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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+5175

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛
𠈯
同义字
𠡿
同义字

部首:+ 5笔 = 共7笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页186第33 康熙字典: 页127第10 辞海: 卷1页6210第2 GSR: 第759.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0244第04
表面结构:上:,下:。 具有相关结构:𠔊 。 Component of: 𠓫 𠡥 𨛪 𡇥 𭜾 𮏊 𠴇 𪻤 𮝶 𦛼 𭼑 𮀠 𠔦 [More]
国语发音:bīng ㄅㄧㄥ
粤语发音:bing1
唐代发音:*biæng biæng
说文解字:𠬞部》兵:械也。从廾持斤,并力之皃。
宋本广韵:广韵·下平声··》兵:戎也,周礼有司兵掌五兵五盾丗本曰蚩尤以金作兵器也。甫明切,一。
康熙字典:康熙字典·八部·》兵:〔古文〕𠈯𠡿《唐韵》甫明切《集韵》《韵会》晡明切《正韵》补明切,𠀤丙平声。《说文》械也。《增韵》戎器也。《世本》蚩尤以金作兵。兵有五,一弓,二殳,三矛,四戈,五戟。又执兵器从戎者曰兵。《礼·月令》命将帅选士厉兵。《周礼·夏官》中秋敎治兵。《广韵》戎也。又击敌曰兵之。《左传·定十年》公会齐景公于夹谷,齐犁弥使莱人以兵劫公。孔子以公退,曰:士兵之。《注》命士官击莱人也。又《礼·曲礼》死𡨥曰兵。《注》言能捍国难爲𡨥所杀者,谓爲兵也。又必良切,音浜。《诗·衞风》击鼓其镗,踊跃用兵。土国城漕,我独南行。《史记·天官书》五星同色,天下偃兵,百姓宁昌。《白虎通》武王望羊,是谓摄扬。盱目𨻰兵,天下富昌。◎按兵古音必良切,自《魏·王粲·刀铭》相时隂阳,制兹利兵。始与淸、呈、形、灵爲韵。《𨻰思王·孟冬篇》武官诫田,讲旅统兵。与淸、停爲韵。《赠丁仪王粲》诗:皇佐扬天惠,四海无交兵。与淸、城、名、声爲韵。《明帝·苦寒行》虽有吴蜀𡨥,春秋足耀兵。与龄、缨爲韵。又《韵补》叶犇谟切,音逋。《道藏歌》解带天皇寝,停驾高上兵。玉眞啓角节,翊衞自相扶。
反切:甫明 (《广韵·下平声··》)
英文翻譯:soldier, troops

