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中国哲学书电子化计划
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楚系簡帛

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字典出处:宋本广韵: 页452第37 康熙字典: 页509第01 辞海: 卷6页6250第5 GSR: 第1212.a 汉语大字典: 卷2页1149第06
表面结构:Component of: 𬂜 𣎶 𣎷 𭩘 𣎺 𣎻 𣎽 𣎸 [More]
国语发音: ㄇㄨˋ
粤语发音:muk6
唐代发音:*muk
说文解字:木部》木:冒也。冒地而生。东方之行。从屮,下象其根。凡木之属皆从木。
宋本广韵:广韵·入声··》木:树木。《说文》曰:木冒也,冒地而生东方足行又姓木华字𤣥虚作海赋。莫卜切,十二。
康熙字典:康熙字典·木部·木部》木:《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤莫卜切,音沐。《说文》冒也。冒地而生,东方之行。从屮,下象其根。《徐锴曰》屮者,木始申坼也,万物皆始于微,故木从屮。《白虎通》木之爲言触也。《玉篇》燧人氏钻出火也。《·洪范》五行:一曰水、二曰火、三曰木、四曰金、五曰土。《易·说卦传》𢁉爲木。《疏》木可以揉曲直,卽𢁉顺之谓也。《礼·月令》某日立春,盛德在木。《疏》春则爲生,天之生育,盛德在于木位。又八音之一。《周礼·春官·太师》金石土革丝木匏竹。《注》木,柷敔也。又质朴。《论语》刚毅木讷近仁。又木强,不和柔貌。《前汉·周勃传》勃爲人木强敦厚。又析木,星次。《尔雅·释天》析木谓之津。又姓。《统谱》汉木仁,晋木华。又百济八姓,一曰木氏。又复姓,端木。又叶末各切,音莫。《马融·广成颂》隂慝害作,百卉毕落。林衡戒田,焚林柞木。《韵会》从丨。丨,古本切。非从亅。亅,其月切。
反切:莫卜 (《广韵·入声··》)
英文翻譯:tree; wood, lumber; wooden

