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中国哲学书电子化计划
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U+5B50

說文小篆

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甲骨文

楚系簡帛

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𡐫
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𢀈
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𢀉
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𣕓
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部首:+ 0笔 = 共3笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页253第30 康熙字典: 页277第01 辞海: 卷3页9510第1 GSR: 第964.a 汉语大字典: 卷2页1006第06
表面结构:Component of: 𡤽 𡤿 𭒷 𡥁 𭒸 𡥂 𭒹 𠨯 𡥀 𫥱 𫲡 𡤾 𭒶 𡥄 𭒺 𡥅 [More]
国语发音: zi ㄗˇ ㄗ·
粤语发音:zi2
唐代发音:*tziə̌
说文解字:子部》子:十一月,阳气动,万物滋,人以为偁。象形。凡子之属皆从子。
宋本广韵:广韵·上声··》子:子息环济要略曰子犹孳也,孳恤下之称也,亦辰名。《尔雅》云:太歳在子曰困敦又殷姓又汉复姓十一氏左传郑大夫子人氏鲁大夫子服氏子家羁庄子有子桑扈皇子吿敖何氏姓苑有子乾子仲子工子革子臧子师等氏。即里切,八。
康熙字典:康熙字典·子部·子部》子:〔古文〕㜽𢀈𢀉𡐫𣕓《唐韵》卽里切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》祖似切,𠀤音梓。《说文》十一月阳气动,万物滋入,以爲称。《徐锴曰》十一月夜半,阳气所起。人承阳,故以爲称。又《广韵》息也。《增韵》嗣也。《易·序卦传》有男女,然后有夫妇。有夫妇,然后有父子。《白虎通》王者父天母地曰天子。天子之子曰元子。《·顾命》用敬保元子钊。又《仪礼·丧服》诸侯之子称公子。又凡适长子曰冢子,卽宗子也。其适夫人之次子,或衆妾之子,曰别子,亦曰支子。《礼·曲礼》支子不祭,祭必告于宗子。又男子之通称。《颜师古曰》子者,人之嘉称,故凡成德,谓之君子。《王肃曰》子者,有德有爵之通称。又自世妇以下自称曰婢子,见《礼记·曲礼》。又卿之妻曰内子。《仪礼·有司彻注》内子不荐笾。又《礼·檀弓》兄弟之子犹子也。又《前汉·严助传注》令子出就妇家爲赘壻,曰赘子。又人君爱养百姓曰子。又辰名。《尔雅·释天》太岁在子曰困敦。《前汉·律历志》孳萌于子。又《礼·王制》公侯伯子男,凡五等。《疏》子者,奉恩宣德。又左庶子,中庶子,官名。又国名。《括地志》子城,在渭州莘城县。又长子,县名。周史辛甲所封,后爲赵邑,属上党。又姓。《史记·殷本纪》契,母吞鳦子而生,故曰子氏。又复姓。《左传》郑大夫子人氏,鲁大夫子服氏,子家氏。又子细,犹分别。《北史·源思礼传》爲政当举大纲,何必太子细也。《正字通》子读若荠,方语别也。俗作仔细。又去声,才四切。《中庸》子庶民也。徐邈读。又与慈通。《礼·乐记》易直子谅之心,油然生矣。《韩诗外传》子谅作慈良。又叶济口切,音走。《前汉·班固叙传》侯王之祉,祚及孙子。公族蕃衍,枝叶畅茂。茂音某。又叶子德切,音则。《·豳风》旣取我子,无毁我室。《杨愼·古音丛目》与朱传同。
考证:〔女子亦称子。《礼·曲礼》夫人自称曰婢子。〕谨按自称曰婢子乃世妇以下之称,非夫人也。夫人自称曰小童,不曰婢子。据改自世妇以下自称曰婢子,见礼记曲礼。〔《尔雅·释岁》太岁在子曰困敦。〕谨照原书释岁改释天。
反切:即里 (《广韵·上声··》)
英文翻譯:offspring, child; fruit, seed of; 1st terrestrial branch

