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中国哲学书电子化计划
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U+55C7

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甲骨文

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𠻮
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𤲝
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𤲷
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𤳋
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部首:+ 10笔 = 共13笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页526第33 康熙字典: 页202第05 辞海: 卷2页8720第6 GSR: 第926.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0665第11
表面结构:上:,下:。 Component of: 𠎸 𠟩 𠢳 𡫆 𭢲 𡀁 𢿿 𤗼 𤛷 𥜎 𬎓 [More]
国语发音: ㄙㄜˋ
粤语发音:sik1
说文解字:啬部》啬:爱瀒也。从来从㐭。来者,㐭而藏之。故田夫谓之啬夫。凡啬之属皆从啬。
宋本广韵:广韵·入声··》啬:爱惜也,又贪也,悭也,又积也,亦姓。《说文》作𠾂爱歰也,从来㐭来麦也,来者㐭而藏之故田夫谓之啬夫㐭音廪。
康熙字典:康熙字典·口部·》啬:〔古文〕𠻮𤲝𤳋𤲷《唐韵》所力切《集韵》《韵会》杀测切,𠀤音色。《说文》本作𠻮。爱涩也。从来从㐭。来者,㐭而藏之,故田夫谓之啬夫。《玉篇》爱也,悭贪也。《易·说卦传》爲吝啬。《左传·襄二十六年》啬于𥚽。《注》啬,贪也。又《老子·道德经》治人事天莫如啬。《注》啬者,有馀不尽用之意。又《史记·仓公传》脉啬而不属。又官名。《·胤征》啬夫驰。《注》啬夫,主币之官。《诗·小雅·田畯至喜笺》田畯,司啬,今之啬夫也。《史记·张释之传》虎圈啬夫。《注》正义曰:掌虎圈,百官表有乡啬夫,此其类也。又与穑同。《仪礼·特牲馈食礼》主人出写啬于房。《注》啬者,农力之成功。《前汉·成帝纪》服田力啬。
反切:所力 (《广韵·入声··》)
英文翻譯:miserly, thrifty, stingy; stopped up, constipated

