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中国哲学书电子化计划
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U+5C45

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楚系簡帛

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字典出处:宋本广韵: 页61第42 页66第34 康熙字典: 页300第30 辞海: 卷4页4810第2 GSR: 第49.c' 汉语大字典: 卷2页0968第04
表面结构:左上:,右下:。 Component of: 𨛮 𡍄 𡨢 𭖱 𭝟 𤉸 𥚑 𦱅 𧹕 [More]
国语发音: ㄐㄩ ㄐㄧ
粤语发音:geoi1
唐代发音:giu
说文解字:尸部》居:蹲也。从尸古者,居从古。
宋本广韵:广韵·上平声··》居:语助见礼。
广韵·上平声··》居:当也,处也,安也。九鱼切,十四。
康熙字典:康熙字典·尸部·》居:〔古文〕㞐㝒《广韵》九鱼切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》斤于切,𠀤音车。《说文》凥处也。从尸,得几而止也。引孝经,仲尼凥,凥谓闲居,如此会意。今文作居。又《广韵》安也。《·盘庚》奠厥攸居。《礼·王制》凡居民,量地以制邑,度地以居民,地邑居民,必参相得。又《·舜典》五宅三居。《注》三居,谓周之夷服,镇服,蕃服也。又坐也。《论语·阳货》居,吾语女。又积也,蓄也。《·皋陶谟》懋迁有无化居。《注》化,易也。谓交易其所居积也。又《史记·平准书》富商𨍭谷百数,废居,居邑。《徐广注》废居,贮蓄之名。有所废,有所蓄,言乗时射利也。又止也。《礼·月令》季秋行春令,师兴不居。《疏》不休止也。又海鸟曰爰居。《鲁语》爰居止于鲁东门外。又姓。汉居般,封宋城侯。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤居之切,音基。语助辞。《礼·檀弓》公仪仲子之丧,舍其孙而立其子。檀弓曰:何居,我未之前闻也。《注》怪之之辞,犹言何故也。一说何居,犹言此义何处。居读如字,不必改音基。《集韵》通作其。又叶居御切,音据。《·召南》惟鸠居之。叶下御。《唐风》无巳太康,职思其居。叶下瞿。瞿去声。○按《说文》居,一训蹲。《长笺》以凥爲凥处,居爲蹲踞。《韵会》《正韵》收入御韵,引《》居居怀恶,不相亲比,是居有倨音。《正字通》云:蹲踞通作倨。居止,居处,与蹲踞,贵倨,从经史分见可也。
考证:〔《礼·曾子问》居,吾语女。〕谨按曾子问无此语,查系论语文。据改爲论语阳货。〔《前汉·食货志》富商𨍭谷百数,废居,居邑。《徐广注》废居,贮蓄之名。〕谨按徐广注见史记,不在食货志。谨改前汉食货志爲史记平准书。
反切:居之 (《广韵·上平声··》) 九鱼 (《广韵·上平声··》)
英文翻譯:live, dwell, reside, sit