原典出处

论语·颜渊》:
The requisites of government are that there be sufficiency of food, sufficiency of military equipment.
孟子·告子下》:曰:“吾闻秦楚构,我将见楚王说而罢之。”
Keng replied, 'I have heard that Qin and Chu are fighting together, and I am going to see the king of Chu and persuade him to cease hostilities.'
礼记·缁衣》:《兑命》曰:‘惟口起羞,惟甲胄起,惟衣裳在笥,惟干戈省厥躬。’
It is said in the Charge to Yue (III, viii, Sect. 2, 4), "It is the mouth which gives occasion to shame; they are the coat of mail and helmet which give occasion to war. The upper robes and lower garments (for reward) should not be taken (lightly from) their chests; before spear and shield are used, one should examine himself."
孝经·纪孝行》:居上而骄则亡,为下而乱则刑,在丑而争则
In a high situation pride leads to ruin; in a low situation insubordination leads to punishment; among equals quarrelsomeness leads to the wielding of weapons.
扬子法言》:狙诈之家曰:“狙诈之计,不战而屈人,尧舜也。”
The tacticians say: By planning tactics, one does not have to fight and can reduce the other's troops to submission. This was the way of Yao and Shun.
庄子·人间世》:昔者尧攻丛枝、胥敖,禹攻有扈,国为虚厉,身为刑戮,其用不止,其求实无已。
(Again), Yao anciently attacked (the states of) Cong-qi and Xu-ao, and Yu attacked the ruler of Hu. Those states were left empty, and with no one to continue their population, the people being exterminated. They had engaged in war without ceasing; their craving for whatever they could get was insatiable.
道德经》:以道佐人主者,不以强天下。
He who would assist a lord of men in harmony with the Dao will not assert his mastery in the kingdom by force of arms.
商君书·更法》:礼法以时而定,制令各顺其宜,甲器备各便其用。
As rites and laws were fixed in accordance with what was opportune, regulations and orders were all expedient, and weapons, armour, implements and equipment were all practical.
孙子兵法·始计》:孙子曰:者,国之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也。
Sunzi said: The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected.
荀子·大略》:非其人而教之,赍盗粮,借贼也。
说苑·杂言》:譬之犹渴而穿井,临难而后铸,虽疾从而不及也。
春秋繁露·竹林》:今纵不能如是,奈何其父卒未逾年即以丧举也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:少以敌众,弱以侮强,忿不量力者,共杀之。
大戴礼记·主言》:是以革不动而威,用利不施而亲,此之谓‘明主之守也,折冲乎千里之外’,此之谓也。
白虎通德论·礼乐》:武王起,前歌后舞。
新书·耳痹》:提邦以伐楚,五战而五胜,伏尸数十万,城郢之门,执高,伤五藏之实,毁十龙之锺,挞平王之墓。
新序·善谋下》:虽彭越、陈狶、卢绾之谋,九江燕代之,及吴楚之难,关东之,虽百万之师,犹不能以为害者,由保仁德之惠,守关中之固也。
中论·历数》:自是之后,战国构,更相吞灭,专以争强、攻取为务。
孔子家语·相鲁》:献酢既毕,齐使莱人以鼓謲,劫定公。
潜夫论·忠贵》:禹继父位,山、云屏事,诸壻专典禁,婚姻本族。
论衡·命义》:晏子所遭,可谓大矣,直指胸,白刃加颈,蹈死亡之地,当剑戟之锋,执死得生还。
太玄经·》:初一,冥始,火入耳,农辍马谷,尸将班于田。
风俗通义·五伯》:庄王僭号,自下摩上,观京师,问鼎轻重,恃强肆忿,几亡宋国,易子析骸,厥祸亦巨。
孔丛子·儒服》:子高适魏,会秦将至。
申鉴·时事》:若今依此科而崇其制,置尚武之官,以司马法选位,秩比博士,讲司马之典,简蒐狩之事,掌军功爵赏,小统于五校,大统于太尉,既周时务,礼亦宜之,周之末叶,革繁矣,莫乱于秦,民不荒殄。
新语·无为》:秦始皇帝设,为车裂之诛,以敛奸邪,筑长城于戎境,以备胡、越,征大吞小,威震天下,将帅横行,以服外国,蒙恬讨乱于外,李斯治法于内,事逾烦,天下逾乱,法逾滋而奸逾炽,马益设而敌人逾多,秦非不欲为治,然失之者,乃举措暴众,而用刑太极故也。
独断·卷上》:天子必有近臣,执陈于陛侧以戒不虞。
蔡中郎集·独断》:冬至阳气始,起,麋鹿解角,故寝鼓,身欲宁,志欲静,不听事,送迎五日,腊者,岁终大祭,纵吏民宴饮,非迎气,故但送不迎。
墨子·经说上》:1立反中、志工,正也。
列子·黄帝》:老聃曰:“强则灭。”
鶡冠子·近迭》:鶡冠子曰:“先。”
文子·道原》:循道理之数,因天地之然,即六合不足均也,听失于非誉,目淫于彩女,礼亶不足以放爱,诚心可以怀远,故莫憯乎志,镆铮为下寇,莫大于阴阳,而枹鼓为细,所谓大寇伏尸不言节,中寇藏于山,小寇遯于民间。
文始真经·三极》:师战蚁,置
列仙传·吕尚》:已而,果得钤于鱼腹中
老子河上公章句》:不以强天下。
韩非子·初见秦》:然而甲顿,士民病,蓄积索,田畴荒,囷仓虚,四邻诸侯不服,霸王之名不成,此无异故,其谋臣皆不尽其忠也。
慎子·逸文》:藏甲之国,必有遁。
谏逐客书》:臣闻地广者粟多,国大者人众,强则士勇。
管子·轻重戊》:桓公问于管子曰:“楚者,山东之强国也,其人民习战斗之道,举伐之,恐力不能过,弊于楚,功不成于周,为之奈何?”
吴子·图国》:吴起儒服以机见魏文侯。
六韬·上贤》:相不能富国强、调和阴阳以安万乘之主,正群臣,定名实,明赏罚,乐万民,非吾相也。

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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