原典出处

论语·八佾》:天下之无道也久矣,天将以夫子为铎。
The kingdom has long been without the principles of truth and right; Heaven is going to use your master as a bell with its wooden tongue.
孟子·尽心上》:孟子曰:“舜之居深山之中,与石居,与鹿豕游,其所以异于深山之野人者几希。”
Mencius said, 'When Shun was living amid the deep retired mountains, dwelling with the trees and rocks, and wandering among the deer and swine, the difference between him and the rude inhabitants of those remote hills appeared very small.'
礼记·曲礼下》:为宫室,不斩于丘
In building a house, he will not cut down the trees on his grave-mounds.
扬子法言》:如将复驾其说,则莫若使诸儒金口而舌。
If they again harnessed up the cart, then nothing could be better than to make all ru to have metal mouths with wooden tongues.
墨子·经说上》:纑:
1虚也者,两之间,谓其无者也。
'Empty': of the interval between the two pieces of wood, it refers to where there is no wood.
庄子·齐物论》:形固可使如槁,而心固可使如死灰乎?
Can the body be made to become thus like a withered tree, and the mind to become like slaked lime?
道德经》:万物草之生也柔脆,其死也枯槁。
(So it is with) all things. Trees and plants, in their early growth, are soft and brittle; at their death, dry and withered.
商君书·修权》:谚曰:“蠹众而折,隙大而墙坏。”
The saying runs: 'Many woodworms and the wood snaps, a large fissure and the wall collapses.'
孙子兵法·兵势》:任势者,其战人也,如转石,石之性,安则静,危则动,方则止,圆则行。
When he utilizes combined energy, his fighting men become as it were like unto rolling logs or stones. For it is the nature of a log or stone to remain motionless on level ground, and to move when on a slope; if four-cornered, to come to a standstill, but if round-shaped, to go rolling down.
史记·五帝本纪》:时播百谷草,淳化鸟兽虫蛾,旁罗日月星辰水波土石金玉,劳勤心力耳目,节用水火材物。
The planting of the crops, plants, and trees in their seasons, and the transformations of birds, beasts, insects, and moths. He also prepared a record of the movements of the sun, moon, and stars; the flow of the tides; and the properties of clay, stones, metals, and gems. He devoted much careful attention to these things, and his observation was applied to ascertaining how fire, water, wood, and other elements could be used economically.
荀子·大略》:婴贫无财,请假于君子,赠吾子以言:乘舆之轮,太山之也,示诸檃栝,三月五月,为帱采,敝而不反其常。
说苑·君道》:夫树曲者恶得直景,人君不直其行,不敬其言者,未有能保帝王之号,垂显令之名者也。
春秋繁露·十指》:生火,火为夏,天之端,一指也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:》曰:“南有乔,不可休思。”
大戴礼记·礼察》:汤武置天下于仁义礼乐而德泽洽,禽兽草广育,被蛮貊四夷,累子孙十馀世,历年久五六百岁,此天下之所共闻也。
白虎通德论·》:燧取火,教民熟食,养人利性,避臭去毒,谓之燧人也。
新书·春秋》:故贤主者不以草禽兽妨害人民,进忠正而远邪伪,故民顺附,而臣下为用。
新序·刺奢》:古者尧舜建诸侯,地方五千里,王必起此台,先以兵伐诸侯,尽有其地犹不足,又伐四夷,得方八千里乃足以为台趾,材之积,人徒之众,仓廪之储,数以万亿度。
中论·修本》:故《》曰:“习习谷风,惟山崔巍,何不死?”
孔子家语·问礼》:未有火化,食草之实、鸟兽之肉,饮其血,茹其毛。
潜夫论·赞学》:夫瑚簋之器,朝祭之服,其始也,乃山野之、蚕茧之丝耳。
论衡·幸偶》:长数仞之竹,大连抱之,工技之人,裁而用之,或成器而见举持,或遗材而遭废弃。
太玄经·》:次三,出于幽谷,登于茂,思其珍谷。
风俗通义》:风者、天气有寒暖,地形有险易,水泉有美恶,草有刚柔也。
孔丛子·论书》:孔子曰:“夫山、草植焉,鸟兽蕃焉,财用出焉,直而无私焉,四方皆伐焉。”
申鉴·杂言下》:是言情者,应感而动者也,昆虫草,皆有性焉,不尽善也
忠经·广为章》:成厦、非一之才,为国、资庶臣之力
新语·道基》:于是黄帝乃伐构材,筑作宫室,上栋下宇,以避风雨。
独断·卷上》:三公以罪免,亦赐策文,体如上策,而隶书以尺,一两行,唯此为异者也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:震者,也,言虙牺氏始以德王天下也
列子·天瑞》:金石也,火也,此积形之成乎地者也。
鶡冠子·王鈇》:天度数之而行,在一不少,在万不众,同如林,积如仓粟,斗石以陈,升委无失也。
文子·道原》:和阴阳,节四时,调五行,润乎草,浸乎金石,禽兽硕大,毫毛润泽,鸟卵不败,兽胎不殰,父无丧子之忧,兄无哭弟之哀,童子不孤,妇人不孀,虹霓不见,盗贼不行,含德之所致也。
文始真经·一宇》:无逐道,逐者、也。
列仙传·赤将子舆》:至尧帝时,为工。
老子河上公章句》:居善地,水性善喜于地,草之上即流而下,有似于牝动而下人也。
韩非子·有度》:故绳直而枉斫,准夷而高科削,权衡县而重益轻,斗石设而多益少。
慎子·威德》:地虽不忧人之贫,伐刈草必取己富焉,则地无事也。
管子·轻重己》:以春日至始,数四十六日,春尽而夏始,天子服黄而静处,朝诸侯卿大夫列士,循于百姓,发号出令曰:“毋聚大众,毋行大火,毋断大,诛大臣,毋斩大山,毋戮大衍,灭三大而国有害也。”
公孙龙子·通变论》:白足之胜矣,而不胜,是贼金也。
吴子·料敌》:吴子曰:“凡料敌有不卜而与之战者八:一曰疾风大寒,早兴寤迁,刊济水,不惮艰难。”

您可以参考该字词在本站先秦两汉汉代之后原典中之出处。


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