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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+5750

說文小篆

楚系簡帛

同义字

异体字
部分同义字

部首:+ 4笔 = 共7笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页306第37 页420第52 康熙字典: 页225第15 辞海: 卷3页1710第1 GSR: 第12.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0423第12
表面结构:Merging of and . 具有相关结构:𭎂 。 Component of: 𨛏 𨹫 𠩜 𡘫 𡨠 𡯨 𡸄 𫐩 𢏬 𢒐 𡌚 𢚂 𣴳 [More]
国语发音:zuò ㄗㄨㄛˋ
粤语发音:co5 zo6
唐代发音:*dzhuɑ̀ *dzhuɑ̌
说文解字:土部》坐:止也。从土,从畱省。土,所止也。此与畱同意。
宋本广韵:广韵·上声··》坐:《释名》云:坐挫也,骨节挫屈也。徂果切,二。
广韵·去声··》坐:被罪。又藏果切。
康熙字典:康熙字典·土部·》坐:〔古文〕㘸《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤徂卧切,音座。行之对也。《礼·曲礼》坐如尸。《又》虚坐尽后,食坐尽前。又便坐,别坐之处。《前汉·文翁传》在便坐受事。又《后汉·宣秉传》秉修高节,光武特拜御史中丞,诏与司隶校尉中书令同专席而坐,京师谓之三独坐。又犹守也。《左传·桓十二年》楚伐绞,军其南门。绞人争出,驱楚役徒于山中。楚人坐其北门,而覆诸山下,大败之。又古者谓跪爲坐。《礼·曲礼》先生琴瑟书策在前,坐而迁之。《注》坐,跪也。又《律》有罪坐。《前汉·文帝纪》除收帑相坐律令。又罪人对理曰坐。《左传·僖二十八年》针庄子爲坐。又释氏大坐曰跏趺。《莲华经》结跏趺坐。又与座通。《前汉·梅福传》当戸牖之法坐。《注》正座也。又姓。见《姓苑》。又《集韵》徂果切,音睉。义同。○按坐有上去二音,字韵诸书训注皆同,惟《转注古音》坐注引《史记》高帝纪,遂坐上坐。《正义》云:前坐字,在果反,后坐字,在卧反。《字汇》行坐之坐读上声,非。《正字通》谓坐字在上声者,叶音也,亦非。本作𡋲。《说文》从土,从畱省,土所止也。隷作坐。
考证:〔《左传·桓十二年》楚人坐其北门,而覆其山下,大败之。〕谨照原文覆其山下改爲覆诸山下。〔本作𡊎。《说文》从土从留省,土所止也。〕谨照说文𡊎改𡋲。留改畱。
反切:才卧 (《四书章句集注·论语集注·先进第十一》) 徂果 (《广韵·上声··》) 徂卧 (《广韵·去声··》) 藏果 (《广韵·去声··》)
英文翻譯:sit; seat; ride, travel by

