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中国哲学书电子化计划
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U+4E2D

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甲骨文

楚系簡帛

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𠁧
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𠁩
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部首:+ 3笔 = 共4笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页24第22 页344第4 康熙字典: 页79第03 辞海: 卷3页7402第 GSR: 第1007.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0028第10
表面结构:Merging of and . 具有相关结构:𠮝 。 Component of: 𠀐 𠂝 𠔈 𬻳 䦿 𫩘 𫯞 𫲹 𡉥 𡖌 𬩵 𢪠 𠁨 [More]
国语发音:zhōng zhòng ㄓㄨㄥ ㄓㄨㄥˋ
粤语发音:zung1 zung3
唐代发音:*djiùng djiung
说文解字:丨部》中:内也。从口。丨,上下通。
宋本广韵:广韵·上平声··》中:平也,成也,宜也,堪也,任也,和也,半也,又姓汉少府郷中京出风俗通又汉复姓有七氏汉有谏议大夫中行彪晋中行偃之后虞有五英之乐掌中英者因以爲氏古有隐者中梁子汉书艺文志有室中周著书十篇贾执英贤传云路中大夫之后以路中爲氏张晏云姓路爲中大夫何氏姓苑有中垒氏中野氏。陟弓切,又陟仲切,四。
广韵·去声··》中:当也,陟仲切,又陟冲切,二。
康熙字典:康熙字典·丨部·》中:〔古文〕𠁧𠁩《唐韵》陟弓切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》陟隆切,𠀤音忠。《·大禹谟》允执厥中。《周礼·地官·大司徒》以五礼防民僞,而敎之中。《左传·成十三年》刘子曰:民受天地之中以生。又《左传·文元年》举正于中,民则不惑。《注》举中气也。又司中,星名。在太微垣。《周礼·春官·大宗伯》以槱燎祀司中司命飌师雨师。又《前汉·律历志》春爲阳中,万物以生。秋爲隂中,万物以成。又中央,四方之中也。《·召诰》王来绍上帝,自服于土中。《注》洛爲天地之中。《张衡·东京赋》宅中圆大。又正也。《礼·儒行》儒有衣冠中。《周礼·秋官·司刺》以此三法者求民情,断民中,施上服下服之罪。《注》断民罪,使轻重得中也。又心也。《史记·韩安国传》深中宽厚。又内也。《易·坤卦》黄裳元吉,文在中也。又《老子·道德经》多言数穷,不如守中。又半也。《列子·力命篇》得亦中,亡亦中。《魏志·管辂传》鼓一中。《注》犹言鼓一半也。又成也。《礼·礼器》因名山升中于天。《注》中,犹成也。燔柴祭天,告以诸侯之成功也。又满也。《前汉·百官表》制中二千石。《注》谓满二千石也。《索隐》汉制,九卿已上,秩一岁,满二千石。又穿也。《周礼·冬官考工记》中其茎。《注》谓穿之也。又盛算器。《礼·投壶》主人奉矢,司射奉中。《注》士鹿中,大夫兕中,刻木如兕鹿而伏,背上立圆圈,以盛算也。又《礼·深衣注》衣有表者,谓之中衣。与衷通。又俚语。以不可爲不中。《萧参希通录》引左传成公二年,无能爲役。杜预注:不中爲之役使。又《礼·鄕饮酒义》冬之爲言中也。中者,藏也。又姓。汉少府卿中京。又中行,中英,中梁,中垒,中野,皆复姓。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤陟仲切,音妕。矢至的曰中。《史记·周本纪》养由基去柳叶百步,射之,百发百中。又著其中曰中。《庄子·达生篇》中身当心则爲病,犹医书中风,中暑是也。又要也。《周礼·春官》凡官府鄕州及都鄙之治中,受而藏之。《注》谓治职簿书之要也。又应也。《礼·月令》律中大簇。《注》中犹应也。又合也。《左传·定元年》季孙曰:子家子亟言于我,未尝不中吾志也。又《类篇》《正韵》𠀤直衆切。与仲通。《礼·月令》中吕,卽仲吕,又读作得。《周礼·地官》师氏掌国中失之事。《注》故书中爲得。陆德明云:中,杜音得。又《韵补》叶陟良切,音章。师古曰:古读中爲章。《吴志·胡综传·黄龙大牙赋》四灵旣布,黄龙处中。周制日月,是曰太常。又叶诸仍切,音征。《刘贡父·诗话》关中读中爲𤇏。《·大雅》泉之竭兮,不云自中。叶上频。《班固·高祖泗水亭𥓓》天期乗祚受爵汉中。叶下秦。古东韵与庚阳通。俗读中酒之中爲去声。中与之中爲平声。◎按《魏志·徐邈传》:邈爲尚书郞,时禁酒。邈私飮沈醉,赵达问以曹事,曰中圣人。时谓酒淸爲圣人,浊者爲贤人。苏轼诗:公特未知其趣耳,臣今时复一中之。则中酒之中,亦可读平声。《通鉴》:周宣王成中与之名,注:当也。杜诗:今朝汉社稷,新数中与年。则中与之中亦可读去声。
考证:〔《班固·东都赋》宅中圆大。〕谨照原书改张衡东京赋。〔《周礼·春官·司刺》以刺宥三法,求民情,断民中。〕谨照原文春官改秋官。以刺宥三法求民情,改以此三法者求民情。〔《易·坤卦》黄裳元吉,美在中也。〕谨照原文美在中也改文在中也。〔《左传·定元年》季孙曰:子家亟言于我,未尝不中吾志也。〕谨照原文子家下增子字。〔《周礼·天官》凡官府鄕州及都鄙之治中,受而藏之。〕谨照原书天官改春官。
反切:陟弓 (《广韵·上平声··》) 陟仲 (《广韵·上平声··》) 陟仲 (《广韵·去声··》) 陟冲 (《广韵·去声··》)
英文翻譯:central; center, middle; in the midst of; hit (target); attain

