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Chinese Text Project

U+9DD9

Seal script

Simplified character

Radical:+ 11 strokes = 22 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.350#1 Kangxi: p.1499#13 Cihai: p.1544r2c02 GSR: 685.n Hanyu: v7,p4655#06
Composition:Top: , bottom: .
Mandarin:zhì zhé ㄓˋ ㄓㄜˊ
Cantonese:zi3
Tang reconstruction:
Shuowen:鳥部》鷙:擊殺鳥也。从鳥執聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》鷙:擊鳥。
Kangxi:康熙字典·鳥部·十一》鷙:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》脂利切《正韻》支義切,𠀤音至。《說文》擊殺鳥也。《玉篇》猛鳥也。《屈原·離騷》鷙鳥之不羣兮,自前世而固然。《王逸註》鷙,執也。謂能執伏衆鳥,鷹鸇之類也。《後漢·杜詩傳》湯武善禦衆,故無忿鷙之師。《註》鷙,擊也。又凡鳥之勇,獸之猛者,皆曰鷙。《禮·月令》鷹隼蚤鷙。《註》鷙,疾厲之氣也。亦作摯。《禮·曲禮》前有摯獸。又抵也。莊子馬蹄篇馬知介倪闉扼鷙曼。䆁文李云鷙,牴也。又《集韻》《類篇》𠀤陟栗切,音窒。《莊子·在宥篇》天下始喬詰卓鷙。《音義》卓鷙,行不平也。又疑也。《管子·五輔篇》下愈覆鷙而不聽從。《註》謂伺察而懷疑也。又《集韻》之列切,音晢。鳥擊也。又《集韻》《類篇》𠀤敕栗切,音抶。又陟利切,音致。義𠀤同。
考證:〔又與騺同。《史記·秦本紀》晉君棄其軍,與秦爭利,還而馬鷙。〕謹按史記不作鷙。今節云於上文禮曲禮前有摯獸下,增又抵也。莊子馬蹄篇馬知介倪闉扼鷙曼。䆁文李云鷙,牴也。
Fanqie:脂利 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:hawk, vulture

Example usage

揚子法言》:鳳鳴而翰也。
That's like having the cry of a phoenix and the feathers of a hawk.
莊子·在宥》:使人喜怒失位,居處無常,思慮不自得,中道不成章,於是乎天下始喬詰、卓,而後有盜跖、曾、史之行。
Men's joy and dissatisfaction are made to arise where they ought not to do so; their movements are all uncertain; they lose the mastery of their thoughts; they stop short midway, and do not finish what they have begun. In this state of things the world begins to have lofty aims, and jealous dislikes, ambitious courses, and fierce animosities, and then we have actions like those of the robber Zhi, or of Zeng (Shen) and Shi (Qiu).
商君書·畫策》:虎豹熊羆,而無敵,有必勝之理也。
Tigers, leopards, bears and yellow bears are unmatched in fierce fighting, because they have the nature fitted for conquest.
孫子兵法·兵勢》:鳥之擊,至于毀折者,節也。
The quality of decision is like the well-timed swoop of a falcon which enables it to strike and destroy its victim.
禮記·月令》:行冬令,則風寒不時,鷹隼蚤,四鄙入保。
說苑·脩文》:曰,天地陰陽盛長之時,猛獸不攫,鳥不搏,蝮蠆不螫,鳥獸蟲蛇且知應天,而況人乎哉?
新書·道術》:欣熏可安謂之熅,反熅為
孔子家語·儒行解》:蟲攫搏不程其勇,引重鼎不程其力。
論衡·骨相》:繚曰:「秦王為人,隆準,長目,膺,豺聲,少恩,虎視狼心。」
太玄經·太玄經錯》:《止》、欲
文子·上德》:日不並出,狐不二雄,神龍不匹,猛獸不群,鳥不雙,蓋非橑不蔽日,輪非輻不追疾,橑輪未足恃也。
管子·小問》:止之以力,則往者不反,來者距。
六韜·發啟》:鳥將擊,卑飛歛翼。
尉繚子·武議》:鳥逐雀,有襲人之懷,入人之室者,非出生也,後有憚也。
淮南子·主術訓》:是故人主好鳥猛獸,珍怪奇物,狡躁康荒,不愛民力,馳騁田獵,出入不時,如此,則百官務亂,事勤財匱,萬民悉苦,生業不修矣。
呂氏春秋·恃君》:鴈門之北,鷹隼、所、須窺之國,饕餮、窮奇之地,叔逆之所,儋耳之居,多無君。
史記》:鳥之擊也,必匿其形。
逸周書·時訓解》:大寒之日,雞始乳,又五日,鳥厲疾,又五日,水澤腹堅。
吳越春秋》:鳥將搏,必卑飛戢翼。
戰國策》:夫知伯之為人也,好利而復,來請地不與,必加兵於韓矣。
鹽鐵論·伐功》:蒙公為秦擊走匈奴,若鳥之追群雀。
漢書·匈奴傳下》:外國天性忿,形容魁健,負力怙氣,難化以善,易誊以惡,其彊難詘,其和難得。
東觀漢記·吳漢》:禹數與語,其人勇有智謀,諸將鮮能及者。
後漢書》:鳥累伯,不如一鶚。
楚辭·離騷經》:鳥之不羣兮,自前世而固然。
焦氏易林·乾之》:噬嗑:堅冰黃鳥,啼哀悲愁,不見甘粒,但觀藜蒿,數驚鳥,為我心憂。
說文解字·𠬜部》:樊:不行也。
文心雕龍·奏啟》:故位在擊,砥礪其氣,必使筆端振風,簡上凝霜者也。
抱朴子·勖學》:擊之禽,習之馴也。
神仙傳·樊夫人》:為理尚清凈簡易,而政令宣行,民受其惠,無旱暵漂墊之害,無疫毒暴之傷,歲歲大豐,遠近所仰。
三國志·曹真傳》:太祖壯其勇,使將虎豹騎。
群書治要·》:乃諫鵠曰:夫紲食鷹鳶,欲其而亨之,將何用哉。
藝文類聚·》:又《白雲賦》曰:攄神景於八幽,合洪化乎煙熅,充宇宙以播象,協元氣而齊勳,發憤靈石,擢性洪流,興曜曾泉,升跡融丘,盈八紘以餘憤,雖彌天其未泄,豈假期於遷晷,邁崇朝而倏忽,紅橤發而菡萏,金翹援而含葩,神收鬼化,弼性違序,鳥殊類而比栖,獸異跡而同處,蛟引翳而並潛,龍攀鴻而雙舉,鸞舞角以軒罷,企翮而延佇,長城曲蜿,采閣相扶,聳瑤臺之截嶭,構瓊闥之離婁,雄虹矯而垂天,翠鳥軒而扶日。
通典·建華冠》:鶡,鳥之暴疏者也,每所攫撮,應爪摧碎。
意林·新言五卷》:鳥之擊必俛其首,猛獸之攫必匿其爪。
三國演義》:鳥累百,不如一鶚。
封神演義》:腰下常懸三尺鋒,打陣銀鎚如猛
廣韻·》:𠷏:《說文》曰:鳥食已吐其皮毛如丸。
太平御覽·夏至》:蟬始鳴,半夏生,蚊虻不食駒犢,鳥不搏黃口。
太平廣記·王妙想》:山中異獸珍禽,無所不有,無毒螫玃之物,可以度世,可以養生,可以修道,可以登真也。
郁離子·鷹化為鳩》:郁離子曰:「鷹,天下之也,而化為鳩,則既失所恃矣,又鳴以取困,是以哲士安受命而大含忍也。」

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