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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+4F86

說文小篆

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部首:+ 6筆 = 共8筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁99第55 康熙字典: 頁101第16 辭海: 卷1頁0210第1 GSR: 第944.a 漢語大字典: 卷1頁0141第08
表面結構:Merging of and . 具有相關結構: 。 Component of: 𬓡 𠩬 𢜞 𢯦 𪝗 𪩭 𢽟 𪰪 [More]
國語發音:lái lài ㄌㄞˊ ㄌㄞˋ
粵語發音:lai4 loi4 loi6
唐代發音:*ləi ləi
說文解字:來部》來:周所受瑞麥來麰。一來二縫,象芒朿之形。天所來也,故為行來之來。《》曰:「詒我來麰。」凡來之屬皆从來。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上平聲··》來:至也,及也,還也,又姓後漢來歙光武姑子蜀志云荆楚名族有黃門侍郎來𢘆俗作来。落哀切,二十五。
康熙字典:康熙字典·人部·》來:〔古文〕徠《廣韻》落哀切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》郞才切,𠀤賴平聲。至也,還也,及也。《禮·曲禮》禮尚往來。往而不來,非禮也。來而不往,亦非禮也。又《公羊傳·隱五年》公觀魚於棠,登來之也。《註》登讀爲得,齊人謂求得爲登來。又玄孫之子曰來孫。又麥名。《·周頌》貽我來牟。《前漢·劉向傳》作飴我釐麰。亦作䅘。又呼也。《周禮·春官》大祝來瞽令臯舞。又姓。又《集韻》洛代切,音賚。撫其至日來。《孟子》放勳曰:勞之來之。又叶鄰奚切,音離。《·邶風》莫往莫來,悠悠我思。《素問》恬澹虛無,眞氣從之。精神守內,病安從來。又叶郞狄切,音力。《·小雅》東人之子,職勞不來。叶下服。《大雅》經始勿亟,庶民子來。又叶落蓋切,音賴。《屈原·離騷》因氣變而遂會舉兮,忽神奔而鬼怪。時髣髴以遙見兮,精皎皎以往來。又叶良置切,音利。《荀子·賦篇》一往一來,結尾以爲事。
考證:〔《荀子·賦論篇》一往一來,結尾以爲事。〕謹照原書省論字。
反切:落哀 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
英文翻譯:come, coming; return, returning

CTP Dictionary


lái ㄌㄞˊ (1): 小麥。 Wheat.
詩經·思文》:貽我牟、帝命率育。
Thou didst confer on us the wheat and the barley, Which God appointed for the nourishment of all.
lái ㄌㄞˊ (2): 由彼至此,由遠及近。與「去」、「往」相對。 Come, approach, draw near.
論語·學而》:有朋自遠方,不亦樂乎?
Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?
孟子·梁惠王上》:王曰:「叟不遠千里而,亦將有以利吾國乎?」
The king said, 'Venerable sir, since you have not counted it far to come here, a distance of a thousand li, may I presume that you are provided with counsels to profit my kingdom?'
周易·繫辭下》:日往則月,月往則日,日月相推而明生焉。
The sun goes and the moon comes; the moon goes and the sun comes; - the sun and moon thus take the place each of the other, and their shining is the result.
吳越春秋·十三年》:今吳乃濟江淮喻千里而我壤土,戮我眾庶,賴上帝哀存,國猶不至顛隕。
lái ㄌㄞˊ (3): 回。 Return.
lái ㄌㄞˊ (4): 招致。 Incur, lead to.
莊子·應帝王》:且也虎豹之文田,猿狙之便、執嫠之狗來藉。
And moreover, it is the beauty of the skins of the tiger and leopard which makes men hunt them; the agility of the monkey, or (the sagacity of) the dog that catches the yak, which make men lead them in strings.
史記·孔子世家》:葉公問政,孔子曰:「政在遠附邇。」
lái ㄌㄞˊ (5): 將來,來日。 Will, in the future.
論語·微子》:往者不可諫,者猶可追。
As to the past, reproof is useless; but the future may still be provided against.
荀子·解蔽》:不慕往,不閔,無邑憐之心,當時則動,物至而應,事起而辨,治亂可否,昭然明矣。
lái ㄌㄞˊ (6): 從過去某時一直到現在,相當於「以來」。 Since, from some time until now.
墨子·明鬼下》:若是,何不嘗入一鄉一里而問之,自古以及今,生民以者,亦有嘗見鬼神之物,聞鬼神之聲,則鬼神何謂無乎?
So, then, why not go to some village or some district and inquire? If from antiquity to the present, and since the beginning of man, there are men who have seen the bodies of ghosts and spirits and heard their voice, how can we say that they do not exist?
孟子·公孫丑上》:自有生民以,未有孔子也。
Since there were living men until now, there never was another Confucius.
史記·天官書》:太史公曰:自初生民以,世主曷嘗不歷日月星辰?
戰國策》:今大國之地半天下,有二垂,此從生民以,萬乘之地未嘗有也。
新序·善謀》:今大國之地遍天下,有其二垂,此從生民以,萬乘之地,未嘗有也。
後漢書》:生民以,臣人之埶,未有便於此時者也。
lái ㄌㄞˊ (7): 表示大約的數字。 Approximate number.
lái ㄌㄞˊ (8.1): 助詞:賓語提前時置於謂語之前,用以強調賓語。 Particle: used when the object of a sentence is moved forward to emphasize the object.
詩經·谷風》:不念昔者、伊余塈。
You do not think of the former days, And are only angry with me.
lái ㄌㄞˊ (8.2): 助詞:湊音節。 Particle used to alter tempo.
lái ㄌㄞˊ (9): 語氣詞:表達祈使、勸勉、略等於「吧」、「啦」。 Modal particle expressing suggestion or encouragement.
孟子·離婁上》:孟子曰:「伯夷辟紂,居北海之濱,聞文王作,興曰:『盍歸乎!』」
Mencius said, 'Bo Yi, that he might avoid Zhou, was dwelling on the coast of the northern sea. When he heard of the rise of king Wen, he roused himself, and said, "Why should I not go and follow him?'"
莊子·人間世》:雖然,若必有以也,嘗以語我
Nevertheless you must have some ground (for the course which you wish to take); pray try and tell it to me.
lài ㄌㄞˋ (10): 見「勞來」。 See 勞來.

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