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Confucianism -> Liji -> Zi Yi -> 14

The Master said,
'When the great ministers are not on terms of friendly intimacy (with the ruler),
and the common people consequently are not restful,
this is because the loyalty (of the ministers) and the respect (of the ruler) are not sufficient,
and the riches and rank conferred (on the former) are excessive.
(The consequence is, that) the great ministers do not discharge their functions of government, and the ministers closer (to the ruler) form parties against them.
Therefore the great ministers should by all means be treated with respect;
they are examples to the people;
and ministers nearer (to the ruler) should by all means be careful
- they direct the way of the people.
Let not the ruler consult with inferior officers about greater,
nor with those who are from a distance about those who are near to him,
nor with those who are beyond the court about those who belong to it.
If he act thus, the great ministers will not be dissatisfied;
the ministers closer to him will not be indignant;
and those who are more remote will not be kept in obscurity.
叶公 The duke of She in his dying charge said,
"Do not by little counsels ruin great enterprises;
do not for the sake of a favourite concubine provoke queen Zhuang;
。’”do not for the sake of a favourite officer provoke your grave officers - the Great officers or high ministers."'


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