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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版
使
U+4F7F

說文小篆

金文
𠭆
同义字
𡥐
同义字

部首:+ 6笔 = 共8笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页252第10 页357第41 康熙字典: 页101第05 辞海: 卷1页0130第3 GSR: 第975.n 汉语大字典: 卷1页0145第02
表面结构:左:,右:。 Component of: 𠅚 𣷱 𭈓 𪮈 𦲺 𣔤 𧍇 𧍅 𧳡 𮦙 𩸲 𫤄
国语发音:shǐ shì ㄕˇ ㄕˋ
粤语发音:sai2 si2 si3
唐代发音:*shriə̌ shriə̀ shriə̌
说文解字:人部》使:伶也。从人吏声。
宋本广韵:广韵·上声··》使:役也,令也。又踈事切。
广韵·去声··𩢲》使:穴也。
康熙字典:康熙字典·人部·》使:〔古文〕𡥐𠭆《唐韵》疏士切《集韵》《韵会》爽士切《正韵》师止切,𠀤音史。令也,役也。《豳风》序:说以使民。《礼·曲礼》六十曰耆指使。《注》指事使人也。《管子·枢言篇》天以时使,地以材使,人以德使,鬼神以祥使,禽兽以力使。又《集韵》疏吏切《正韵》式至切,𠀤音𩢲。遣人聘问曰使。《前汉·韩信传》发一乗之使,下咫尺之书。又《鬼谷子·抵巇篇》圣人者,天地之使也。《淮南子·天文训》四时者,天之吏也。日月者,天之使也。又《諡法》治民克尽严笃无私曰使。本作𠉕。《六书统》从人从事。令人治事也。
考证:〔《易·兑卦》悦以使民。〕谨按易兑卦象传是悦以先民,与使字无涉。惟查毛诗豳风东山序有此四字。谨将易兑卦三字改爲豳风序。悦改说。
反切:踈士 (《广韵·上声··》) 踈事 (《广韵·上声··》) 踈吏 (《广韵·去声··𩢲》)
英文翻譯:cause, send on a mission, order; envoy, messenger, ambassador

CTP Dictionary


使
shǐ ㄕˇ (1): 命令,派遣。 Order, send (on a mission).
墨子·耕柱》:子墨子使管黔敖游高石子于卫,卫君致禄甚厚,设之于卿。
Mozi sent Guan Qin Ao to recommend Gao Shizi to Wei. The lord of Wei gave him heavy emoluments and ranked him among the ministers.
国语·鲁语上》:宣公使仆人以书命季文子曰:“夫莒太子不惮以吾故杀其君,而以其宝来,其爱我甚矣。”
shǐ ㄕˇ (2): 致使,让。 Cause, make.
墨子·经上》:使,谓、故。
Shi (to commission/to cause). To tell. The cause.
论语·公冶长》:使漆雕开仕。
The Master was wishing Qi Diao Kai to enter an official employment.
孟子·梁惠王上》:谷与鱼鼈不可胜食,材木不可胜用,是使民养生丧死无憾也。
When the grain and fish and turtles are more than can be eaten, and there is more wood than can be used, this enables the people to nourish their living and mourn for their dead, without any feeling against any.
诗经·狡童》:维子之故、使我不能餐兮。
But for the sake of you, Sir, Shall I make myself unable to eat?
shǐ ㄕˇ (3): 支配,使用。 Allocate, use.
道德经》:使气曰强。
Where the mind makes the vital breath to burn, (False) is the strength, (and o'er it we should mourn.)
淮南子·道应训》:故老子曰:“知和曰常,知常曰明,益生曰祥,心使气曰强。”
文子·下德》:故曰:知和曰常,知常曰明,益生曰祥,心使气曰强,是谓玄同,用其光,复归其明。
shǐ ㄕˇ (4): 放任,纵使。见“使酒”、“使气”。 Indulge in..
shǐ ㄕˇ (5.1): 出使。 Send as an envoy.
论语·雍也》:子华使于齐,冉子为其母请粟。
Zi Hua being employed on a mission to Qi, the disciple Ran requested grain for his mother.
庄子·人间世》:叶公子高将使于齐,问于仲尼曰:“王使诸梁也甚重,齐之待使者,盖将甚敬而不急。”
Zi Gao, duke of She, being about to proceed on a mission to Qi, asked Zhongni, saying, The king is sending me, Zhu Liang, on a mission which is very important. Qi will probably treat me as his commissioner with great respect, but it will not be in a hurry (to attend to the business).
周礼·夏官司马》:适四方使,则从士大夫。
韩诗外传·卷八》:孔子曰:“使于四方,不辱君命,可谓士矣。”
shǐ ㄕˇ (5.2): 使者。 Envoy, messenger.
史记·项羽本纪》:数使使趣齐兵,欲与俱西。
shǐ ㄕˇ (6): 连词:假使,假如。 Connective: if, supposing.
论语·泰伯》:子曰:“如有周公之才之美,使骄且吝,其馀不足观也已。”
The Master said, "Though a man have abilities as admirable as those of the duke of Zhou, yet if he be proud and niggardly, those other things are really not worth being looked at."

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