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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+6E38

說文小篆

金文

同义字

同义字

异体字

部首:+ 9笔 = 共12笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页204第46 康熙字典: 页635第14 辞海: 卷8页1340第2 GSR: 第1080.f 汉语大字典: 卷3页1684第08
表面结构:左:,右:。 Component of: 𣛦 𪆎
国语发音:yóu liú ㄧㄡˊ ㄌㄧㄡˊ
粤语发音:jau4
唐代发音:*iou
说文解字:㫃部》游:旌旗之流也。从㫃汓声。
宋本广韵:广韵·下平声··》游:浮也,放也,又姓出冯翊广平前燕慕容廆以广平游䆳爲股肱。
康熙字典:康熙字典·水部·》游:〔古文〕汓《唐韵》以周切《集韵》《韵会》夷周切,𠀤音猷。水名。《水经注》淮水于淮浦县枝分,北爲游水。又浮行也。《尔雅·释水》顺流而下曰遡游。《·秦风》遡游从之。又《周礼·天官》阍人,王宫每门四人,囿游亦如之。《注》游,离宫也。又《管子·首宪篇》分理以爲十游,游爲之宗。又《尚书·考灵曜》地有四游,常动而人不知。又玩物适情之意。《礼·少仪》士依于德,游于艺。又闲旷也。《礼·王制》无游民。又自适貌。《·小雅》愼尔优游。又枝叶扶疏貌。《·郑风》隰有游龙。《传》龙红草也。《笺》游,犹放纵也。言红草放纵枝叶于隰中。又《集韵》徐由切,音囚。义同。又《集韵》《正韵》𠀤力求切,音留。旌旗之旒也。本作斿。亦作旒。《左传·桓二年》鞶厉游缨。又九游,星也。《史记·天官书》九游九星,在玉井西南。又《韵补》叶延知切,音移。《司马相如·上林赋》拖霓旌,靡云旗。前皮轩,后道游。又叶衣虚切,音于。《万震南州异物志赞》合浦之人,习水善游。上视层潭,如猿仰株。
考证:〔《礼·少仪》少依于德,游于艺。〕谨照原文少改士。于改于。
反切:以周 (《广韵·下平声··》)
英文翻譯:to swim; float, drift; wander, roam

