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中國哲學書電子化計劃

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字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁24第24 康熙字典: 頁377第13 辭海: 卷5頁2410第2 GSR: 第1007.k 漢語大字典: 卷4頁2273第15
表面結構:上:,下:。 具有相關結構: 。 Component of: 𢘑 𢘗 𠊞 𣷡 𡲦 𦜦 𫁑 𨨩 𨵖 𩗻
國語發音:zhōng ㄓㄨㄥ
粵語發音:zung1
唐代發音:djiung
說文解字:心部》忠:敬也。从心中聲。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上平聲··》忠:無私也,敬也,直也,厚也,亦州名本漢臨江縣屬巴郡後魏置臨州貞觀爲忠州。
康熙字典:康熙字典·心部·》忠:《唐韻》陟弓切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》陟隆切,𠀤音中。《說文》敬也。《玉篇》直也。《增韻》內盡其心,而不欺也。《周禮·大司徒》一曰六德,知,仁,聖,義,忠,和。《疏》中心曰忠。中下从心,謂言出于心,皆有忠實也。又《六書精蘊》竭誠也。《·伊訓》爲下克忠。《傳》事上竭誠也。又不貳也。《詩·邶風·北風箋》詩人事君無二志,勤身以事君,忠也。又《廣韻》無私也。《左傳·成九年》無私,忠也。《後漢·任延傳》延曰:私臣不忠,忠臣不私。又厚也。《周語》忠非親禮。《註》厚也。又《諡法》危身奉上,險不辭難曰忠。又州名。古巴東郡,唐置忠州。又淵名。《山海經》忠極之淵。又叶陟良切,音張。《漢溧陽長潘乾𥓓》彬文烈武,扶弱抑强。龕刈骾雄,流惡顯忠。
考證:〔《周禮·地官》一曰六德,智,仁,聖,義,忠,和。《鄭疏》中心曰忠。〕謹按疏非鄭氏所作,謹照原書地官改大司徒。省鄭字。
反切:陟弓 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
英文翻譯:loyalty, devotion, fidelity

