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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+592B

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛

部首:+ 1笔 = 共4笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页78第9 页79第45 康熙字典: 页248第11 辞海: 卷3页6720第1 GSR: 第101.a 汉语大字典: 卷1页0521第01
表面结构:Component of: 𠂕 𠨶 𪞾 𪥃 𠔉 𠤱 𫲷 𭷀 𢗤 𢗲 𫭝 [More]
国语发音: ㄈㄨ ㄈㄨˊ
粤语发音:fu1 fu4
唐代发音:*bio bhio
说文解字:夫部》夫:丈夫也。从大,一以象簪也。周制以八寸为尺,十尺为丈。人长八尺,故曰丈夫。凡夫之属皆从夫。
宋本广韵:广韵·上平声··》夫:语助。又府符切。
广韵·上平声··》夫:丈夫又羌复姓后秦建威将军夫蒙大羌。
康熙字典:康熙字典·大部·大部》夫:《唐韵》甫无切《集韵》《韵会》风无切,𠀤音肤。男子通称。《礼·郊特牲》夫也者,以知帅人者也。《诗注》夫有传相之德,而可倚仗,谓之丈夫。又男女旣配曰夫妇。《·家人》夫夫妇妇。又先生长者曰夫子,妻称夫亦曰夫子。又《礼·曲礼》天子有后,有夫人。又妾曰如夫人。《左传·昭十七年》齐侯好内,多内宠,内嬖如夫人者六人。又官名。《礼·王制·大夫注》大夫者,扶进人者也。又《周礼·地官》十夫有沟,百夫有洫,千夫有浍,万夫有川。又十六以上不成丁,曰馀夫。又贩夫。《周礼·地官》夕时而市,贩夫贩妇爲主。《白乐天诗》楼暗攒倡妇,堤喧嗾贩夫。又执御行役曰仆夫。《·小雅》召彼仆夫,谓之载矣。又以我称人曰夫夫。《礼·檀弓》曾子指子游示人曰:夫夫也,爲习于礼者。又人名。黔夫,齐威王疆场四臣之一。又国名。丈夫国,在维鸟北,见《山海经》。又邑名。柴夫,属燕地,见《齐语》。又山名。夫夫山,在风伯山之东,见《山海经》。○按《续通考》引此作大夫。又武夫,石之次玉者。《前汉·董仲舒传》五霸比于三王,犹武夫之于美玉。别作玞砆。又数名。《前汉·食货志》六尺爲步,步百爲畮,畮百爲夫。又姓。又息夫,复姓。又《广韵》防无切《集韵》《韵会》冯无切《正韵》逢夫切,𠀤音扶。语端辞。《论语》夫仁者。又语已辞。《论语》如斯夫。又有所指之辞。《论语》夫二三子也。又草名。《尔雅·释草》柱夫摇车。《注》蔓生,细叶紫花,可食,俗呼爲翘摇车。又叶缚谋切,音浮。《𨻰琳诗》仲尼以圣德,行聘徧周流。遭斥戹𨻰蔡,归之命也夫。
反切:防无 (《广韵·上平声··》) 府符 (《广韵·上平声··》) 甫无 (《广韵·上平声··》)
相同读音: (《四书章句集注·大学章句·大学章句》) (《四书章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) (《四书章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) (《四书章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) (《四书章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) (《四书章句集注·中庸章句·中庸章句》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·雍也第六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·雍也第六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·雍也第六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·述而第七》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·泰伯第八》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子罕第九》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子罕第九》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子罕第九》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子罕第九》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·先进第十一》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·先进第十一》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·先进第十一》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·颜渊第十二》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子路第十三》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·子路第十三》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·宪问第十四》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·宪问第十四》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·宪问第十四》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·宪问第十四》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·卫灵公第十五》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·卫灵公第十五》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·卫灵公第十五》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·季氏第十六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·季氏第十六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·季氏第十六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·季氏第十六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·季氏第十六》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·阳货第十七》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·阳货第十七》) (《四书章句集注·论语集注·微子第十八》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·梁惠王章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·滕文公章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·离娄章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·离娄章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·离娄章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·离娄章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·离娄章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·万章章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·万章章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·万章章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·告子章句下》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·尽心章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·尽心章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·尽心章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·尽心章句上》) (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·尽心章句上》)
英文翻譯:man, male adult, husband; those