CTP Dictionary


中士
zhōng shì ㄓㄨㄥ ㄕˋ : 古代官阶之一。周代有上士、中士、下士。 "Officer of the middle grade", official title used in the Zhou dynasty.
孟子·万章下》:大国地方百里,君十卿禄,卿禄四大夫,大夫倍上士,上士倍中士中士倍下士,下士与庶人在官者同禄,禄足以代其耕也。
In a great State, where the territory was a hundred li square, the ruler had ten times as much income as his Chief ministers; a Chief minister four times as much as a Great officer; a Great officer twice as much as a scholar of the first class; a scholar of the first class twice as much as one of the middle; a scholar of the middle class twice as much as one of the lowest; the scholars of the lowest class, and such of the common people as were employed about the government offices, had for their emolument as much as was equal to what they would have made by tilling the fields.
礼记·王制》:诸侯之上大夫卿、下大夫、上士、中士、下士,凡五等。
There were (also), in the feudal states, Great officers of the highest grade - the ministers; and Great officers of the lowest grade; officers of the highest, the middle, and the lowest grades - in all, five gradations (of office).
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原典出处

论语·为政》:言寡尤,行寡悔,禄在其矣。
When one gives few occasions for blame in his words, and few occasions for repentance in his conduct, he is in the way to get emolument.
孟子·尽心上》:道而立,能者从之。
And he there stands exactly in the middle of the path. Those who are able, follow him.
礼记·投壶》:投壶之礼,主人奉矢,司射奉,使人执壶。
According to the rules for Pitch-pot, the host carries the arrows in both his hands put together; the superintendent of the archery carries in the same way the stand on which the tallies were placed; and an attendant holds in his hand the pot.
孝经·事君》:》云:‘心乎爱矣,遐不谓矣,心藏之,何日忘之。
It is said in the Book of Poetry: In my heart I love him, And why should I not say so? In the core of my heart I keep him, And never will forget him.
扬子法言·》:芒芒天道,昔在圣考,过则失,不及则不至,不可奸罔,撰《问道》。
Vast! Vast is Tian's Dao! In the past the sages completed it. If one goes too far, he loses the mean. If one doesn't go all the way, he doesn't reach the Dao. It cannot be defiled or maligned. Thus, I have written "Asking About the Dao."
墨子·经上》:,同长也。
The zhong (centre) is [the place from which (?)] they are the same in length.
庄子·逍遥游》:其大本拥肿而不绳墨,其小枝卷曲而不规矩,立之涂,匠者不顾。
Its trunk swells out to a large size, but is not fit for a carpenter to apply his line to it; its smaller branches are knotted and crooked, so that the disk and square cannot be used on them. Though planted on the wayside, a builder would not turn his head to look at it.
道德经》:多言数穷,不如守
Much speech to swift exhaustion lead we see; Your inner being guard, and keep it free.
商君书·垦令》:上信而官不敢为邪,民慎而难变,则下不非上,不苦官。
