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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+51B0

說文小篆

金文

同义字

异体字
同义字
𣲝
同义字

部首:+ 4笔 = 共6笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页199第24 康熙字典: 页131第24 辞海: 卷1页6740第1 GSR: 第899.b 汉语大字典: 卷1页0295第09
表面结构:左:,右:。 Component of: 𢬄 𭜯 𣑏 𥒜 𦀋 𨀰 𨋲
国语发音:bīng níng ㄅㄧㄥ ㄋㄧㄥˊ
粤语发音:bing1
唐代发音:*biəng biəng
说文解字:仌部》冰:水坚也。从仌从水。
宋本广韵:广韵·下平声··》冫:水冻也。《说文》本作仌。笔陵切。三。
广韵·下平声··》冰:上同。《说文》本。鱼陵切。
康熙字典:康熙字典·冫部·》冰:〔古文〕𣲝《唐韵》笔陵切《集韵》《韵会》悲陵切,𠀤逼平声。《说文》本作仌。《徐曰》今文作冰。《韩诗》说冰者,穷谷隂气所聚,不泄,则结而爲伏隂。《礼·月令》孟冬水始冰,仲冬冰益壮,季冬冰方盛。水泽腹坚,命取冰,冰以入。《周礼·天官》淩人共冰。秋刷冰室,冬藏春啓,夏颁冰。又《尔雅·释器》冰,脂也。《注》庄子云:肌肤若冰雪。冰雪,脂膏也。《疏》脂膏一名冰脂。又矢筒盖曰冰。《左传·昭二十五年》公徒释甲执冰而踞。《注》冰,椟丸盖。《疏》盛弓者也。或云:椟丸是箭筒,其盖可以取飮。又《集韵》《正韵》𠀤鱼陵切,音凝。同凝。《正韵》古文冰作仌,凝作冰。后人以冰代仌,以凝代冰。又《集韵》读去声,逋孕切。《唐书·韦思谦传》涕泗冰须。《注》谓涕著须而凝也。《李商隐诗》碧玉冰寒浆。又《韵补》叶笔良切,音近浜。《𨻰琳·大荒赋》心殷勤以伊感兮,愵永思以增伤。怅太息而揽涕,乃挥雹而泪冰。
考证:〔《韩诗外传》冰者,穷谷隂气所聚,不泄,则结爲伏隂。〕谨按韩诗外传无此语,查初学记引作韩诗。谨照初学记原文省外传二字。冰字上增说字。结字下增而字改。〔《正韵》古文冰作仌,凝作冰。后人以冰代仌,以凝伐冰。〕谨按文义伐冰改代冰。
反切:笔陵 (《广韵·下平声··》)
英文翻譯:ice; ice-cold