CTP Dictionary


ㄐㄩ (1.1): 坐。 Sit down.
论语·阳货》:
Sit down.
庄子·达生》:
Sit down.
礼记·仲尼燕居》:子曰:“!”
The Master said, 'Sit down.'
荀子·宥坐》:门人进问曰:“夫少正卯鲁之闻人也,夫子为政而始诛之,得无失乎,”孔子曰:“,吾语女其故。”
国语·鲁语下》:,吾语女。
ㄐㄩ (1.2): 坐等,静等。 Wait.
管子·八观》:内者廷无良臣,兵士不用,囷仓空虚,而外有强敌之忧,则国而自毁矣。
ㄐㄩ (2.1): 居住。 Live, dwell.
墨子·小取》:于国,则为国。
Living within a state is living in the state.
孟子·梁惠王下》:孟子对曰:“昔者大王邠,狄人侵之,去之岐山之下焉。”
Mencius replied, 'Formerly, when king Tai dwelt in Bin, the barbarians of the north were continually making incursions upon it. He therefore left it, went to the foot of mount Qi, and there took up his residence.'
荀子·劝学》:故君子必择乡,游必就士,所以防邪辟而近中正也。
ㄐㄩ (2.2): 住处。 Dwelling, residence.
春秋左传》:问其名,不告而退,遂自亡也。
ㄐㄩ (2.3): 坟墓。 Tomb.
诗经·葛生》:夏之日、冬之夜、百岁之后、归于其
Through the [long] days of summer, Through the [long] nights of winter [shall I be alone], Till the lapse of a hundred years, When I shall go home to his abode.
ㄐㄩ (3.1): 所处的地位。 Rank, position occupied.
孟子·尽心上》:孟子曰:“王子宫室、车马、衣服多与人同,而王子若彼者,其使之然也。”
Mencius said, 'The residence, the carriages and horses, and the dress of the king's son, are mostly the same as those of other men. That he looks so is occasioned by his position.'
诗经·蟋蟀》:无已大康、职思其
But let us not go to great excess; Let us first think of the duties of our position.
ㄐㄩ (3.2): 居于君位的人。 Person occupying the rank of ruler.
春秋左传》:送往事,耦俱无猜,贞也。
ㄐㄩ (4): 安居。 Live peacefully.
春秋左传》:召诸侯而来,伐国而克,城竟莫校,王心不违,民其乎?
ㄐㄩ (5): 平居,平时。 Usually, normally.
论语·先进》:则曰:“不吾知也!”
From day to day you are saying, 'We are not known.'
道德经》:君子则贵左,用兵则贵右。
The superior man ordinarily considers the left hand the most honourable place, but in time of war the right hand.
ㄐㄩ (6): 处于。 Located in.
国语·周语中》:大国之间,而无此四者,其能久乎?
ㄐㄩ (7.1): 驻守,镇守。 Defend (a post), guard (a region).
史记·高祖本纪》:当此时,彭越将兵梁地,往来苦楚兵,绝其粮食。
ㄐㄩ (7.2): 留守。 Remain behind to handle matters.
国语·晋语一》:君行,太子,以监国也。
ㄐㄩ (8.1): 占,占有。 Have, possess.
道德经》:域中有四大,而王其一焉。
In the universe there are four that are great, and the (sage) king is one of them.
ㄐㄩ (8.2): 采用,取用。 Employ, implement.
战国策》:夫罢士露国,而多与天下为仇,则明君不也。
ㄐㄩ (9): 停留,停息。 Stop, rest, remain.
论语·为政》:子曰:“为政以德,譬如北辰,其所而众星共之。”
The Master said, "He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star, which keeps its place and all the stars turn towards it."
周易·系辞下》:易之为书也不可远,为道也屡迁,变动不,周流六虚,上下无常,刚柔相易,不可为典要,唯变所适,其出入以度,外内使知惧,又明于忧患与故,无有师保,如临父母,初率其辞,而揆其方,既有典常,苟非其人,道不虚行。
The Yi is a book which should not be let slip from the mind. Its method (of teaching) is marked by the frequent changing (of its lines). They change and move without staying (in one place), flowing about into any one of the six places of the hexagram. They ascend and descend, ever inconstant. The strong and the weak lines change places, so that an invariable and compendious rule cannot be derived from them; - it must vary as their changes indicate. The goings forth and comings in (of the lines) are according to rule and measure. (People) learn from them in external and internal affairs to stand in awe. (The book), moreover, makes plain the nature of anxieties and calamities, and the causes of them. Though (its students) have neither master nor guardian, it is as if their parents drew near to them. Beginning with taking note of its explanations, we reason out the principles to which they point. We thus find out that it does supply a constant and standard rule. But if there be not the Proper men (to carry this out), the course cannot be pursued without them.
ㄐㄩ (10): 储存。 Store, stockpile.
史记·酷吏列传》:使吏捕案汤左田信等,曰汤且欲奏请,信辄先知之,物致富,与汤分之,及他奸事。
ㄐㄩ (11): 蓄养。 Raise, rear (livestock).
诗经·巧言》:为犹将多、尔徒几何。
You form plans great and many, But your followers about you are few.
ㄐㄩ (12): 用在时间语词之前,表示经过的时间,相当于“过了”。 Used before times expressing time elapsed: after.
韩非子》:数月,有警,击鼓而民不赴,乃更令明号而民信之。
淮南子·人闲训》:数月,其马将胡骏马而归。
史记·项羽本纪》:数月,引兵攻亢父,与齐田荣、司马龙且军救东阿,大破秦军于东阿。
战国策》:有顷,倚柱弹其剑,歌曰:“长铗归来乎!”
汉书·陈胜项籍传》:数月,赵奉燕王母家属归之。
东观汉记·杜林》:数月,林遣子奉书曰:“将军内施九族,外有宾客,望恩者多。”
ㄐㄩˇ (13): 通“举”:举动。 Movement, action.
荀子·非相》:有小人之辩者,有士君子之辩者,有圣人之辩者:不先虑,不早谋,发之而当,成文而类,错迁徙,应变不穷,是圣人之辩者也。
ㄐㄩˋ (14): 通“倨”:傲慢。 Arrogant.
诗经·角弓》:莫肯下遗、式娄骄。
You are not willing to discountenance [those parties], And so they become [more] troublesome and arrogant.
ㄐㄩˋ (15): 通“倨”:直。 Straight.
史记·乐书》:故歌者,上如抗,下如队,曲如折,止如槁木,中矩,句中钩,累累乎殷如贯珠。
ㄐㄩˋ (16): 通“锯”:锯子。 Saw.
淮南子·本经训》:是以松柏箘露夏槁,江、河、三川绝而不流,夷羊在牧,飞蛩满野,天旱地坼,凤皇不下,句爪、牙、戴色、出距之兽,于是鸷矣。
ㄐㄧ (17): 语气词:表示感叹或疑问。 Modal particle expressing exclamation or questioning.
诗经·柏舟》:月诸、胡迭而微。
There are the sun and moon, - How is it that the former has become small, and not the latter?
春秋左传》:臧孙闻之曰,国有人焉,谁
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