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CTP Dictionary


伊尹
yǐn ㄧㄣˇ : [人名] [Name of a person]
墨子·所染》:舜染于许由1、伯阳,禹染于皋陶、伯益,汤染于伊尹、仲虺,武王染于太公、周公。
Thus Shun came under the influences of Xu You and Bo Yang; Yu, under that of Gao Yao and Bo Yi; Tang, under that of Yi Yin and Zhong Hui; and King Wu, under that of the Grand Duke and Duke Zhou.
论语·颜渊》:汤有天下,选于众,举伊尹,不仁者远矣。
Tang, being in possession of the kingdom, selected from among all the people, and employed Yi Yin, and all who were devoid of virtue disappeared.
孟子·公孙丑上》:曰:“伯夷、伊尹何如?”
Chou then asked, 'What do you say of Bo Yi and Yi Yin?'
庄子·庚桑楚》:是故汤以胞人笼伊尹,秦穆公以五羊之皮笼百里奚。
Thus it was that Tang caged Yi Yin by making him his cook, and that duke Mu of Qin caged Bai-li Xi by giving the skins of five rams for him.
史记·殷本纪》:伊尹曰:“明哉!”
Yiyin said: 'That is clear!'
韩非子·难言》:上古有汤至圣也,伊尹至智也。
淮南子·原道训》:是故鞭噬狗,策蹄马,而欲教之,虽伊尹、造父弗能化。
荀子·非相》:伊尹之状,面无须麋。
春秋左传》:诉诸宣子曰,盈将为乱,以范氏为死桓主而专政矣,曰,吾父逐鞅也,不怒,而以宠报之,又与吾同官而专之,吾父死而益富,死吾父而专于国,有死而已,吾蔑从之矣,其谋如是,惧害于主,吾不敢不言,范鞅为之徵,怀子好施,士多归之,宣子畏其多士也,信之,怀子为下卿,宣子使城著而遂逐之,秋,栾盈出奔楚,宣子杀箕遗,黄渊,嘉父,司空靖,邴豫,董叔,邴师,申书,羊舌虎,叔罴,囚伯华,叔向,籍偃,人谓叔向曰,子离于罪,其为不知乎,叔向曰,与其死亡若何,诗曰,优哉游哉,聊以卒岁,知也,乐王鲋见叔向曰,吾为子请,叔向弗应,出不拜,其人皆咎叔向,叔向曰,必祁大夫,室老闻之曰,乐王鲋言于君,无不行,求赦吾子,吾子不许,祁大夫所不能也,而曰必由之,何也,叔向曰,乐王鲋,从君者也,何能行,祁大夫外举不弃雠,内举不失亲,其独遗我乎,诗曰,有觉德行,四国顺之,夫子觉者也,晋侯问叔向之罪于乐王鲋,对曰,不弃其亲,其有焉,于是祁奚老矣,闻之,乘馹而见宣子曰,诗曰,惠我无疆,子孙保之,书曰,圣有暮勋,明徵定保,夫谋而鲜过,惠训不倦者,叔向有焉,社稷之固也,犹将十世宥之,以劝能者,今壹不免其身,其弃社稷,不亦惑乎,鲧殛而禹兴,伊尹放大甲而相之,卒无怨色,管蔡为戮,周公右王,若之何其以虎也弃社稷,子为善,谁敢不勉,多杀何为,宣子说,与之乘以言诸公而免之,不见叔向而归,叔向亦不告免焉而朝,初,叔向之母妒叔虎之母美而不使,其子皆谏其母,其母曰,深山大泽,实生龙蛇,彼美,余惧其生龙蛇以祸女,女敝族也,国多大宠,不仁人间之,不亦难乎,余何爱焉,使往视寝,生叔虎,美而有勇力,栾怀子嬖之,故羊舌氏之族及于难,栾盈过于周,周西鄙掠之,辞于行人曰,天子陪臣盈,得罪于王之守臣,将逃罪,罪重于郊甸,无所伏窜,敢布其死,昔陪臣书能输力于王室,王施惠焉,其子黶不能保任其父之劳,大君若不弃书之力,亡臣犹有所逃,若弃书之力,而思黶之罪,臣戮馀也,将归死于尉氏,不敢还矣,敢布四体,惟大君命焉,王曰,尤而效之,其又甚焉,使司徒禁掠栾氏者,归所取焉,使候出诸轘辕。
尚书·胤征》:伊尹去亳适夏,既丑有夏,复归于亳。
说苑·君道》:汤问伊尹曰:“三公九卿,二十七大夫,八十一元士,知之有道乎?”
墨子闲诂·所染》:禹染于皋陶、伯益,汤染于伊尹、仲虺,高诱云:“仲虺居薛,为汤之左相。”
吕氏春秋·当染》:舜染于许由、伯阳,禹染于皋陶、伯益,汤染于伊尹、仲虺,武王染于太公望、周公旦,此四王者所染当,故王天下,立为天子,功名蔽天地,举天下之仁义显人必称此四王者。
逸周书·王会解》:伊尹朝献,商书。
国语·晋语一》:史苏曰:“昔夏桀伐有施,有施人以妹喜女焉,妹喜有宠,于是乎与伊尹比而亡夏。”
说文解字·木部》:伊尹曰:“果之美者,箕山之东,青凫之所,有栌橘焉。”

See also: 伊挚 阿衡


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