尊位則必危,任重則必崩,擅寵則必辱。
春秋繁露·竹林》:以此之故,難使會同,而易使奢。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:其後在位者奢,不恤元元,稅賦繁數,百姓困乏,耕桑失時。
大戴禮記》:富貴,吾恐其贏也。
新書·脩政語上》:然且大禹其猶大恐,諸侯會,則問於諸侯曰:「諸侯以寡人為乎?」
新序·善謀下》:有德則易以王,無德則易以亡,凡居此者,欲令周務德以致人,不欲恃險阻,令後世奢以虐民。
中論·法象》:故孔子曰:「君子威而不猛,泰而不。」
孔子家語·致思》:長事齊君,君奢失士,臣節不遂,是二失也。
潛夫論·明闇》:秦之二世,務隱藏己,而斷百僚,隔捐疏賤而信趙高,是以聽塞於貴重之臣,明蔽於妬之人,故天下潰叛,弗得聞也。
太玄經·太玄文》:小人在玄則邪,在福則,在禍則窮。
風俗通義》:蓋、嚴、楊惲,勳著王室,言事過差,皆伏大辟,以隆主威,抑侵也。
孔叢子·蓼蟲賦》:逸必致必致亡。
申鑒·政體》: 小人之情,緩則則恣,恣則急,急則怨,怨則畔,危則謀亂,安則思欲,非威強無以懲之。
新語·道基》:德盛者威廣,力盛者眾。
蔡中郎集·正交論》:彼貞士者,貧賤不待夫富貴,富貴不乎貧賤,故可貴也。
列子·黃帝》:曰:「未也,方虛而恃氣。」
鶡冠子·著希》:賢人之潛亂世也,上有隨君,下無直辭,君有行,民多諱言。
文子·守弱》:老子曰:天子公侯以天下一國為家,以萬物為畜,懷天下之大,有萬物之多,即氣實而志,大者用兵侵小,小者倨傲凌下,用心奢廣,譬猶飄風暴雨,不可長久。
老子河上公章句》:富貴而,自遺其咎。
韓非子·主道》:近愛必誅,則疏賤者不怠,而近愛者不也。
慎子·知忠》:是以過修於身,而下不敢以善矜。
管子·山至數》:以國幣之分復布百姓,四減國穀,三在上,一在下,復筴也,大夫聚壤而封,積實而,上請奪之以會。
吳子·料敵》:夫齊性剛,其國富,君臣奢而簡於細民,其政寬而祿不均,一陳兩心,前重後輕,故重而不堅。
六韜·六守》:太公曰:「富之而觀其無犯,貴之而觀其無,付之而觀其無轉,使之而觀其無隱,危之而觀其無恐,事之而觀其無窮。」
司馬法·天子之義》:上苟不伐善,則不矣。
尉繚子·兵教下》:率俾民心不定,徒尚侈,謀患辨訟,吏究其事,累且敗也。
三略·上略》:故士可下而不可,將可樂而不可憂,謀可深而不可疑。
淮南子·道應訓》:對曰:「數戰則民疲,數勝則主。」

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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