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Confucianism -> Liji -> Zi Yi -> 13

The Master said,
'When (the measures of) government do not take effect,
and the lessons of the ruler do not accomplish their object,
(it is because) the giving of rank and emoluments is unfit to stimulate the people to good,
and (the infliction of) punishments and penalties is unfit to make them ashamed (of evil).
Therefore (the ruler) above must not be careless in punishing, nor lightly confer rank.
It is said in the Announcement to the Prince of Kang (Shu, V, ix, 8),
。’ "Deal reverently and understandingly in your infliction of punishments;"
and in the Punishments of Fu (Shu, V, xxvii, 12),
。’” "He spreads abroad his lessons to avert punishments."'

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