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Chinese Text Project

U+9CE5

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Simplified character

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.295#43 Kangxi: p.1480#52 Cihai: p.1533r1c02 GSR: 1116.a Hanyu: v7,p4613#01
Composition:Component of: 𫚮 𩾏 𩾐 𩾑 𩾙 𩾚 𩾛 𩾜 𠌵 𠞸 𠟀 𩾒 [More]
Mandarin:niǎo diǎo dǎo què ㄋㄧㄠˇ ㄉㄧㄠˇ ㄉㄠˇ ㄑㄩㄝˋ
Cantonese:niu5
Tang reconstruction:*děu
Shuowen:鳥部》鳥:長尾禽緫名也。象形。鳥之足似匕,从匕。凡鳥之屬皆从鳥。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》鳥:《說文》曰:長尾禽緫名也,象形。都了切,九。
Kangxi:康熙字典·鳥部·鳥部》鳥:《唐韻》都了切《集韻》《韻會》丁了切,𠀤音蔦。《說文》長尾禽總名也。《正韻》常時曰鳥,胎卵曰禽。《爾雅·釋鳥》鳥之雌雄不可別者以翼,右掩左雄,左掩右雌。《·堯典》厥民析鳥獸孳尾。《周禮·秋官·翨氏》掌攻猛鳥。又《硩蔟氏》掌覆妖鳥之巢。《註》硩,摘也。摘其巢而去之。《正字通》二足而羽謂之禽。或曰鳥觜曰咮曰喙,爪曰距,尾曰翠,一作臎,一名尾罌。膍胵曰奧,嚨曰亢曰員官,項畜食處曰嗉,翅曰翮曰翎,頸毛曰翁,腳短者多伏,腳長者多立,腳近翠者好步,腳近臆者好躑。《師曠·禽經》羽蟲三百六十,毛協四時,色合五方。又星名。朱鳥,南方七宿名。《·堯典》日中星鳥。又國名。《山海經》鹽長之國有人鳥首,名曰鳥氏。又山名。鳥䑕。《地志》在隴西郡首陽縣西南,禹貢,終南惇物至于鳥䑕。又《山海經》鳥危之山,鳥危之水出焉。又官名。《周禮·夏官》射鳥氏掌射鳥。《左傳·昭十七年》少皡摯之立也,紀於鳥,爲鳥師,而鳥名。又秦之先有鳥俗氏。《史記·秦本紀》大費生子二人,一曰大廉,實鳥俗氏。《索隱曰》以仲衍鳥身人言,故爲鳥俗氏。又丹鳥,白鳥,俱蟲名。《夏小正》丹鳥者,丹良也。白鳥者,蚊蚋也。又妙音鳥。《法華經偈頌》聖主天中王,迦陵頻伽聲。《註》迦陵頻伽,妙音鳥也。鳥未出聲時,卽發音微妙,一切天人聲皆不及,惟佛音類之,故以取况。又《正韻》尼了切,音裊。義同。又《集韻》《類篇》𠀤與島同。《·禹貢》島夷皮服。《史記·夏本紀》《前漢·地理志》𠀤作鳥夷。孔讀鳥爲島。又《字彙補》子削切,音爵。《前漢·地理志》武威郡鸞鳥縣。《後漢·段熲傳》欲攻武威,熲復追擊於鸞鳥。《註》鳥音爵。又叶都縷切,音女。《史記·自序》穆公思義,悼殽之旅。以人爲殉,詩歌黃鳥。又叶丁柳切,音近斗。《前漢·敘傳》沐浴尸鄕,北面奉首。旅人慕殉,義過黃鳥。
考證:〔《正韻》尼了切,音䲷。〕謹照原文音梟改音裊。
Fanqie:都了 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:bird; KangXi radical 196