原典出处

礼记·郊特牲》:蜡之祭也:主先,而祭司也。
In the ji sacrifice, the principal object contemplated was the Father of Husbandry. They also presented offerings to (ancient) superintendents of husbandry.
道德经》:治人事天莫若
For regulating the human (in our constitution) and rendering the (proper) service to the heavenly, there is nothing like moderation.
史记·殷本纪》:今女有众,女曰:‘我君不恤我众,舍我事而割政’。
Now, ye multitudes, you are saying, 'Our sovereign does not compassionate us; he disregards our husbandry, and his government is a cruel one.'
尚书·胤征》:惟时羲和颠覆厥德,沈乱于酒,畔官离次,俶扰天纪,遐弃厥司,乃季秋月朔,辰弗集于房,瞽奏鼓,夫驰,庶人走,羲和尸厥官罔闻知,昏迷于天象,以干先王之诛,《政典》曰:‘先时者杀无赦,不及时者杀无赦。’
Now here are the Xi and He. They have allowed their virtue to be subverted, and are besotted by drink. They have violated the duties of their office, and left their posts. They have been the first to let the regulating of the heavenly (bodies) get into disorder, putting far from them their proper business. On the first day of the last month of autumn, the sun and moon did not meet harmoniously in Fang. The blind musicians beat their drums; the inferior officers galloped, and the common people (employed about the public offices) ran about. The Xi and the He, however, as if they were (mere) personators of the dead in their offices, heard nothing and knew nothing - so stupidly went they astray (from their duties) in the matter of the heavenly appearances, and rendered themselves liable to the death appointed by the former kings. The statutes of government say, "When they anticipated the time, let them be put to death without mercy; when (their reckoning) is behind the time, let them be put to death without mercy."
周易·说卦》:坤为地,为母,为布,为釜,为吝,为均,为子母牛,为大舆,为文,为众,为柄,其于地也为黑。
Kun suggests the idea of the earth; of a mother; of cloth; of a caldron; of parsimony; of a turning lathe; of a young heifer; of a large waggon; of what is variegated; of a multitude; and of a handle and support. Among, soils it denotes what is black.
荀子·君道》:材人:愿悫拘录,计数纤,而无敢遗丧,是官人使吏之材也。
说苑·修文》:祝雍曰:“使王近于民,远于佞,于时,惠于财,任贤使能。”
春秋繁露·求雨》:夫亦齐三日,服青衣而立之。
大戴礼记·夏小正》:人不从。
白虎通德论·礼乐》:瑟者,也,闲也,所以惩忽宫商角则宜。
中论·慎所从》:矜勇有力,诈虐无亲,贪专利,功勤不赏,有一范增,既不能用,又从而疑之,至令愤气伤心,疽发而死。
孔子家语·致思》:鲁有俭者,瓦鬲煮食食之,自谓其美。
潜夫论·志氏姓》:会在河、伊之间,其君骄贪俭,减爵损禄,群臣卑让,上下不临。
论衡·明雩》:鲁文公间岁大旱,臧文仲曰:“修城郭,贬食省用,务劝分。”
太玄经·》:次五,不中不督,腐蠹之
申鉴·俗嫌》:爱亲、爱德、爱力、爱神,之谓,否则不宣,过则不澹。
独断·卷上》:、司、农、邮表畷、猫虎、坊、水庸、昆虫。
蔡中郎集·独断》:、司、农、邮表畷、猫虎、坊、水庸、昆虫。
鶡冠子·天则》:而乱益者,势不相牧也。
文子·守弱》:夫道,大以小而成,多以少为主,故圣人以道邪天下,柔弱微妙者见小也,俭损缺者见少也,见小故能成其大,见少故能成其美。
老子河上公章句》:莫若
韩非子·解老》:苟极尽则费神多,费神多则盲聋悖狂之祸至,是以之。
管子·山至数》:桓公问管子曰:“特命我曰:‘天子三百领,泰,而散大夫’,准此而行,如何?”
六韬·文启》:太公曰:“何忧何,万物皆得。”
淮南子·道应训》:譬白公之也,何以异于枭之爱其子也?
吕氏春秋·先己》:凡事之本,必先治身,其大宝
春秋左传》:许灵公如楚,请伐郑,曰,师不兴,孤不归矣,八月,卒于楚,楚子曰,不伐郑,何以求诸侯,冬,十月,楚子伐郑,郑人将御之,子产曰,晋楚将平,诸侯将和,楚王是故昧于一来,不如使逞而归,乃易成也,夫小人之性,衅于勇,于祸,以足其性,而求名焉者,非国家之利也,若何从之,子展说,不御寇,十二月,乙酉,入南里,堕其城,涉于乐氏,门于师之梁,县门发,获九人焉,涉于泛而归,而后葬许灵公。
逸周书·史记解》:斧小不胜柯者亡,昔有郐君俭,减爵损禄,群臣卑让,上下不临,后郐小弱,禁罚不行,重氏伐之,郐君以亡。
晏子春秋》:叔向问晏子曰:“吝爱之于行何如?”
战国策》:于战攻之患也。
汉书·王莽传下》:莽好空言,慕古法,多封爵人,性实遴,托以地理未定,故且先赋茅土,用慰喜封者。
前汉纪》:虎圈夫代尉对。
东观汉记·散句》:广汉坐论为鬼薪,输掖庭,后为暴室夫。
后汉书》:率能行容成御妇人术,或饮小便,或自倒悬,爱精气,不极视大言。
仪礼·觐礼》:夫承命,告于天子。
焦氏易林·旅之》:未济:请冀左耳,不我驱,与我父母。
说文解字·草部》:从草声。
释名·释言语》:省,也,曜约少之言也。
方言·第十》:亄、,贪也。
急就篇》:夫假佐扶致牢。
伤寒论》:太阳中风,阳浮而阴弱,阳浮者热自发,阴弱者汗自出,恶寒,淅淅恶风,翕翕发热,鼻鸣乾呕者,桂枝汤主之。

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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