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中国哲学书电子化计划
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楚系簡帛

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字典出处:宋本广韵: 页253第18 康熙字典: 页242第38 辞海: 卷3页3310第3 GSR: 第970.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0416第01
表面结构:上:,下:。 具有相关结构: 。 Component of: 𡔛 王 𫸑 𡔜 𡆮 𬚯 売 𭐒 𤴶 [More]
国语发音:shì ㄕˋ
粤语发音:si6
唐代发音:*jrhiə̌
说文解字:士部》士:事也。数始于一,终于十。从一从十。孔子曰:“推十合一为士。”凡士之属皆从士。
宋本广韵:广韵·上声··》士:《说文》曰:事也,数始于一终于十从一十孔子曰推十合一爲士又姓左传晋大夫士蔿又汉复姓二氏古今人表有士思癸又士贞氏晋康公庶子士贞之后。锄里切,五。
康熙字典:康熙字典·士部·士部》士:《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤锄里切,音仕。四民士爲首。《·大雅》誉髦斯士。《礼·王制》命鄕论秀士,升之司徒,曰选士。司徒论选士之秀者,升之学,曰俊士。升于司徒者,不征于鄕,升于学者,不征于司徒,曰造士。大乐正论造士之秀者,升之司马,曰进士。又官总名。《·立政》庶常吉士。《礼·王制》天子之元士,诸侯之上士,中士,下士。又《孔安国曰》士,理官也,欲得其曲直之理也。《·舜典》帝曰:臯陶,汝作士。《左传·僖二十八年》士荣爲大士。又汉制,尝爵爲公侯夺免者,曰公士。又《前汉·邹阳传》武力鼎士。《注》能举鼎者。又《前汉·李寻传》拔擢天士。《注》能知天道者。又《后汉·李业传》王莽以业爲酒士。《注》时官酤酒,故置酒士。又侍从之士。《通鉴》唐杜如晦等十八学士,时谓之登瀛州。又士卒。《左传·丘甲注》革车一乘,甲士三人,步卒七十二人。《家语》孔子之宋,匡人以。甲士围之。又男子通称。《·周颂》有依其士。又女之有士行者曰女士。《·大雅》厘我女士。又《管子·牧民篇》有士经。《注》士,事也。经,常也。又《梵书》释子勤佛行者曰德士,无上士。又俗塐神像曰木居士。《韩愈诗》偶然题作木居士,便有无穷求福人。又《山海经》大荒西有国,名淑士。又士鄕。《后汉·郑𤣥传》昔齐置士鄕。《注》管仲相桓公,制国爲二十一鄕,工商之鄕六,士鄕十五。又县名,勇士县,属天水郡,见《后汉·西羌传》。又姓。陶唐之苗裔士蔿之后,爲士氏,见《统谱》。又复姓,汉士孙瑞,扶风人。又与事通。《·洛诰》见士于周。《注》悉来赴役也。《·豳风》勿士衔枚。《注》自今可勿爲行𨻰衔枚之事。又叶主矩切,音雨。《·大雅》赫赫明明,王命卿士。叶下父。父,音甫。《说文》士,事也。数始于一,终于十,从一从十。《集韵》本作𣎶。又与仕通。
反切:锄里 (《广韵·上声··》)
英文翻譯:scholar, gentleman; soldier

