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中国哲学书电子化计划
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U+5927

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛
𠘲
同义字

部首:+ 0笔 = 共3笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页380第23 页419第33 康熙字典: 页248第01 辞海: 卷3页4230第3 GSR: 第317.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0520第01
表面结构:Merging of and . 具有相关结构:𠆣 𫢅 。 Component of: 𪥁 𫯛 𡗜 𡗓 𡗔 𡗛 𪥂 𫥰 𭑂 [More]
国语发音: dài tài ㄉㄚˋ ㄉㄞˋ ㄊㄞˋ
粤语发音:daai6
唐代发音:*dhɑ̀i
说文解字:大部》大:籒文大,改古文。亦象人形。凡大之属皆从大。
宋本广韵:广韵·去声··》大:小大也。《说文》曰:天大地大人亦大故大象人形又汉复姓五氏晋献公娶大狐氏楚襄王时有黄邑大夫大心子成史记秦将军大罗洪周礼大罗氏掌鸟兽者其后氏焉又大庭氏古天子之号其后氏焉又有大叔氏又虏复姓后魏末有南州剌史大野拔又虏三字姓周书蔡佑赐姓大利稽氏周末有尉回将军大莫于𤣥章后魏书南方大洛稽氏后改爲稽氏。徒盖切,八。
广韵·去声··》大:又唐盖切。
康熙字典:康熙字典·大部·大部》大:〔古文〕𠘲《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》徒盖切。《正韵》度柰切,𠀤音汏。小之对。《易·乾卦》大哉乾元。《老子·道德经》域中有四大,道大,天大,地大,王亦大。《庄子·天地篇》不同同之谓大。《则阳篇》天地者,形之大。隂阳者,气之大。又初也。《礼·文王世子》天子视学,大昕鼓徵。《注》日初明,击鼓徵召学士,使早至也。又徧也。《礼·郊特牲》大报天而主日。又肥美也。《仪礼·公食大夫礼》士羞,庶羞皆有大,赞者辨取庶羞之大,以授宾。《注》大,以肥美者特爲脔,所以祭也。又过也。《战国策》无大大王。又长也。《尔雅·释器》圭大尺二寸谓之玠。《疏》大,长也。又都大,官名。宋制有两都大,一提举茶马,一提点坑冶铸钱与提𠛬序官。又措大,士也。《书·言故事》穷措大,眼孔小,与钱十万贯,塞破屋子矣。又唐大,弓名,见《周礼·夏官》。又四大,地、水、火、风也,见《梵书·圆觉经》。又姓大。廷氏之后,见《风俗通》。又《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤他盖切,音忲。易:大和大极。书、诗:大王大师。礼:大羹大牢。𠀤音泰。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤唐佐切,音䭾。《杜甫·天狗赋》不爱力以许人兮,能绝目以爲大。又《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤吐卧切,音拕。猛也,甚也。《礼·童子不衣裘裳注》郑康成爲大温也。徐邈大音唾。又叶徒计切,音第。《·大雅》戎虽小子,而式弘大,叶厉泄愒败。《正字通》杨愼曰:大无音一驾切者,韵书二十二禡不收。考淮南子,宋康王世,有雀生鸇。占曰:小而生大,必霸天下。大叶下,古亦有一驾切之音。《说文》天大,地大,人亦大。象人形。《徐曰》本古文人字。一曰他达切,经史大太泰通。
反切:他盖 (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·尽心章句上》) 徒盖 (《广韵·去声··》) 唐佐 (《广韵·去声··》) 唐盖 (《广韵·去声··》)
相同读音: (《四书章句集注·论语集注·八佾第三》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·八佾第三》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·雍也第六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子罕第九》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·微子第十八》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》)
英文翻譯:big, great, vast, large, high

