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Mohism -> Mozi -> Book 11 -> Minor Illustrations -> 3

Things have that by which they are similar, but this does not make them the similar.
Similarity of sentences
is correct within a certain range.
That it is so,
has that by which is so.
1
When things are the same in being so, that by which they are so is not necessarily the same.
2
When something is chosen, there is that by which it is chosen.
When what is chosen is the same, that by which it is chosen is not necessarily the same.
Thus the sayings of Analogy, Similarity, Leading, and Extending,
proceed and become different,
turn and become unsafe,
go far and become lost,
flow and lose their foundation
- this must be examined,
and they cannot be constantly applied.
Thus doctrine should rely upon many methods,
various kinds,
different causes,
and cannot be looked upon from a single perspective.
Things are sometimes thus and so;
sometimes thus and not so;
34sometimes one requires all and one not all;
sometimes one thus and one not thus.
5

1. 其然也 : Inserted.
2. 所 : Inserted.
3. 周 : Originally read: "害".
4. 周 : Originally read: "害".
5. 不是也。不可常用也。故言多方,殊类,异故,则不可偏观也, : Deleted. 衍文。


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