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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+6E38

說文小篆

金文

同義字

同義字

異體字

部首:+ 9筆 = 共12筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁204第46 康熙字典: 頁635第14 辭海: 卷8頁1340第2 GSR: 第1080.f 漢語大字典: 卷3頁1684第08
表面結構:左:,右:。 Component of: 𣛦 𪆎
國語發音:yóu liú ㄧㄡˊ ㄌㄧㄡˊ
粵語發音:jau4
唐代發音:*iou
說文解字:㫃部》游:旌旗之流也。从㫃汓聲。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·下平聲··》游:浮也,放也,又姓出馮翊廣平前燕慕容廆以廣平游䆳爲股肱。
康熙字典:康熙字典·水部·》游:〔古文〕汓《唐韻》以周切《集韻》《韻會》夷周切,𠀤音猷。水名。《水經注》淮水於淮浦縣枝分,北爲游水。又浮行也。《爾雅·釋水》順流而下曰遡游。《·秦風》遡游從之。又《周禮·天官》閽人,王宮每門四人,囿游亦如之。《註》游,離宮也。又《管子·首憲篇》分理以爲十游,游爲之宗。又《尚書·考靈曜》地有四游,常動而人不知。又玩物適情之意。《禮·少儀》士依於德,游於藝。又閒曠也。《禮·王制》無游民。又自適貌。《·小雅》愼爾優游。又枝葉扶疏貌。《·鄭風》隰有游龍。《傳》龍紅草也。《箋》游,猶放縱也。言紅草放縱枝葉于隰中。又《集韻》徐由切,音囚。義同。又《集韻》《正韻》𠀤力求切,音留。旌旗之旒也。本作斿。亦作旒。《左傳·桓二年》鞶厲游纓。又九游,星也。《史記·天官書》九游九星,在玉井西南。又《韻補》叶延知切,音移。《司馬相如·上林賦》拖蜺旌,靡雲旗。前皮軒,後道游。又叶衣虛切,音於。《萬震南州異物志贊》合浦之人,習水善游。上視層潭,如猿仰株。
考證:〔《禮·少儀》少依于德,游於藝。〕謹照原文少改士。于改於。
反切:以周 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
英文翻譯:to swim; float, drift; wander, roam