CTP Dictionary


ㄉㄚˋ (1.1): 与“小”相对。 Large, great.
论语·子路》:见小利,则事不成。
Looking at small advantages prevents great affairs from being accomplished.
孟子·滕文公上》:小同,则贾相若。
And with shoes which were of the same size.
春秋左传》:楚子伐陆浑之戎,遂至于雒,观兵于周疆,定王使王孙满劳楚子,楚子问鼎之小轻重焉,对曰,在德不在鼎,昔夏之方有德也,远方图物,贡金九牧,铸鼎象物,百物而为之备,使民知神奸,故民入川泽山林,不逢不若,螭魅罔两,莫能逢之,用能协于上下,以承天休,桀有昏德,鼎迁于商,载祀六百,商纣暴虐,鼎迁于周,德之休明,虽小,重也,其奸回昏乱,虽大,轻也,天祚明德,有所底止,成王定鼎于郏鄏,卜世三十,卜年七百,天所命也,周德虽衰,天命未改,鼎之轻重,未可问也
战国策》:臣未尝闻指于臂,臂于股,若有此,则病必甚矣。
ㄉㄚˋ (1.2): 大于,超过。 Exceed, be greater than.
荀子·天论》:天而思之,孰与物畜而制之!
战国策》:张仪南见楚王曰:“弊邑之王所说甚者,无大王。”
ㄉㄚˋ (1.3): 以...为大,尊崇。 Venerate, treat as being great.
ㄉㄚˋ (2): 多。 Many.
后汉书·酷吏列传》:且宰守旷远,户口殷
ㄉㄚˋ (3): 粗,厚。 Thick, coarse.
庄子·山木》:庄子衣布而补之,正緳系履而过魏王。
Zhuangzi in a patched dress of coarse cloth, and having his shoes tied together with strings, was passing by the king of Wei.
周礼·冬官考工记》:毂小而长则柞,而短则挚。
ㄉㄚˋ (4): 年长。 Elder.
史记》:从上入苑囿猎,与上同车,常谓上“兄”
ㄉㄚˋ (5): 敬辞:如“大人”、“大王”等。 Respectful term of address.
ㄉㄚˋ (6): 副词:表示程度高或范围广。 Adverb expressing high level or broad range.
孟子·滕文公上》:陈相见许行而悦,尽弃其学而学焉。
When Chen Xiang saw Xu Xing, he was greatly pleased with him, and, abandoning entirely whatever he had learned, became his disciple.
史记·梁孝王世家》:治宫室,为复道,自宫连属于平台三十馀里。
汉书·文三王传》:于是孝王筑东苑,方三百馀里,广睢阳城七十里,治宫室,为复道,自宫连属于平台三十馀里。
东观汉记》:济南安王康,多殖财货,治宫室,起内第,奴婢千四百人。
后汉书》:单于见诸军并进,恐怖,顾让韩琮曰:“汝言汉人死尽,今是何等人也?”
tài ㄊㄞˋ (7.1): 通“太”:最。 Most (superlative).
春秋左传》:上有立德,其次有立功,其次有立言。
tài ㄊㄞˋ (7.2): 通“太”:过分。 Too much.
诗经·巷伯》:彼谮人者、亦已甚。
Those slanderers, Have gone to great excess.
tài ㄊㄞˋ (8): 通“泰”:安定。 Peaceful, tranquil.
荀子·富国》:故儒术诚行,则天下而富,使而功,撞钟击鼓而和。

