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Mohism -> Mozi -> Book 1 -> On the necessity of standards -> 2

天下Now, the government of the empire and that of the large states
do not observe their standards.
This shows the governors are even less intelligent than the artisans.
What, then, should be taken as the proper standard in government?
How will it do for everybody to imitate his parents?
天下
1
There are numerous parents in the world
but few are magnanimous.
For everybody to imitate his parents
is to imitate the unmagnanimous.
Imitating the unmagnanimous can not be said to be following the proper standard.
How will it do for everybody to follow his teacher?
天下There are numerous teachers in the world
but few are magnanimous.
For everybody to imitate his teacher
is to imitate the unmagnanimous.
Imitating the unmagnanimous cannot be taken as following the proper standard.
How will it do for everybody to imitate his ruler?
天下There are many rulers in the world
but few are magnanimous.
For everybody to imitate the ruler
is to imitate the unmagnanimous.
Imitating the unmagnanimous cannot be taken as following the right standard.
2
So then neither the parents nor the teacher nor the ruler should be accepted as the standard in government.

1. 之 : Inserted. 吴毓江《墨子校注》
2. 而可 : Deleted. 由王校改。


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