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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+5728

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

部首:+ 3筆 = 共6筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁274第38 頁391第9 康熙字典: 頁223第10 辭海: 卷3頁1220第7 GSR: 第943.i 漢語大字典: 卷1頁0418第07
表面結構:Component of: 𭆩 𠈚 𠡘 𭓁 𭖘 𠱽 𢙮 𣑊 𫞼 𥒒 𥩴 𡖪 𭻟 𮔒 𨀬 𣄒 𩶦
國語發音:zài ㄗㄞˋ
粵語發音:zoi6
唐代發音:*dzhə̌i
說文解字:土部》在:存也。从土才聲。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上聲··》在:居也,存也。昨宰切,一。
廣韻·去聲··》在:所在。
反切:昨宰 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 昨代 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
英文翻譯:be at, in, on; consist in, rest

CTP Dictionary


zài ㄗㄞˋ (1): 存在,在世。 Exist, be alive.
論語·學而》:子曰:「父,觀其志。」
The Master said, "While a man's father is alive, look at the bent of his will."
禮記·內則》:父母,朝夕恒食,子婦佐餕,既食恒餕,父沒母存,冢子御食,群子婦佐餕如初,旨甘柔滑,孺子餕。
'While the parents are both alive, at their regular meals, morning and evening, the (eldest) son and his wife will encourage them to eat everything, and what is left after all, they will themselves eat. When the father is dead, and the mother still alive, the eldest son should wait upon her at her meals; and the wives of the other sons will do with what is left as in the former case. The children should have the sweet, soft', and unctuous things that are left.
列女傳·周南之妻》:故父母,當與時小同,無虧大義,不罹患害而已。
zài ㄗㄞˋ (2): 處於某種位置。 Be in a certain place.
論語·公冶長》:陳曰:「歸與!」
When the Master was in Chen, he said, "Let me return!"
孟子·公孫丑上》:如惡之,莫如貴德而尊士,賢者位,能者職。
If a prince hates disgrace, the best course for him to pursue, is to esteem virtue and honour virtuous scholars, giving the worthiest among them places of dignity, and the able offices of trust.
詩經·關雎》:關關雎鳩、河之洲
Guan-guan go the ospreys, On the islet in the river.
zài ㄗㄞˋ (3): 存問,問候。 Inquire after, pay one's respects to.
zài ㄗㄞˋ (4.1): 介詞:在於,由於。 Preposition: due to, being that.
孟子·離婁上》:孟子曰:「人之患好為人師。」
Mencius said, 'The evil of men is that they like to be teachers of others.'
荀子·勸學》:駑馬十駕,功不舍。
戰國策》:故夫善為王業者,勞天下而自佚,亂天下而自安,諸侯無成謀,則其國無宿憂也。
zài ㄗㄞˋ (4.2): 介詞:引出動作的處所、時間等。 Preposition: specifies location or time of an action - in, at.
論語·述而》:齊聞韶,三月不知肉味
When the Master was in Qi, he heard the Shao, and for three months did not know the taste of flesh.

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