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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+5C0F

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

部首:+ 0筆 = 共3筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁297第5 康熙字典: 頁296第18 辭海: 卷4頁3820第1 GSR: 第1149.a 漢語大字典: 卷1頁0560第12
表面結構:Component of: 𠃝 𡭕 𡭖 𡭗 𡭘 𡆧 𡦾 𠀚 [More]
國語發音:xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ
粵語發音:siu2
唐代發音:*siɛ̌u
說文解字:小部》小:物之微也。从八,丨見而分之。凡小之屬皆从小。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上聲··》小:微也。私兆切,三。
康熙字典:康熙字典·小部·小部》小:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》私兆切《正韻》先了切,𠀤蕭上聲。《說文》物之微也。从八从亅。見而分之。《徐曰》亅,始見也。八,分也。始可分別也。《玉篇》細也。《易·繫辭》其稱名也小,其取類也大。《左傳·襄三十一年》君子務知大者遠者,小人務知小者近者。又《周禮·天官》有小卿,副貳,大卿,卽小宰等也。又狹隘也。《·仲虺之誥》好問則裕,自用則小。又輕之也。《左傳·桓十三年》莫敖狃於蒲騷之役,將自用也,必小羅。又《·邶風》慍于羣小。《註》小,衆妾也。又《韻輯》白小,魚名。又叶蘇計切,音細。《白居易·懺悔偈》無始劫來,所造諸罪。若輕若重,無大無小。了不可得,是名懺悔。
反切:私兆 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
英文翻譯:small, tiny, insignificant

CTP Dictionary


xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (1.1): 與「大」相對。 Small.
韓非子》:是以聖人不親細民,明主不躬事。
春秋左傳》:楚子伐陸渾之戎,遂至于雒,觀兵于周疆,定王使王孫滿勞楚子,楚子問鼎之大輕重焉,對曰,在德不在鼎,昔夏之方有德也,遠方圖物,貢金九牧,鑄鼎象物,百物而為之備,使民知神姦,故民入川澤山林,不逢不若,螭魅罔兩,莫能逢之,用能協于上下,以承天休,桀有昏德,鼎遷于商,載祀六百,商紂暴虐,鼎遷于周,德之休明,雖小,重也,其姦回昏亂,雖大,輕也,天祚明德,有所底止,成王定鼎于郟鄏,卜世三十,卜年七百,天所命也,周德雖衰,天命未改,鼎之輕重,未可問也。
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (1.2): 使變小。 Make small.
孟子·梁惠王下》:匠人斵而之,則王怒,以為不勝其任矣。
Should the workmen hew them so as to make them too small, then your Majesty will be angry, thinking that they will not answer for the purpose.
呂氏春秋·慎大》:凡大者,鄰國也。
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (1.3): 以為小,小看,輕視。 View as small.
孟子·盡心上》:孟子曰:「孔子登東山而魯,登太山而天下。」
Mencius said, 'Confucius ascended the eastern hill, and Lu appeared to him small. He ascended the Tai mountain, and all beneath the heavens appeared to him small.'
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (2.1): 細。 Thin.
周禮·冬官考工記》:而長則柞,大而短則摯。
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (2.2): 狹隘,不足。 Insufficient.
尚書·仲虺之誥》:好問則裕,自用則
He who likes to put questions, becomes enlarged; he who uses only his own views, becomes smaller (than he was).
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (3): 短暫。 Short (time), fleeting.
莊子·逍遙遊》:小知不及大知,年不及大年。
The knowledge of that which is small does not reach to that which is great; (the experience of) a few years does not reach to that of many.
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (4): 年幼。 Young.
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (5): 稍微,略。 Slightly, somewhat.
孟子·盡心下》:曰:「其為人也有才,未聞君子之大道也,則足以殺其軀而已矣。」
Mencius replied, 'He was a man, who had a little ability, but had not learned the great doctrines of the superior man. He was just qualified to bring death upon himself, but for nothing more.'
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (6.1): 低微。 Low level.
孟子·萬章下》:柳下惠,不羞汙君,不辭官。
Hui of Liu Xia was not ashamed to serve an impure prince, nor did he think it low to be an inferior officer.
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (6.2): 小人,地位低微的人。 A person of low rank.
呂氏春秋·行論》:因乃發使以反令燕王復舍。
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (6.3): 品質壞的人。 A person of bad moral character.
xiǎo ㄒㄧㄠˇ (7): 謙詞:如「小人」、「小子」等。 Humble term for oneself.

小人
xiǎo rén ㄒㄧㄠˇ ㄖㄣˊ (1): 地位低下的人。 Commoner.
論語·陽貨》:子曰:「唯女子與小人為難養也,近之則不孫,遠之則怨。」
The Master said, "Of all people, girls and servants are the most difficult to behave to. If you are familiar with them, they lose their humility. If you maintain a reserve towards them, they are discontented."
孟子·滕文公上》:有大人之事,有小人之事。
Great men have their proper business, and little men have their proper business.
xiǎo rén ㄒㄧㄠˇ ㄖㄣˊ (2): 無道德的人,與「君子」相對。 A mean man, a man with no morals.
墨子·非儒下》:應之曰:「古者羿作弓,伃作甲,奚仲作車,巧垂作舟,然則今之鮑函車匠皆君子也,而羿、伃、奚仲、巧垂皆小人邪?」
We answer him: In antiquity Yi invented the bow, Yu invented armour, Xi Zhong invented vehicles, and Qiao Cui invented boats. Would he say, the tanners, armourers, and carpenters of to-day are all superior men, whereas Yi, Yu, Xi Zhong, and Qiao Cui were all ordinary men?
論語·為政》:子曰:「君子周而不比,小人比而不周。」
The Master said, "The superior man is catholic and not partisan. The mean man is partisan and not catholic."
孟子·公孫丑下》:尹士聞之曰:「士誠小人也。」
When Yin Shi heard this explanation, he said, 'I am indeed a small man.'
荀子·不苟》:君子小人之反也:君子大心則敬天而道,小心則畏義而節。
xiǎo rén ㄒㄧㄠˇ ㄖㄣˊ (3): 對地位高於自己或平輩自稱德謙辭。 Humble way of referring to oneself used when speaker to a superior.
春秋左傳》:食舍肉,公問之,對曰:「小人有母,皆嘗小人之食矣,未嘗君之羹。」
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