原典出处

论语·泰伯》:》云‘战战兢兢,如临深渊,如履薄
It is said in the Book of Poetry, 'We should be apprehensive and cautious, as if on the brink of a deep gulf, as if treading on thin ice.'
礼记·月令》:东风解冻,蛰虫始振,鱼上,獭祭鱼,鸿雁来。
The east winds resolve the cold. Creatures that have been torpid during the winter begin to move. The fishes rise up to the ice. Otters sacrifice fish. The wild geese make their appearance.
孝经·诸侯》:》云:“战战兢兢,如临深渊,如履薄
It is said in the Book of Poetry: Be apprehensive, be cautious, As if on the brink of a deep abyss, As if treading on thin ice.
墨子·辞过》:今则不然,厚作敛于百姓,以为美食刍豢,蒸炙鱼鳖,大国累百器,小国累十器,前方丈,目不能遍视,手不能遍操,口不能遍味,冬则冻,夏则餲1饐,人君为饮食如此,故左右象之。
With the present rulers all is different. They would heavily tax the people in order to enjoy elaborately the different meats and fish and turtle cooked in various wavs. (The lord of) a large state is served with a hundred courses and (that of) a small state, with tens of courses, which will cover a table space of ten square feet. The eyes cannot see all the dishes, the hands cannot handle them all, and the mouth cannot taste them all. In winter they will freeze, and in summer they sour. As the ruler serves himself thus, naturally his assistants imitate him.
庄子·逍遥游》:曰:“藐姑射之山,有神人居焉,肌肤若雪,淖约若处子,不食五谷,吸风饮露。”
And the other replied, (He said) that 'Far away on the hill of Gu Ye there dwelt a Spirit-like man whose flesh and skin were (smooth) as ice and (white) as snow; that his manner was elegant and delicate as that of a virgin; that he did not eat any of the five grains, but inhaled the wind and drank the dew.'
道德经》:涣兮若之将释。
Evanescent like ice that is melting away.
诗经·匏有苦叶》:士如归妻、迨未泮。
By the gentleman, who wishes to bring home his bride, [Is presented] before the ice is melted.
周易·䷁坤》:初六:履霜,坚至。
In the first SIX, divided, (we see its subject) treading on hoarfrost. The strong ice will come (by and by).
荀子·大略》:霜降逆女,泮杀止,十日一御。
说苑·谈丛》:人知粪田,莫知粪心,端身正心,全以至今,见亡知存,见霜知
春秋繁露·基义》:》曰“履霜坚”,盖言逊也。
韩诗外传·卷四》:故驷马之家,不持鸡豚之息,伐之家,不图牛马之入,千乘之君,不通货财,冢卿不修币施,大夫不为场圃,委积之臣,不贪市井之利。
大戴礼记·夏小正》:鱼陟负
白虎通德论·嫁娶》:》云:“士如归妻,迨未泮。
新书·道德说》:而为德,神载于德。
中论·虚道》:故语称救寒莫如重裘,止谤莫如修身,疗暑莫如亲,信矣哉。
孔子家语·观周》:》云:‘战战兢兢,如临深渊,如履薄
潜夫论·德化》:及其乖戾,天之尊也气裂,地之大也气动,山之重也气徙,水之流也气绝之,日月神也气蚀之,星辰虚也气陨之,旦有昼晦,宵有,大风飞车拔树,偾电为,温泉成汤,麟龙鸾凤,蝥蠈蝝蝗,莫不气之所为也。
论衡·吉验》:置之上,鸟以翼覆之,庆集其身。
太玄经·》:次二,𪃿鹅惨于,翼彼南风,内怀其乘。
风俗通义》:古者,日在北陆而藏,深山穷谷,其藏之也,黑牡秬黍,以享司寒。
孔丛子·叙世》:彦曰:“人之性分气度不同,有体貌亢䟽,色厉矜庄,仪容栗,似若能断,而当事少决,不遂其为者。”
申鉴·时事》:故履霜坚,非一时也,仲尼之祷,非一朝也。
蔡中郎集·蝉赋》:声嘶嗌以沮败,体枯燥以凝。
列子·周穆王》:冬起雷,夏造
文子·上德》:可折,夏木可结,时难得而易失。
文始真经·七釜》:关尹子曰:“人之力有可以夺天地造物者,如冬起雷,夏起,死尸能行,枯木能华,豆中摄鬼,杯中钓鱼,画门可开,土鬼可语,皆纯气所为,故能化万物。”
老子河上公章句》:涣兮若之将释,涣者,解散。
韩非子·用人》:争讼止,技长立,则强弱不觳力,炭不合形,天下莫得相伤,治之至也。
周髀算经·卷下》:北极左右,夏有不释之
淮南子·齐俗训》:此相为论,譬犹炭钩绳也。
吕氏春秋·爱类》:民寒则欲火,暑则欲,燥则欲湿,湿则欲燥。
邓析子·转辞》:明君之御民,若御奔而无辔,履而负重。
史记·周本纪》:而弃渠中上,飞鸟以其翼覆荐之。
春秋左传》:
逸周书·时训解》:立春之日,东风解冻,又五日,蛰虫始振,又五日,鱼上
晏子春秋》:景公令兵抟治,当腊月之间而寒,民多冻馁,而功不成。
吴越春秋》:冬常抱,夏还握火。
越绝书》:阊门外郭中冢者,阖庐室也。
盐铁论·刺权》:是以耕者释耒而不勤,百姓释而懈怠。
列女传·弃母姜嫄》:乃取置寒之上,飞鸟伛翼之。

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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