CTP Dictionary


ㄈㄨ (1.1): 成年男子的统称。 General term for adult men.
墨子·辞过》:宫无拘女,故天下无寡
And as women were not kept within the palace (to be spinsters) there were few bachelors in the empire.
诗经·黄鸟》:维此奄息、百之特。
And this Yansi, Was a man above a hundred.
战国策·秦攻邯郸》:闻‘三人成虎,十楺椎。’
ㄈㄨ (1.2): 特指成年劳动力。 Adult labourers in particular.
列子·汤问》:遂率子孙荷担者三,叩石垦壤,箕畚运于渤海之尾。
ㄈㄨ (1.3): 士兵。 Soldier.
战国策》:昔者吴与楚战于柏举,两御之间卒交。
ㄈㄨ (2): 大丈夫,对男子的美称。 Respectful term for a man.
春秋左传》:且成师以出,闻敌强而退,非也。
ㄈㄨ (3): 女子的配偶。 Husband.
孟子·梁惠王下》:老而无曰寡。
The old and husbandless, or widows.
ㄈㄨ (4): 古代井田制百亩为一夫。 Unit of area equal to one hundred mu.
说文解字·丘部》:古者九为井,四井为邑,四邑为丘。
周礼·地官司徒》:乃经土地而井牧其田野:九为井,四井为邑,四邑为丘,四丘为甸,四甸为县,四县为都,以任地事而令贡赋,凡税敛之事。
释名·释州国》:周制,九为井,其制似井字也。
ㄈㄨˊ (5): 指示代词,表示近指,相当于“这”、“这个”。 Demonstrative pronoun: this, these.
论语·先进》:子曰:“人不言,言必有中。”
The Master said, "This man seldom speaks; when he does, he is sure to hit the point."
春秋左传》:人之力不及此。
战国策》:王独不见蜻蛉乎?
ㄈㄨˊ (6.1): 语气词:用于句首,以提示下文或表示对某事进行判断。 Modal particle used at the start of a sentence for emphasis or to indicate an assertion.
墨子·小取》:辩者,将以明是非之分,审治乱之纪,明同异之处,察名实之理,处利害,决嫌疑
"Distinguishing" will be used to make clear the distinction between so and not-so; investigate the rules of order and chaos; make clear the locations of similarity and difference; examine the patterns of name and stuff; locate benefit and harm, and resolve doubts.
孟子·公孙丑上》:志,气之帅也。
The will is the leader of the passion-nature.
庄子·天地》:夫子曰:“道,覆载万物者也,洋洋乎大哉!”
The Master said, 'It is the Dao that overspreads and sustains all things. How great It is in Its overflowing influence!'
礼记·曲礼上》:礼者所以定亲疏,决嫌疑,别同异,明是非也
They are the rules of propriety, that furnish the means of determining (the observances towards) relatives, as near and remote; of settling points which may cause suspicion or doubt; of distinguishing where there should be agreement, and where difference; and of making clear what is right and what is wrong.
孝经·开宗明义》:子曰:“孝,德之本也,教之所由生也。”
The Master said, "(It was filial piety.) Now filial piety is the root of (all) virtue, and (the stem) out of which grows (all moral) teaching.
史记》:三年之丧,天下之通义也。
ㄈㄨˊ (6.2): 语气词:用于句中,起一种缓冲语气的作用。 Modal particle used in the middle of a sentence to soften the tone.
楚辞·离骚经》:乘骐骥以驰骋兮,来吾道先路。
ㄈㄨˊ (6.3): 语气词:用于句尾,表示感叹。 Modal particle used at the end of a sentence to express exclamation.
论语·雍也》:伯牛有疾,子问之,自牖执其手,曰:“亡之,命矣!”
Bo Niu being ill, the Master went to ask for him. He took hold of his hand through the window, and said, "It is killing him. It is the appointment of Heaven, alas!"
孟子·离娄下》:子濯孺子曰:‘今日我疾作,不可以执弓,吾死矣!’
Zi Zhuo Ru said, "To-day I feel unwell, so that I cannot hold my bow. I am a dead man!"
庄子·逍遥游》:则夫子犹有蓬之心也
Your mind, my master, would seem to have been closed against all intelligence!
礼记·檀弓下》:斯子也,必多旷于礼矣
This son must have committed many lapses in his observance of the rules of propriety!
道德经》:其细也
Would its smallness have been known!
韩非子·内储说下》:江芊曰:“呼役!”