原典出处

论语·乡党》:齐,必变食,居必迁
When fasting, he thought it necessary to change his food, and also to change the place where he commonly sat in the apartment.
孟子·万章下》:晋平公之于亥唐也,入云则入,云则,食云则食。
There was the duke Ping of Jin with Hai Tang - when Tang told him to come into his house, he came; when he told him to be seated, he sat; when he told him to eat, he ate.
孝经·开宗明义》:,吾语汝。
Sit down again, and I will explain the subject to you.
扬子法言》:绍桀之后,纂纣之馀,法度废,礼乐亏,安而视天下民之死,无为平?
But as for those who inherited the throne after Jie and Zhou, when laws were abandoned and ritual and music were lost, to sit quietly and watch the death of all people under Heaven—would this have been wuwei?
墨子·非命上》:是故古之圣王发宪出令,设以为赏罚以劝贤,是以入则孝慈于亲戚,出则弟长于乡里,处有度,出入有节,男女有辨。
The ancient sage-kings published laws and issued orders to be standards of reward and punishment, and to encourage the virtuous and to obstruct the evil. And so the people were filial to their parents at home and respectful to the elders in the village or the district. They observed propriety in conduct, moderation in going out and coming in, and decency between men and women.
庄子·齐物论》:南郭子綦隐几而,仰天而嘘,嗒焉似丧其耦。
Nan-Guo Zi-Qi was seated, leaning forward on his stool. He was looking up to heaven and breathed gently, seeming to be in a trance, and to have lost all consciousness of any companion.
道德经》:故立天子,置三公,虽有拱璧以先驷马,不如进此道。
Therefore when the sovereign occupies his place as the Son of Heaven, and he has appointed his three ducal ministers, though (a prince) were to send in a round symbol-of-rank large enough to fill both the hands, and that as the precursor of the team of horses (in the court-yard), such an offering would not be equal to (a lesson of) this Dao, which one might present on his knees.
商君书·算地》:胜敌而草不荒,富强之功,可而致也。
If enemies are conquered and at the same time fields do not lie fallow, then without moving, the result will be obtained of having both wealth and strength.
礼记·奔丧》:妇人奔丧,升自东阶,殡东,西面,哭尽哀。
荀子·大略》:故其行效,其立效,其效,其置颜色、出辞气效。
说苑·修文》:曾子曰:“,吾语汝。”
春秋繁露》:夫妇,对而食,丧礼别葬,祭礼先臊,夫妻昭穆别位。
韩诗外传·卷一》:受子贡觞,迎流而挹之,奂然而弃之,促流而挹之,奂然而溢之,、置之沙上,曰:“礼固不亲受。”
大戴礼记》:孔子侍于哀公。
白虎通德论·》:故夫尊于朝,妻荣于室,随夫之行,故《礼郊特牲》曰:“妇人无爵,以夫之齿。”
新书·劝学》:今夫子之达,佚乎老聃,而诸子之材,不避荣跦,而无千里之远,重茧之患,亲与巨贤连席而,对膝相视,从容谈语,无问不应,是天降大命以达吾德也。
新序·善谋下》:于是高皇帝在雒阳南宫上台,见群臣往往相与沙中语。
中论·法象》:故立必磬折,必抱鼓。
孔子家语·大昏解》:孔子侍于哀公。
潜夫论·赞学》:是故造父疾趋,百步而废,而托乘舆,致千里。
论衡·命义》:性命在本,故《礼》有胎教之法:子在身时,席不正不
太玄经·》:测曰,“缩失时”、逋后也。
风俗通义》:俱去乡里,居缑氏城中,亦教授,养声价,伯大为议郎、益州太守,子敬辟司徒,公车徵
孔丛子·嘉言》:陈惠公大城,因起凌阳之台,未终而法死者数十人。
申鉴·杂言上》:勾践悬胆于,厉矣哉。
新语·道基》:是以君子握道而治,德而行,席仁而,杖义而强,虚无寂寞,通动无量。
独断·卷下》:正月朝贺,三公奉璧上殿,向御座北面,太常赞曰:“皇帝为君兴,三公伏,皇帝,乃进璧。”
蔡中郎集·独断》:正月朝贺,三公奉璧上殿,向御座北面,太常赞曰:“皇帝为君兴,三公伏,皇帝,乃进璧。”
列子·黄帝》:从口之所言,庚无利害,夫子始一引吾并席而
鶡冠子·道端》:天不开门户,使下相害也,进贤受上赏,则下不相蔽,不待事人贤士显不蔽之功,则任事之人莫不尽忠,乡曲慕义,化自端,此其道之所致德之所成也。
文子·精诚》:夫召远者使无为焉,亲近者言无事焉,唯夜行者能有之,却走马以粪,车轨不接于远方之外,是谓驰陆沉。
文始真经·四符》:关尹子曰:“有死立者,有死者,有死卧者,有死病者,有死药者。”
列仙传·琴高》:设祠,果乘赤鲤来,出祠中
老子河上公章句》:枯老者,不行道也。
韩非子·十过》:因静抚琴而写之
慎子·逸文》:行海者,而至越,有舟也。
管子·轻重丁》:管子曰:“惟反之以号令为可,请以令贺献者皆以鐻枝兰鼓,则必长什倍其本矣。”
孙子兵法·九地》:令发之日,士卒者涕沾襟,偃卧者涕交颐,投之无所往,则诸刿之勇也。
吴子·治兵》:其善将者,如漏船之中,伏烧屋之下,使智者不及谋,勇者不及怒,受敌可也。
六韬·文师》:文王乃斋三日,乘田车,驾田马,田于渭阳,卒见太公,茅以渔。
司马法·严位》:进跪。

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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