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原典出处

论语·里仁》:子曰:“志于道,而耻恶衣恶食者,未足与议也。”
The Master said, "A scholar, whose mind is set on truth, and who is ashamed of bad clothes and bad food, is not fit to be discoursed with."
孟子·尽心上》:桃应问曰:“舜为天子,皋陶为,瞽瞍杀人,则如之何?”
Tao Ying asked, saying, 'Shun being sovereign, and Gao Yao chief minister of justice, if Gu Sou had murdered a man, what would have been done in the case?'
礼记·缁衣》:叶公之顾命曰:‘毋以小谋败大作,毋以嬖御人疾庄后,毋以嬖御疾庄、大夫、卿。’
The duke of She in his dying charge said, "Do not by little counsels ruin great enterprises; do not for the sake of a favourite concubine provoke queen Zhuang; do not for the sake of a favourite officer provoke your grave officers - the Great officers or high ministers."
孝经·谏诤》:有争友,则身不离于令名。
If an inferior officer had a friend who would remonstrate with him, a good name would not cease to be connected with his character.
扬子法言·》:仲尼以来,国君将相,卿名臣,参差不齐,一概诸圣,撰《重黎》。
Since the time of Confucius, rulers of kingdoms, generals, chancellors, ministers, gentlemen, and famous officials have been variously and non-uniformly judged. I have uniformly judged them by the standards of the sage. Thus, I have written "Zhong and Li."
墨子·经上》:任,损己而益所为也。
Ren (bearing the weight of a responsibility) is an officer working to his own loss but to the advantage of those on whose behalf he acts.
庄子·人间世》:上徵武,则支离攘臂而游于其间。
When the government was calling out soldiers, this poor Shu would bare his arms among the others.
道德经》:古之善为者,微妙玄通,深不可识。
The skilful masters (of the Dao) in old times, with a subtle and exquisite penetration, comprehended its mysteries, and were deep (also) so as to elude men's knowledge.
商君书·农战》:夫民之不可用也,见言谈游事君之可以尊身也,商贾之可以富家也,技艺之足以糊口也。
But they will be of no use if they see that glib-tongued, itinerant scholars succeed in being honoured in serving the prince, that merchants succeed in enriching their families, and that artisans have plenty to live upon.
孙子兵法·始计》:曰:主孰有道,将孰有能,天地孰得,法令孰行,兵众孰强,卒孰练,赏罚孰明,吾以此知胜负矣。
In this wise: (1) Which of the two sovereigns is imbued with the Moral law? (2) Which of the two generals has most ability? (3) With whom lie the advantages derived from Heaven and Earth? (4) On which side is discipline most rigorously enforced? (5) Which army is stronger? (6) On which side are officers and men more highly trained? (7) In which army is there the greater constancy both in reward and punishment? By means of these seven considerations I can forecast victory or defeat.
荀子·大略》:古者匹夫五十而
说苑·君道》:虞人与芮人质其成于文王,入文王之境,则见其人民之让为大夫。
春秋繁露·王道》:周衰,天子微弱,诸侯力政,大夫专国,专邑,不能行度制法文之礼
韩诗外传·卷一》:王子比干杀身以成其忠,柳下惠杀身以成其信,伯夷叔齐杀身以成其廉,此三子者,皆天下之通也,岂不爱其身哉!
大戴礼记·主言》:孔子曰:“参,今之君子,惟与大夫之言之间也,其至于君子之言者甚希矣。”
白虎通德论·》:公者,加尊二王之后,侯者百里之正爵,上有可次,下有可第,中央故无二。
新书·修政语下》:政曰:治国之道,上忠于主,而中敬其,而下爱其民。
新序·善谋下》:此四人者年老矣,皆以上慢侮,故逃匿山中,义不为汉臣,然上高此四人。
中论·修本》:曾子曰:“任重而道远,仁以为己任,不亦重乎?”
孔子家语·相鲁》:曰:“,以兵之。”
潜夫论·赞学》:贫厄若彼,而能进学若此者,秀也。
论衡·命禄》:儒者明说一经,习之京师,明如匡穉圭,深如赵子都,初阶甲乙之科,迁转至郎博
太玄经·》:测曰,“升危”“斧梯”、失民也。
风俗通义》:缀文之,杂袭龙鳞,训注说难,转相陵高,积如丘山,可谓繁富者矣。
孔丛子·嘉言》:子贡谓之曰:“今子、也,位卑而图大。”
申鉴·政体》: 民不畏死,不可惧以罪,民不乐生,不可观以善,虽使禼布五教,咎繇作,政不行焉。
忠经·武备章》:卒从教,故师得利。
素书·遵义章》:贫游富者丧。
新语·道基》:故虐行则怨积,德布则功兴,百姓以德附,骨肉以仁亲,夫妇以义合,朋友以义信,君臣以义序,百官以义承,曾、闵以仁成大孝,伯姬以义建至贞,守国者以仁坚固,佐君者以义不倾,君以仁治,臣以义平,乡党以仁恂恂,朝廷以义便便,美女以贞显其行,烈以义彰其名,阳气以仁生,阴节以义降,《鹿鸣》以仁求其群,《关雎》以义鸣其雄,《春秋》以仁义贬绝,《诗》以仁义存亡,《乾》、《坤》以仁和合,《八卦》以义相承,《书》以仁叙九族,君臣以义制忠,《礼》以仁尽节,乐以礼升降。
独断·卷上》:及群臣庶相与言曰殿下、閤下、执事之属皆此类也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:却敌冠、前高四寸,通长四寸,后高三寸,监门卫服之,《礼》无文。
列子·天瑞》:不妻而感,思女不夫而孕。
鶡冠子·著希》:故人乖其诚,能隐其实情,心虽不说,弗敢不誉。
文子·精诚》:官府若无事,朝廷若无人,无隐,无逸民,无劳役,无怨刑,天下莫不仰上之象,主之旨,绝国殊俗莫不重译而至,非家至而人见之也,推其诚心,施之天下而已。
文始真经·四符》:若知道之,不见生,故不见死。
列仙传·方回》:尧聘以为闾,炼食云母,亦与民人有病者。
鬻子》:圣人在上,贤百里而有一人,则犹无有也。
老子河上公章句》:古之善为者,谓得道之君也。
韩非子·初见秦》:今天下之府库不盈,囷仓空虚,悉其民,张军数十百万
慎子·威德》:古者工不兼事,不兼官。
谏逐客书》:昔缪公求,西取由余于戎,东得百里奚于宛,迎蹇叔于宋,来丕豹、公孙支于晋。

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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