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Mohism -> Mozi -> Book 1 -> Indulgence in Excess -> 1

墨子Mozi said:
Primitive people,
1
before the art of building houses and palaces was known,
lingered by the mounds
and lived in caves.
湿 It was damp and injurious to health.
Thereupon the sage-kings built houses and palaces.
The guiding principles for these buildings were these:
2
湿 The house shall be built high enough to avoid the damp and moisture;
the walls thick enough to keep out the wind and cold;
the roof strong enough to stand snow, frost, rain, and dew;
and the walls in the palace high enough
to observe the propriety of the sexes.
These are sufficient,
3
and any expenditure of money and energy
that does not bring additional utility
shall not be permitted.
4
When the city walls are repaired with regular labour, the people may feel tired but there is no exhaustion. When taxes are collected according to custom, the people may be deprived of some money but there is no bitterness. The real woe of the people does not lie here, it lies in heavy taxes.
The sage-kings built houses and palaces
便in order to better the living conditions
and not for pleasures of sight.
They made clothes and hats, belts and shoes
便in order to protect the body
and not for novelty.
They were thrifty themselves
and taught the people to be the same.
天下And so, the people in the whole world became orderly
and wealth was sufficient for use.

1. 室 : Inserted. 孙诒让《墨子闲诂》
2. 室 : Inserted. 孙诒让《墨子闲诂》
3. 凡 : Inserted. 孙诒让《墨子闲诂》
4. 役,修其城郭,则民劳而不伤;以其常正,收其租税,则民费而不病。民所苦者非此也,苦于厚作敛于百姓。 : Moved here from entry 3. 孙诒让《墨子闲诂》


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