CTP Dictionary


yóu ㄧㄡˊ (1.1): 游水,在水中浮行。 Float, move in water.
詩經·谷風》:就其淺矣、泳之之。
Where it was shallow, I dived or swam across it.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (1.2): 泛指游泳。 Swimming.
韓非子·難勢》:夫待越人之善海遊者以救中國之溺人,越人善矣,而溺者不濟矣。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (1.3): 游涉,游渡。 Wade or swim across water.
禮記·祭義》:壹舉足而不敢忘父母,是故道而不徑,舟而不,不敢以先父母之遺體行殆。
He should not forget his parents in a single lifting up of his feet, and therefore he will walk in the highway and not take a by-path, he will use a boat and not attempt to wade through a stream - not daring, with the body left him by his parents, to go in the way of peril.
呂氏春秋·孝行》:故舟而不,道而不徑,能全支體,以守宗廟,可謂孝矣。
大戴禮記》:一舉足不敢忘父母,故道而不徑,舟而不,不敢以先父母之遺體行殆也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (2): 河流的一段。 Section of a waterway.
史記·項羽本紀》:項王出之國,使人徙義帝,曰:「古之帝者地方千里,必居上。」
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (3): 水流,水的直道。 Waterway.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (4): 飛翔。 Fly around, circle.
戰國策》:於江海,淹乎大沼,府噣鱔鯉,仰嚙蔆衡,奮其六翮,而凌清風,飄搖乎高翔,自以為無患,與人無爭也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (5): 活動著的。 Active, moving.
詩經·小戎》:環脅驅、陰靷鋈續、文茵暢轂、駕我騏馵。
With its slip rings and side straps, And the traces attached by gilt rings to the masked transverse; With its beautiful mat of tiger's skin, and its long naves; With its piebalds, and horses with white left feet.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (6.1): 飄蕩。 Float in the air.
史記》:相如既奏大人之頌,天子大說,飄飄有凌雲之氣,似天地之閒意。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (6.2): 虛浮不實。 Ethereal, unreal.
周易·繫辭下》:將叛者其辭慚,中心疑者其辭枝,吉人之辭寡,躁人之辭多,誣善之人其辭,失其守者其辭屈。
The language of him who is meditating a revolt (from the right) betrays his inward shame; that of him whose inward heart doubts about it diverges to other topics. The words of a good man are few; those of a coarse man are many. The words of one who slanders what is good are unsubstantial; those of him who is losing what he ought to keep are crooked.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (7): 揄揚,稱讚。 Praise, venerate.
戰國策·五國伐秦》:天下共講,因使蘇修天下之語,而以齊為上交,兵請伐魏,臣又爭之以死。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (8): 流傳。 Spread, hand down.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (9): 行走。 Walk.
禮記·曲禮上》:毋倨,立毋跛,坐毋箕,寢毋伏。
Do not saunter about with a haughty gait, nor stand with one foot raised. Do not sit with your knees wide apart, nor sleep on your face.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (10.1): 出遊,遊覽。 Tour, visit.
詩經·漢廣》:漢有女、不可求思。
By the Han are girls rambling about, But it is vain to solicit them.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (10.2): 遊覽的處所。 Place travelled to.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (10.3): 王侯建築在苑囿中的離宮。 Villa located in a garden.
周禮·天官冢宰》:閽人:王宮每門四人,囿亦如之。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (11.1): 遊樂。 Recreation.
呂氏春秋·貴直》:狐援說齊湣王曰:「殷之鼎陳於周之廷,其社蓋於周之屏,其干戚之音,在人之。」
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (11.2): 悠閒自得。 Leasurely and contented.
禮記·學記》:故君子之於學也,藏焉,修焉,息焉,焉。
Therefore a student of talents and virtue pursues his studies, withdrawn in college from all besides, and devoted to their cultivation, or occupied with them when retired from it, and enjoying himself.
呂氏春秋·誣徒》:達師之教也,使弟子安焉、樂焉、休焉、焉、肅焉、嚴焉。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (12): 外出求學,求官。 Travel for the purposes of study or official employment.
韓非子·和氏》:商君教秦孝公以連什伍,設告坐之過,燔詩書而明法令,塞私門之請而遂公家之勞,禁宦之民而顯耕戰之士。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (13.1): 遊説。 Persuade (a ruler).
呂氏春秋·長見》:公叔死,公孫鞅西秦,秦孝公聽之,秦果用彊,魏果用弱,非公叔痤之悖也,魏王則悖也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (13.2): 使遊説。 Send someone to persuade (a ruler).
墨子·耕柱》:子墨子使管黔敖高石子於衛,衛君致祿甚厚,設之於卿。
Mozi sent Guan Qin Ao to recommend Gao Shizi to Wei. The lord of Wei gave him heavy emoluments and ranked him among the ministers.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (14): 交往,交際。 Communication.
史記》:兩人相為引重,其如父子然。
大戴禮記·勸學》:是故君子靖居恭學,脩身致志,處必擇鄉,必就士,所以防僻邪而道中正也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (15): 蠶化而出。 Hatching of silkworms.
荀子·》:冬伏而夏,食桑而吐絲,前亂而後治,夏生而惡暑,喜濕而惡雨,蛹以為母,蛾以為父,三俯三起,事乃大已,夫是之謂蠶理。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (16): 演習。 Exercise, practice.
論語·述而》:子曰:「志於道,據於德,依於仁,於藝。」
The Master said, "Let the will be set on the path of duty. Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. Let perfect virtue be accorded with. Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts."
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (17): 枝葉舒展。 Unfurling of leaves.
詩經·山有扶蘇》:山有橋松、隰有龍。
On the mountain is the lofty pine; In the marshes is the spreading water-polygonum..
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (18): 古代行政區域名。 Type of administrative area.
管子·立政》:分里以為十為之宗。
liú ㄌㄧㄡˊ (19): 通「斿」、「旈」:旌旗上懸垂的飄帶。 Tassels of a flag.
戰國策》:王因取其之舟上擊之。

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