夫子
ㄈㄨ ㄗˇ (1): 古代对男子的尊称。 Respectful term for a man.
论语·学而》:子禽问于子贡曰:“夫子至于是邦也,必闻其政,求之与?”
Zi Qin asked Zi Gong, saying, "When our master comes to any country, he does not fail to learn all about its government. Does he ask his information?"
孟子·梁惠王上》:夫子辅吾志,明以教我。
I wish you, my Master, to assist my intentions. Teach me clearly.
庄子·齐物论》:瞿鹊子问乎长梧子曰:“吾闻诸夫子,圣人不从事于务,不就利,不违害,不喜求,不缘道,无谓有谓,有谓无谓,而游乎尘垢之外。”
Qu Quezi asked Chang Wuzi, saying, 'I heard the Master (speaking of such language as the following): "The sagely man does not occupy himself with worldly affairs. He does not put himself in the way of what is profitable, nor try to avoid what is hurtful; he has no pleasure in seeking (for anything from any one); he does not care to be found in (any established) Way; he speaks without speaking; he does not speak when he speaks; thus finding his enjoyment outside the dust and dirt (of the world)."'
礼记·檀弓上》:夫子曰:“由,尔责于人,终无已夫?”
(but) the Master said, 'You, will you never have done with your finding fault with people?'
史记·孔子世家》:子贡曰:“夫子之文章,可得闻也。”
ㄈㄨ ㄗˇ (2): 丈夫。 Husband.
孟子·滕文公下》:女子之嫁也,母命之,往送之门,戒之曰:‘往之女家,必敬必戒,无违夫子!’
At the marrying away of a young woman, her mother admonishes her, accompanying her to the door on her leaving, and cautioning her with these words, 'You are going to your home. You must be respectful; you must be careful. Do not disobey your husband.'

夫人
rén ㄈㄨˊ ㄖㄣˊ : 衆人,人人。 The masses, people in general.
春秋左传》:夫人愁痛,不知所庇。
周礼·冬官考工记》:粤之无鎛也,非无鎛也,夫人而能为鎛也。
rén ㄈㄨ ㄖㄣˊ (1): 诸侯之妻。 Wife of the ruler of a vassal state.
论语·季氏》:邦君之妻,君称之曰夫人夫人自称曰小童。
The wife of the prince of a state is called by him "fu ren". She calls herself "xiao tong".
礼记·曲礼下》:天子之妃曰后,诸侯曰夫人,大夫曰孺人,士曰妇人,庶人曰妻。
The partner of the son of Heaven is called 'the queen;' of a feudal prince, 'the helpmate;' of a Great officer, 'the attendant;' of an (inferior) officer, 'the serving woman;' and of a common man ' 'the mate.'
史记·鲁周公世家》:齐襄公通桓公夫人
春秋左传》:惠公元妃孟子,孟子卒,继室以声子,生隐公,宋武公生仲子,仲子生而有文在其手,曰为鲁夫人,故仲子归于我,生桓公而惠公薨,是以隐公立而奉之。
管子·大匡》:鲁桓公夫人文姜,齐女也,公将如齐,与夫人偕行,申俞谏曰:“不可,女有家,男有室,无相渎也,谓之有礼。”
战国策》:齐王夫人死,有七孺子皆近。
rén ㄈㄨ ㄖㄣˊ (2): 天子之妾。 Concubine of the Son of Heaven.
rén ㄈㄨ ㄖㄣˊ (3): 对妇女的尊称。 Respectful term for a woman.
史记·高祖本纪》:老父相吕后曰:“夫人天下贵人。”
rén ㄈㄨ ㄖㄣˊ (4): 指妻子。 Wife.
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