CTP Dictionary


yóu ㄧㄡˊ (1.1): 游水,在水中浮行。 Float, move in water.
诗经·谷风》:就其浅矣、泳之之。
Where it was shallow, I dived or swam across it.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (1.2): 泛指游泳。 Swimming.
韩非子·难势》:夫待越人之善海游者以救中国之溺人,越人善矣,而溺者不济矣。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (1.3): 游涉,游渡。 Wade or swim across water.
礼记·祭义》:壹举足而不敢忘父母,是故道而不径,舟而不,不敢以先父母之遗体行殆。
He should not forget his parents in a single lifting up of his feet, and therefore he will walk in the highway and not take a by-path, he will use a boat and not attempt to wade through a stream - not daring, with the body left him by his parents, to go in the way of peril.
吕氏春秋·孝行》:故舟而不,道而不径,能全支体,以守宗庙,可谓孝矣。
大戴礼记》:一举足不敢忘父母,故道而不径,舟而不,不敢以先父母之遗体行殆也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (2): 河流的一段。 Section of a waterway.
史记·项羽本纪》:项王出之国,使人徙义帝,曰:“古之帝者地方千里,必居上。”
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (3): 水流,水的直道。 Waterway.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (4): 飞翔。 Fly around, circle.
战国策》:于江海,淹乎大沼,府噣鳝鲤,仰啮菱衡,奋其六翮,而凌清风,飘摇乎高翔,自以为无患,与人无争也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (5): 活动著的。 Active, moving.
诗经·小戎》:环胁驱、阴靷鋈续、文茵畅毂、驾我骐馵。
With its slip rings and side straps, And the traces attached by gilt rings to the masked transverse; With its beautiful mat of tiger's skin, and its long naves; With its piebalds, and horses with white left feet.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (6.1): 飘荡。 Float in the air.
史记》:相如既奏大人之颂,天子大说,飘飘有凌云之气,似天地之闲意。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (6.2): 虚浮不实。 Ethereal, unreal.
周易·系辞下》:将叛者其辞惭,中心疑者其辞枝,吉人之辞寡,躁人之辞多,诬善之人其辞,失其守者其辞屈。
The language of him who is meditating a revolt (from the right) betrays his inward shame; that of him whose inward heart doubts about it diverges to other topics. The words of a good man are few; those of a coarse man are many. The words of one who slanders what is good are unsubstantial; those of him who is losing what he ought to keep are crooked.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (7): 揄扬,称赞。 Praise, venerate.
战国策·五国伐秦》:天下共讲,因使苏修天下之语,而以齐为上交,兵请伐魏,臣又争之以死。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (8): 流传。 Spread, hand down.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (9): 行走。 Walk.
礼记·曲礼上》:毋倨,立毋跛,坐毋箕,寝毋伏。
Do not saunter about with a haughty gait, nor stand with one foot raised. Do not sit with your knees wide apart, nor sleep on your face.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (10.1): 出游,游览。 Tour, visit.
诗经·汉广》:汉有女、不可求思。
By the Han are girls rambling about, But it is vain to solicit them.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (10.2): 游览的处所。 Place travelled to.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (10.3): 王侯建筑在苑囿中的离宫。 Villa located in a garden.
周礼·天官冢宰》:阍人:王宫每门四人,囿亦如之。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (11.1): 游乐。 Recreation.
吕氏春秋·贵直》:狐援说齐泯王曰:“殷之鼎陈于周之廷,其社盖于周之屏,其干戚之音,在人之。”
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (11.2): 悠闲自得。 Leasurely and contented.
礼记·学记》:故君子之于学也,藏焉,修焉,息焉,焉。
Therefore a student of talents and virtue pursues his studies, withdrawn in college from all besides, and devoted to their cultivation, or occupied with them when retired from it, and enjoying himself.
吕氏春秋·诬徒》:达师之教也,使弟子安焉、乐焉、休焉、焉、肃焉、严焉。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (12): 外出求学,求官。 Travel for the purposes of study or official employment.
韩非子·和氏》:商君教秦孝公以连什伍,设告坐之过,燔诗书而明法令,塞私门之请而遂公家之劳,禁宦之民而显耕战之士。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (13.1): 游説。 Persuade (a ruler).
吕氏春秋·长见》:公叔死,公孙鞅西秦,秦孝公听之,秦果用强,魏果用弱,非公叔痤之悖也,魏王则悖也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (13.2): 使游説。 Send someone to persuade (a ruler).
墨子·耕柱》:子墨子使管黔敖高石子于卫,卫君致禄甚厚,设之于卿。
Mozi sent Guan Qin Ao to recommend Gao Shizi to Wei. The lord of Wei gave him heavy emoluments and ranked him among the ministers.
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (14): 交往,交际。 Communication.
史记》:两人相为引重,其如父子然。
大戴礼记·劝学》:是故君子靖居恭学,修身致志,处必择乡,必就士,所以防僻邪而道中正也。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (15): 蚕化而出。 Hatching of silkworms.
荀子·》:冬伏而夏,食桑而吐丝,前乱而后治,夏生而恶暑,喜湿而恶雨,蛹以为母,蛾以为父,三俯三起,事乃大已,夫是之谓蚕理。
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (16): 演习。 Exercise, practice.
论语·述而》:子曰:“志于道,据于德,依于仁,于艺。”
The Master said, "Let the will be set on the path of duty. Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. Let perfect virtue be accorded with. Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts."
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (17): 枝叶舒展。 Unfurling of leaves.
诗经·山有扶苏》:山有桥松、隰有龙。
On the mountain is the lofty pine; In the marshes is the spreading water-polygonum..
yóu ㄧㄡˊ (18): 古代行政区域名。 Type of administrative area.
管子·立政》:分里以为十为之宗。
liú ㄌㄧㄡˊ (19): 通“斿”、“旈”:旌旗上悬垂的飘带。 Tassels of a flag.
战国策》:王因取其之舟上击之。

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