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Confucianism -> Liji -> Kongzi Xian Ju -> 1

孔子Confucius being at home at leisure,
子夏 with Zi-xia by his side,
子夏 the latter said,
'With reference to the lines in the Book of Poetry (III, ii, ode 8, 1),
君子 "The happy and courteous sovereign,
’, is the father and mother of the people;"
?”I beg to ask what the sovereign must be, who can be called "the parent of the people."'
孔子 Confucius said,
'Ah! the parent of the people!
He must have penetrated to the fundamental principles of ceremonies and music,
till he has reached the five extreme points to which they conduct,
and the three that have no positive existence,
天下 and be able to exhibit these all under heaven;
and when evil is impending in any part of the kingdom,
he must have a foreknowledge of it
。”- such an one is he whom we denominate 'the parent of the people.'


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