大牢
tài láo ㄊㄞˋ ㄌㄠˊ : 即“太牢tài láo ㄊㄞˋ ㄌㄠˊ: 古代祭祀宴會時,牛、羊、豬都具備為太牢。 Type of sacrifice requiring an ox, sheep, and pig.
礼记·王制》:天子社稷皆大牢,诸侯社稷皆少牢。
In sacrificing at the altars to the spirits of the land and grain, the son of Heaven used in each case a bull, a ram, and a boar; the princes, (only) a ram and a boar.
淮南子·人闲训》:孔子曰:“夫以人之所不能听说人,譬以大牢享野兽,以《九韶》乐飞鸟也。”
荀子·正论》:食饮则重大牢而备珍怪,期臭味,曼而馈,伐皋而食,雍而彻乎五祀,执荐者百馀人,侍西房。
春秋左传》:九月,丁卯,子同生,以大子生之礼举之,接以大牢,卜士负之,士妻食之,公与文姜宗妇命之,公问名于申繻,对曰,名有五,有信,有义,有象,有假,有类,以名生为信,以德名为义,以类命为象,取于物为假,取于父为类,不以国,不以官,不以山川,不以隐疾,不以畜牲,不以器币,周人以讳事神,名,终将讳之,故以国则废名,以官则废职,以山川则废主,以畜牲则废祀,以器币则废礼,晋以僖侯废司徒,宋以武公废司空,先君献武废二山,是以大物不可以命,公曰,是其生也,与吾同物,命之曰同。
墨子闲诂·节用中》:荀子·正论》篇云“食饮则重大牢而备珍怪
国语·周语上》:膳夫赞王,王歆大牢,班尝之,庶人终食。

大王
wáng ㄉㄚˋ ㄨㄤˊ : 对君主的尊称。 Respectful term of address for a ruler.
庄子·让王》:屠羊说曰:“大王失国,说失屠羊。”
That personage said, 'When our Great King lost his kingdom, I lost my sheep-killing.'
吕氏春秋·爱类》:墨子闻之,自鲁往,裂裳裹足,日夜不休,十日十夜而至于郢,见荆王曰:“臣北方之鄙人也,闻大王将攻宋,信有之乎?”

大夫
ㄉㄚˋ ㄈㄨ (1): 古代官阶之一。周代有上大夫、下大夫。 "Great officer", official title used in the Zhou dynasty.
孟子·万章下》:大国地方百里,君十卿禄,卿禄四大夫大夫倍上士,上士倍中士,中士倍下士,下士与庶人在官者同禄,禄足以代其耕也。
In a great State, where the territory was a hundred li square, the ruler had ten times as much income as his Chief ministers; a Chief minister four times as much as a Great officer; a Great officer twice as much as a scholar of the first class; a scholar of the first class twice as much as one of the middle; a scholar of the middle class twice as much as one of the lowest; the scholars of the lowest class, and such of the common people as were employed about the government offices, had for their emolument as much as was equal to what they would have made by tilling the fields.
礼记·玉藻》:天子素带朱里终辟,而素带终辟,大夫素带辟垂,士练带率下辟,居士锦带,弟子缟带。
The son of Heaven wore a girdle of plain white silk, with vermilion lining, and ornamented ends. (A ruler) wore a plain white girdle of silk, with ornamented ends; a Great officer, a similar girdle, with the ends hanging down; an ordinary officer, one of dyed silk, with the edges tucked in, and the ends hanging down; a scholar waiting to be employed, one of embroidered silk; and young lads, one of white silk.

大丈夫
zhàng ㄉㄚˋ ㄓㄤˋ ㄈㄨ : 有志气有作为的男子。 Great man, man of ambition and achievement.
孟子·滕文公下》:景春曰:“公孙衍、张仪岂不诚大丈夫哉?”
Jing Chun said to Mencius, 'Are not Gong Sun Yan and Zhang Yi really great men?'
道德经》:是以大丈夫处其厚,不居其薄。
Thus it is that the Great man abides by what is solid, and eschews what is flimsy.
韩非子·解老》:所谓大丈夫者,谓其智之大也。
淮南子·原道训》:是故大丈夫恬然无思,澹然无虑,以天为盖,以地为舆,四时为马,阴阳为御,乘云陵霄,与造化者俱。
史记·高祖本纪》:高祖常繇咸阳,纵观,观秦皇帝,喟然太息曰:“嗟乎,大丈夫当如此也!”
文子·道原》:老子曰:大丈夫恬然无思,惔然无虑,以天为盖,以地为车,以四时为马,以阴阳为御,行乎无路,游乎无怠,出乎无门。
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