If the ruler is a man of his word and in consequence the officials dare not commit any depravity, and if the people are circumspect and consequently difficult to move, then there will be no criticism by inferiors of superiors, nor will the officials be regarded as obnoxious.
孙子兵法·作战》:国之贫于师者远输,远输则百姓贫,近于师者贵卖,贵卖则百姓财竭,财竭则急于丘役,力屈财殚,原内虚于家,百姓之费,十去其七,公家之费,破车罢马,甲胄矢弩,戟楯蔽橹,丘牛大车,十去其六。
Poverty of the State exchequer causes an army to be maintained by contributions from a distance. Contributing to maintain an army at a distance causes the people to be impoverished. On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away. When their substance is drained away, the peasantry will be afflicted by heavy exactions. With this loss of substance and exhaustion of strength, the homes of the people will be stripped bare, and three-tenths of their income will be dissipated; while government expenses for broken chariots, worn-out horses, breast-plates and helmets, bows and arrows, spears and shields, protective mantles, draught-oxen and heavy wagons, will amount to four-tenths of its total revenue.
荀子·大略》:下臣事君以货,臣事君以身,上臣事君以人。
说苑·修文》:津人申楫舟水而运,津人曰:“向也,役人固已告矣,夫子不听役人之言也。”
春秋繁露·玉杯》:法布二百四十二年之,相耿左右,以成文采。
韩诗外传·卷一》:子贡乘肥马,衣轻裘,绀而表素,轩不容巷,而往见之。
大戴礼记·主言》:夫政之不,君之过也。
白虎通德论·》:候》曰:“天子臣放勋。”
新书·修政语下》:政曰:治国之道,上忠于主,而敬其士,而下爱其民。
新序·善谋下》:留侯曰:“始上数在困急之,幸用臣,今天下安定,以爱幼欲易太子骨肉间。”
中论·治学》:学者、心之白日也,故先王立教官,掌教国子,教以六德,曰智、仁、圣、义、、和,教以六行,曰孝、友、睦、婣、任、恤。
孔子家语·相鲁》:孔子初仕,为都宰。
潜夫论·赞学》:耕也,馁在其
论衡·命义》:历阳之都,长平之坑,其必有命善禄盛之人,一宿同填而死,遭逢之祸大,命善禄盛不能郤也。
太玄经·》:𝌆
风俗通义·三皇》:皇者、也,光也,弘也。
孔丛子·广器》:者,谓之鹄。
申鉴·政体》:若夫人之伦,则刑礼兼焉。
忠经·天地神明章》:忠者、也,至公无私。
新语·道基》:于是圣乃设辟雍庠序之教,以正上下之仪,明父子之礼、君臣之义,使强不凌弱、众不暴寡,弃贪鄙之心,兴清洁之行。
独断·卷上》:车马、衣服、器械百物曰“乘舆”,所在曰“行在所”,所居曰“禁”,后曰“省”。
蔡中郎集·独断》:帝谥:违拂不成曰隐,靖民则法曰黄,翼善传圣曰尧,仁圣盛明曰舜,残人多垒曰桀,残义损善曰纣,慈惠爱亲曰孝,爱民好与曰惠,圣善同文曰宣,声闻宣远曰昭,克定祸乱曰武,聪明睿智曰献,温柔圣善曰懿,布德执义曰穆,仁义说民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布纲治纪曰平,乱而不损曰灵,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,贞心大度曰匡,大虑慈民曰定,知过能改曰恭,不生其国曰声,一德不懈曰简,夙兴夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰贞,柔德好众曰靖,安乐治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰顺,好勇致力曰庄,恭人短折曰哀,在国逢难曰愍,名实过爽曰缪,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐无亲曰厉,致志大图曰景,辟土兼国曰桓,经纬天地曰文,执义扬善曰怀,短折不成曰殇,去礼远众曰炀,怠政外交曰携,治典不敷曰祈。
列子·天瑞》:若屈伸呼吸,终日在天行止,奈何忧崩坠乎?
鶡冠子·著希》:夫乱世者,以粗智为造意,以险为道,以利为情,若不相与同恶,则不能相亲,相与同恶,则有相憎。
文子·道原》:古者三皇,得道之统,立于央,神与化游,以抚四方。
文始真经·一宇》:是以善吾道者,即一物知天、尽神、致命、造玄。
列仙传·赤松子》:往往至昆仑山上,常止西王母石室,随风雨上下。
鬻子·上禹政第六》:是以禹尝据一馈而七十起,日而不暇饱食,曰:“吾犹恐四海之士留于道路。”
老子河上公章句》:常名当如婴儿之未言,鸡子之未分,明珠在蚌,美玉处石间,内虽昭昭,外如愚顽。
韩非子·初见秦》:出其父母怀衽之,生未尝见寇耳。
慎子·威德》:明君动事分功必由慧,定赏分财必由法,行德制必由礼。
谏逐客书》:李斯议亦在逐
管子·轻重戊》:管子曰:“狐白应阴阳之变,六月而壹见,公贵买之,代人忘其难得,喜其贵买,必相率而求之,则是齐金钱不必出,代民必去其本而居山林之。”

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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