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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+662F

說文小篆

金文

楚系簡帛

異體字
𣆞
同義字

部首:+ 5筆 = 共9筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁241第3 康熙字典: 頁493第26 辭海: 卷6頁3910第1 GSR: 第866.a 漢語大字典: 卷2頁1497第05
表面結構:上:,下:𤴓。 Component of: 𭁼 𫡝 𬤊 𢁈 𤟥 𪧺 𢃰 𪩃 𭓒 𢆝 [More]
國語發音:shì ㄕˋ
粵語發音:si6
唐代發音:*zhiɛ̌
說文解字:是部》是:直也。从日、正。凡是之屬皆从是。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上聲··》是:是非也。《說文》曰:直也,又姓吴志云是儀本姓氏孔融嘲之曰氏字民無上乃改爲是焉又虜複姓四氏西魏有開府是云寶後魏書又有是連是婁是賁三氏。承紙切,十。
康熙字典:康熙字典·日部·》是:〔古文〕𣆞《唐韻》承紙切《集韻》《韻會》上紙切,𠀤音姼。《說文》作昰。直也。从日正。《釋名》是,嗜也,人嗜樂之也。《玉篇》是,是非也。《禮·曲禮》夫禮者,所以定親疎、決嫌疑、別同異、明是非也。又《博雅》是,此也。《易·乾卦》不見是而無悶。《又》是故居上位而不驕。又姓。《姓氏急就篇》是氏,吳有是儀,唐有是光。又《集韻》田黎切,音題。《公羊傳·僖十六年》是月者何,僅逮是月也。《註》是,月邊也。魯人語也。《釋文》是,如字。一音徒兮反。又與氏通。《前漢·地理志》氏爲莊公。《註》氏,與是同。古通用。又《韻補》叶市之切。《蔡邕·釋誨》予惟悼哉,害其若是。天高地厚,跼而蹐之。
反切:承紙 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
英文翻譯:indeed, yes, right; to be; demonstrative pronoun, this, that

CTP Dictionary


shì ㄕˋ (1): 直,正。 Straight.
周易·䷿未濟》:上九:有孚于飲酒,无咎,濡其首,有孚失
The topmost NINE, undivided, shows its subject full of confidence and therefore feasting (quietly). There will be no error. (If he) cherish this confidence, till he (is like the fox who) gets his head immersed, it will fail of what is right.
說文解字·是部》::直也。
漢書·谷永杜鄴傳》:》曰:「濡其首,有孚失
shì ㄕˋ (2): 正確。 Right, correct.
墨子·小取》:夫辯者,將以明非之分,審治亂之紀,明同異之處,察名實之理,處利害,決嫌疑。
"Distinguishing" will be used to make clear the distinction between so and not-so; investigate the rules of order and chaos; make clear the locations of similarity and difference; examine the patterns of name and stuff; locate benefit and harm, and resolve doubts.
孟子·公孫丑上》:非之心,非人也。
And that the feeling of approving and disapproving is essential to man.
莊子·秋水》:非之不可為分,細大之不可為倪。
He knows that the right and the wrong can (often) not be distinguished, and that what is small and what is great can (often) not be defined.
禮記·曲禮上》:夫禮者所以定親疏,決嫌疑,別同異,明非也。
They are the rules of propriety, that furnish the means of determining (the observances towards) relatives, as near and remote; of settling points which may cause suspicion or doubt; of distinguishing where there should be agreement, and where difference; and of making clear what is right and what is wrong.
韓非子·姦劫弒臣》:人主誠明於聖人之術,而不苟於世俗之言,循名實而定非,因參驗而審言辭。
淮南子·原道訓》:今人之所以眭然能視,䁝然能聽,形體能抗,而百節可屈伸,察能分白黑、視醜美,而知能別同異、明非者,何也?
shì ㄕˋ (3): 認爲正確,肯定。 Believe accurate, affirm.
墨子·小取》:世相與共之。
Everyone in the world takes these as so.
公孫龍子·跡府》:仲尼異『楚人』
荀子·脩身》:我而當者,吾友也。
shì ㄕˋ (4): 指示代詞:此。 Demonstrative pronoun: this.
論語·為政》:知之為知之,不知為不知,知也。
When you know a thing, to hold that you know it; and when you do not know a thing, to allow that you do not know it - this is knowledge.
孟子·梁惠王上》:穀與魚鼈不可勝食,材木不可勝用,使民養生喪死無憾也。
When the grain and fish and turtles are more than can be eaten, and there is more wood than can be used, this enables the people to nourish their living and mourn for their dead, without any feeling against any.
莊子·馬蹄》:時也,山無蹊隧,澤無舟梁。
At that time, on the hills there were no foot-paths, nor excavated passages; on the lakes there were no boats nor dams.
史記·五帝本紀》:而諸侯咸尊軒轅為天子,代神農氏,為黃帝。
The princes all agreed that Xuanyuan should be the Emperor in place of Shennong, under the title Huangdi.
禮記·檀弓上》:有子曰:「非君子之言也。」
You-zi said, 'These are not the words of a superior man.'
墨子·經說上》:利:得而喜,則利也。
shì ㄕˋ (5): 判斷詞。 Be (copula).
史記·刺客列傳》:襄子至橋,馬驚,襄子曰:「此必豫讓也。」
shì ㄕˋ (6): 助詞,用於前置賓語之後。 Auxiliary word, used after moving forward the object.
史記·齊太公世家》:唯大夫更立公子之當立者,唯命聽。
春秋左傳》:三月,克之,入自皇門,至于逵路,鄭伯肉袒牽羊以逆,曰,孤不天,不能事君,使君懷怒,以及敝邑,孤之罪也,敢不唯命聽。
春秋繁露》:唯命德慶。
呂氏春秋·行論》:宋公肉袒執犧,委服告病,曰:「大國若宥圖之,唯命聽。」
國語·晉語四》:唯命聽。
儀禮·士昬禮》:對曰:「某既前受命矣,唯命聽。」

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