Example usage

論語·泰伯》:曾子言曰:「之將死,其鳴也哀。」
Zeng said to him, "When a bird is about to die, its notes are mournful."
孟子·滕文公下》:險阻既遠,獸之害人者消,然後人得平土而居之。
And the dangers and obstructions which they had occasioned were removed. The birds and beasts which had injured the people also disappeared, and after this men found the plains available for them, and occupied them.
禮記·三年問》:今是大獸,則失喪其群匹,越月逾時焉,則必反巡,過其故鄉,翔回焉,鳴號焉,蹢躅焉,踟躕焉,然後乃能去之。
Take the larger birds and beasts - when one of them has lost its mate, after a month or a season, it is sure to return and go about their old haunts. It turns round and round, utters its cries, now moves, now stops, and looks quite embarrassed and uncertain in its movements, before it can leave the place.
揚子法言》:獸觸其情者也,眾人則異乎!
Birds and beasts are motivated by their desires. Is the common man any different?
莊子·逍遙遊》:化而為,其名為鵬。
It changes into a bird with the name of Peng.
道德經》:蜂蠆虺蛇不螫,猛獸不據,攫不搏。
Poisonous insects will not sting him; fierce beasts will not seize him; birds of prey will not strike him.
商君書·畫策》:本不堅,則民如飛走獸,其孰能制之?
If the basis is not solid, then people are like flying birds or like animals. Who can regulate these?
孫子兵法·兵勢》:之擊,至于毀折者,節也。
The quality of decision is like the well-timed swoop of a falcon which enables it to strike and destroy its victim.
史記·五帝本紀》:時播百穀草木,淳化獸蟲蛾,旁羅日月星辰水波土石金玉,勞勤心力耳目,節用水火材物。
The planting of the crops, plants, and trees in their seasons, and the transformations of birds, beasts, insects, and moths. He also prepared a record of the movements of the sun, moon, and stars; the flow of the tides; and the properties of clay, stones, metals, and gems. He devoted much careful attention to these things, and his observation was applied to ascertaining how fire, water, wood, and other elements could be used economically.
荀子·》:人屬所利,飛所害。
說苑·脩文》:曾子曰:「之將死,必有悲聲。」
春秋繁露·竹林》:天之為人性命,使行仁義而羞可恥,非若獸然,苟為生,苟為利而已。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:顏淵曰:「獸窮則齧,窮則啄,人窮則詐。」
大戴禮記·夏小正》:皆曰巢,突穴取與之室,何也?
白虎通德論·五行》:其精為,離為鸞。
新書·脩政語上》:是故堯教化及雕題蜀越,撫交趾,身涉流沙,地封獨山,西見王母,訓及大夏渠叟,北中幽都,及狗國與人身而面,及焦僥。
新序·節士》:中行衍人面嶵,降佐帝大戊及周天子,皆有明德,下及幽厲無道,而叔帶去周適晉,事先君繆侯,至于成公,世有立功,未嘗絕祀。
中論·治學》:故太昊觀天地而畫八卦,燧人察時令而鑽火,帝軒聞鳳鳴而調律,倉頡視跡而作書,斯大聖之學乎神明而發乎物類也。
孔子家語·問禮》:未有火化,食草木之實、獸之肉,飲其血,茹其毛。
潛夫論·忠貴》:以山為卑而橧巢其上,魚以淵為淺而穿穴其中,卒所以得之者餌也。
論衡·氣壽》:獸與人異形,故其年壽與人殊數。
太玄經·》:測曰,「交于鸎猩」、獸同方也。
風俗通義·五伯》:而繆公受鄭甘言,置戎而去,違黃髮之計,而遇殽之敗,殺賢臣百里奚,以子車氏為殉,《詩·黃》之所為作,故謚曰「繆」。
孔叢子·廣鳥》:去陰就陽,謂之陽,鴻、鴈是也。
申鑒·時事》:語有之曰:『有將來,張羅待之。』
新語·道基》:於是後聖乃定《五經》,明《六藝》,承天統地,窮事微,原情立本,以緒人倫,宗諸天地,脩篇章,垂諸來世,被諸獸,以匡衰亂,天人合策,原道悉備,智者達其心,百工窮其巧,乃調之以管絃絲竹之音,設鍾鼓歌舞之樂,以節奢侈,正風俗,通文雅。
獨斷·卷上》:行扈氏農正、晝為民驅,宵扈氏農正、夜為民驅獸。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:金根箱輪皆以金鎛正黃,兩臂前後刻金,以作龍虎龜形,上但以青縑為蓋,羽毛無後戶。
墨子·經說上》:折用桐,堅柔也。
列子·天瑞》:鴝掇千日,化而為,其名曰乾餘1骨。
鶡冠子·世兵》:一目之羅,不可以得雀,籠中之,空窺不出,眾人唯唯,安定禍福,憂喜聚門,吉凶同域,失反為得,成反為敗。
文子·道原》:山以之高,淵以之深,獸以之走,以之飛,麟以之遊,鳳以之翔,星曆以之行。
文始真經·七釜》:知道無形、能變有形者,可以易獸。
老子河上公章句》:猛獸不據,玃不搏。
韓非子·喻老》:右司馬御座而與王隱曰:「有止南方之阜,三年不翅不飛不鳴,嘿然無聲,此為何名?」
慎子·逸文》:飛於空,魚游於淵,非術也。
管子·輕重戊》:居其上,刃壯者胡丸操彈居其下,終日不歸。
六韜·發啟》:將擊,卑飛歛翼。
尉繚子·制談》:故曰:『便吾器用,養吾武勇,發之如擊,如赴千仞之谿。』
三略·中略》:夫高死,良弓藏,敵國滅,謀臣亡。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:夫飛主巢,狐狸主穴,巢者巢成而得棲焉,穴者穴成而得宿焉。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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