原典出處

論語·學而》:曾子曰:「吾日三省吾身:為人謀而不乎?」
The philosopher Zeng said, "I daily examine myself on three points: whether, in transacting business for others, I may have been not faithful."
孟子·盡心上》:其子弟從之,則孝弟信。
If the young in it follow his instructions, they become filial, obedient to their elders, true-hearted, and faithful.
禮記·緇衣》:子曰:「大臣不親,百姓不寧,則敬不足,而富貴已過也。」
The Master said, 'When the great ministers are not on terms of friendly intimacy (with the ruler), and the common people consequently are not restful, this is because the loyalty (of the ministers) and the respect (of the ruler) are not sufficient, and the riches and rank conferred (on the former) are excessive.'
孝經·事君》:子曰:「君子之事上也,進思盡,退思補過,將順其美,匡救其惡,故上下能相親也。」
The Master said, "The superior man serves his ruler in such a way that, when at court in his presence, his thought is how to discharge his loyal duty to the utmost, and when he retires from it, his thought is how to amend his errors. He carries out with deference the measures springing from his excellent qualities and rectifies him (only) to save him from what are evil. Hence, as the superior and inferior, they are able to have an affection for each other."
揚子法言》:以衛上,君念其賞。
If you show loyalty by protecting those above, the ruler's thoughts will be on rewards.
墨子·經上》:,以為利而強君1也。
To be zhong (to serve loyally/do one's utmost) is to be energetic in sustaining the responsibility when one deems something beneficial.
莊子·人間世》:夫事其君者,不擇事而安之,之盛也。
In the same way a subject finds his rest in serving his ruler, without reference to or choice of the business; and this is the fullest discharge of loyalty.
道德經》:國家昏亂,有臣。
When the states and clans fell into disorder, loyal ministers appeared.
商君書·農戰》:下賣權,非臣也,而為之者,以末貨也。
Selling power to inferiors is not proper for a loyal minister, but those who thus act do so for the sake of insignificant presents.
史記·五帝本紀》:少暤氏有不才子,毀信惡,崇飾惡言,天下謂之窮奇。
(The Emperor) Shaohao had a descendant devoid of ability, who overthrew good faith, hated loyalty, extolled specious and evil talk, and all the people called him Qiongji (Monster).
荀子·大略》:虞舜、孝己孝而親不愛,比干、子胥而君不用,仲尼、顏淵知而窮於世。
說苑·君道》:既成威德,民親以服,清白上通,巧佞下塞,諫者得進,信乃畜。
春秋繁露·玉杯》:事親亦然,皆孝之極也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:傳曰:不仁之至忽其親,不之至倍其君,不信之至欺其友。
大戴禮記·主言》:是故君先立於仁,則大夫,而士信、民敦、工璞、商愨、女憧、婦空空,七者教之志也。
白虎通德論·禮樂》:故「君使臣以禮,臣事君以
新書·脩政語下》:政曰:治國之道,上於主,而中敬其士,而下愛其民。
新序·善謀》:晉獻公用荀息之謀而禽虞,虞不用宮之奇而亡,故荀息非霸王之佐,戰國并兼之臣也,若宮之奇則可謂臣之謀也
中論·虛道》:言之不出,以未有嗜之者也。
孔子家語·相魯》:道不拾遺,男尚信,女尚貞順。
潛夫論·讚學》:夫此四子者,耳目聰明,信廉勇,未必無儔也,而及其成名立績,德音令問不已,而有所以然,夫何故哉?
論衡·命義》:及屈平、伍員之徒,盡輔上,竭王臣之節,而楚放其身,吳烹其尸。
太玄經·太玄告》:故有宗祖者則稱乎孝,序君臣者則稱乎,實告大訓。
風俗通義·六國》:懷王佞臣上官、子簡,斥遠臣。
孔叢子·論書》:於《大禹》、《皋陶謨》、《益稷》見禹、稷、皋陶之勤功勳焉。
申鑒·政體》:一曰不知,二曰不進,三曰不任,四曰不終,五曰以小怨棄大德,六曰以小過黜大功,七曰以小失掩大美,八曰以奸訐傷正,九曰以邪說亂正度,十曰以讒嫉廢賢能。
忠經·天地神明章》:昔在至理,上下一德,以徵天休,之道也。
素書·遵義章》:親讒遠者亡。
新語·道基》:聖人王世,賢者建功,湯舉伊尹,周任呂望,行合天地,德配陰陽,承天誅惡,剋暴除殃,將氣養物,明□設光,耳聽八極,目覩四方,進讒退,直立邪亡,道行姦止,不得兩張,□本理,杜漸消萌。
獨斷·卷上》:《小毖》、一章八句,嗣王求臣助己之所歌也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:《小毖》、一章八句,嗣王求臣助己之所歌也。
列子·湯問》:幾剋舉,隰朋諫曰:「君舍齊國之廣,人民之眾,山川之觀,殖物之阜,禮義之盛,章服之美,妖靡盈庭,良滿朝,肆咤則徒卒百萬,視撝則諸侯從命,亦奚羨於彼,而棄齊國之社稷,從戎夷之國乎?」
鶡冠子·天則》:以為奉教陳之臣,未足恃也。
文子·精誠》:信,君子之言,,君子之意,信形於內,感動應乎外,賢聖之化也。
列仙傳·東方朔》:作深淺顯默之行,或言,或詼語,莫知其旨。
鬻子》:能必,而不能必入。
老子河上公章句》:疾時惡直,用邪佞也。
韓非子·初見秦》:臣聞不知而言不智,知而不言不,為人臣不當死,言而不當亦當死。
慎子·知忠》:亂世之中,亡國之臣,非獨無臣也。
諫逐客書》:士不產於秦,而願者眾。
管子·輕重丁》:子欲盡於寡人能乎,故子毋復見寡人

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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