CTP Dictionary


ㄗˇ (1.1): 孩子,子嗣。兼指儿子和女儿。 Child, heir. Refers to both sons and daughters.
墨子·亲士》:虽有慈父,不爱无益之
Even the affectionate father will not love his useless sons.
论语·八佾》:或曰:“孰谓鄹人之知礼乎?”
Some one said, "Who say that the son of the man of Zou knows the rules of propriety!"
孟子·梁惠王下》:老而无曰独。
The old and childless, or solitaries.
史记·五帝本纪》:黄帝者,少典之,姓公孙,名曰轩辕
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
礼记·曲礼上》:凡为人之礼:冬温而夏凊,昏定而晨省,在丑夷不争
For all sons it is the rule: In winter, to warm (the bed for their parents), and to cool it in summer; in the evening, to adjust everything (for their repose), and to inquire (about their health) in the morning; and, when with their companions, not to quarrel.
说苑·建本》:曾子自以无罪,使人谢孔子,孔子曰:“汝闻瞽叟有名曰舜,舜之事父也,索而使之,未尝不在侧,求而杀之,未尝可得。”
ㄗˇ (1.2): 慈爱。 Love, charity.
礼记·礼运》:选贤与能,讲信修睦,故人不独亲其亲,不独其子,使老有所终,壮有所用,幼有所长,矜寡孤独废疾者,皆有所养。
They chose men of talents, virtue, and ability; their words were sincere, and what they cultivated was harmony. Thus men did not love their parents only, nor treat as children only their own sons. A competent provision was secured for the aged till their death, employment for the able-bodied, and the means of growing up to the young. They showed kindness and compassion to widows, orphans, childless men, and those who were disabled by disease, so that they were all sufficiently maintained.
战国策》:今欲并天下,凌万乘,诎敌国,制海内,元元,臣诸侯,非兵不可!
ㄗˇ (2.1): 古代对男子的美称。也用以尊称对方。 Respectful term for a man.
墨子·小取》:援也者,曰“然,我奚独不可以然也?”
"Leading" is saying, "You take it as so - why can I alone not take it as so?"
论语·学而》:曰:“学而时习之,不亦说乎?”
The Master said, "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application?"
孟子·梁惠王上》:之谓也。
This is verified, my Master, in your discovery of my motive.
庄子·逍遥游》:许由曰:“治天下,天下既已治也。”
Xu You said, 'You, Sir, govern the kingdom, and the kingdom is well governed.'
礼记·檀弓上》:曰:“仲子亦犹行古之道也。”
Bo-zi replied, 'Zhong-zi perhaps has done in this, like others, according to the way of antiquity.'
诗经·无衣》:岂曰无衣、与同裳。
How shall it be said that you have no clothes? I will share my lower garments with you.
ㄗˇ (2.2): 泛指人。 People in general.
ㄗˇ (3): 五等爵位中的第四等。 Fourth of the five levels of nobility.
礼记·王制》:王者之制:禄爵,公、侯、伯、、男,凡五等。
According to the regulations of emolument and rank framed by the kings, there were the duke; the marquis; the earl; the count; and the baron - in all, five gradations (of rank).
孝经·孝治》:子曰:“昔者明王之以孝治天下也,不敢遗小国之臣,而况于公、侯、伯、、男乎?”
The Master said, "Anciently, when the intelligent kings by means of filial piety ruled all under heaven, they did not dare to receive with disrespect the ministers of small states. How much less would they do so to the dukes, marquises, counts, and barons!"
史记》:周封五等:公,侯,伯,,男。
春秋繁露·奉本》:下至公、侯、伯、、男,海内之心悬于天子,疆内之民统于诸侯。
逸周书·职方解》:凡国,公、侯、伯、、男以周知天下。
国语·周语中》:其馀以均分公侯伯男,使各有宁宇,以顺及天地,无逢其灾害,先王岂有赖焉。
ㄗˇ (4): 十二地支的第一位。 First of the twelve earthly branches of the zodiac.
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