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Mohism -> Mozi -> Book 4 -> Universal Love I -> 2

Suppose we try to locate the cause of disorder,
we shall find it lies in the want of mutual love.
What is called disorder is just the lack of filial piety on the part of the minister and the son towards the emperor and the father;
As he loves himself and not his father the son benefits himself to the disadvantage of his father.
As he loves himself and not his elder brother, the younger brother benefits himself to the disadvantage of his elder brother.
As he loves himself and not his emperor, the minister benefits himself to the disadvantage of his emperor.
And these are what is called disorder.
When the father shows no affection to the son,
when the elder brother shows no affection to the younger brother,
and when the emperor shows no affection to the minister,
天下on the other hand, it is also called disorder.
When the father loves only himself and not the son,
he benefits himself to the disadvantage of the son.
When the elder brother loves only himself and not his younger brother,
he benefits himself to the disadvantage of the younger brother.
When the emperor loves only himself and not his minister,
he benefits himself to the disadvantage of his minister,
and the reason for all these is want of mutual love.


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