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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+5211

說文小篆

金文

楚系簡帛

部首:+ 4笔 = 共6笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页193第41 康熙字典: 页137第11 辞海: 卷1页7840第2 GSR: 第808.b 汉语大字典: 卷1页0324第15
表面结构:左:,右:。 Component of: 𡜇 𡶭 𭠩 𠝊 𬏄 𧊞 𮘉
国语发音:xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ
粤语发音:jing4
唐代发音:heng
说文解字:刀部》刑:刭也。从刀幵声。
宋本广韵:广韵·下平声··》刑:法也,礼曰刑者侀也,侀者成也,一成而不可变故君子尽心焉。《说文》刭也。
康熙字典:康熙字典·刀部·》刑:《唐韵》戸经切《集韵》《韵会》乎经切《正韵》奚经切,𠀤音形。《说文》刭也。从刀,幵声。又《玉篇》罚总名也。《易·丰卦》君子以折狱致𠛬。《礼·王制》𠛬者,侀也。侀者,成也。一成而不可变。又《尔雅·释诂》常也,法也。《疏》谓常法也。《·召诰》王位在德元,小民乃惟𠛬。用于天下,越王显。《注》王有首天下之德,民皆仪𠛬。用德于下,王德益显也。《·大雅》尚有典𠛬。《朱传》典𠛬,旧法也。又成也。《礼·学记》敎之不𠛬,其此之由乎。又《礼·礼运》𠛬仁讲让。《注》𠛬,犹则也。又与鉶通。《周礼·天官·内饔》羞修𠛬膴。《注》𠛬,羹器。《史记·太史公自序》啜土𠛬。《注》𠛬以盛羹也。又叶胡光切,音黄。《·大雅》罔敷求先王,克共明𠛬。《朱传》胡光反。又《玉篇》𠛬同㓝。
说文》𠛬本字。
考证:〔《礼·乐记》敎之不𠛬,其此之由乎。〕谨照原书乐记改学记。
反切:戸经 (《广韵·下平声··》)
英文翻譯:punishment, penalty; law

CTP Dictionary


xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (1): 处罚,惩治。 Punish.
孟子·梁惠王上》:及陷于罪,然后从而之,是罔民也。
When they thus have been involved in crime, to follow them up and punish them - this is to entrap the people.
史记·礼书》:一人而天下服。
荀子·议兵》:一人而天下服,罪人不邮其上,知罪之在己也。
春秋左传》:君子谓文公其能矣。
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (2): 割,杀。 Kill, put to death.
史记·吕太后本纪》:王陵曰:“高帝白马盟曰‘非刘氏而王,天下共击之’”
战国策》:豫让又漆身为厉,灭须去眉,自以变其容,为乞人而往乞,其妻不识,曰:“状貌不似吾夫,其音何类吾夫之甚也。”
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (3): 害,灾害。 Harm, disaster.
国语·越语下》:天地未形,而先为之征,其事是以不成,杂受其
管子·度地》:大寒大暑,大风大雨,其至不时者,此谓四
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (4.1): 刑法,法度。 Law, rules of punishment.
尚书·吕刑》:惟吕命,王享国百年,耄,荒度作,以诘四方。
In reference to the charge to the marquis of Lu: When the king had occupied the throne till he reached the age of a hundred years, he gave great consideration to the appointment of punishments, in order to deal with (the people of) the four quarters.
春秋左传》:君失其信,而国无,不亦难乎。
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (4.2): 以法治理。 Rule by law.
周礼·秋官司寇》:乃立秋官司寇,使帅其属而掌邦禁,以佐王邦国。
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (5.1): 铸造器物的模子。后作“型”。 A die used in casting.
荀子·强国》:范正,金锡美,工冶巧,火齐得,剖而莫邪已。
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (5.2): 法式,典范。 A model, an example.
诗经·》:虽无老成人、尚有典
Although you have not old experienced men, There are still the ancient statutes and laws.
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (6): 效法。 To emulate, imitate.
诗经·我将》:仪式文王之典、日靖四方。
I imitate and follow and observe the statutes of king Wen, Seeking daily to secure the tranquillity of hte kingdom.
春秋左传》:一人善,百姓休和。
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (7): 成,成就。 Achieve, establish.
礼记·大传》:亲亲故尊祖,尊祖故敬宗,敬宗故收族,收族故宗庙严,宗庙严故重社稷,重社稷故爱百姓,爱百姓故刑罚中,刑罚中故庶民安,庶民安故财用足,财用足故百志成,百志成故礼俗,礼俗然后乐。
From the affection for parents came the honouring of ancestors; from the honouring of the ancestor came the respect and attention shown to the Heads (of the family branches). By that respect and attention to those Heads all the members of the kindred were kept together. Through their being kept together came the dignity of the ancestral temple. From that dignity arose the importance attached to the altars of the land and grain. From that importance there ensued the love of all the (people with their) hundred surnames. From that love came the right administration of punishments and penalties. Through that administration the people had the feeling of repose. Through that restfulness all resources for expenditure became, sufficient. Through the sufficiency of these, what all desired was realised. The realisation led to all courteous usages and good customs; and from these, in fine, came all happiness and enjoyment
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (8): 通“xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ: 盛羹的瓦器。 Porcelain soup bowl.
史记·太史公自序》:食土簋,啜土,粝粱之食,藜霍之羹。
汉书·司马迁传》:饭土簋,歠土,畴粱之食,藜藿之羹。
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (9.1): 通“形(1.1)xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ: 形體。 Body, thing with form.
xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ (9.2): 通“形(5)xíng ㄒㄧㄥˊ: 表現,顯露。 Exhibit, show.
吕氏春秋·具备》:孔子曰:“丘尝与之言曰:‘诚乎此者乎彼’”

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