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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+7121

說文小篆

金文

楚系簡帛

同义字
简体字

同义字
𠘩
同义字
𣚨
同义字
𣟒
同义字

部首:+ 8笔 = 共12笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页72第30 康熙字典: 页673第26 辞海: 卷8页4820第4 GSR: 第103.a 汉语大字典: 卷3页2211第15
表面结构:Component of: 𠢬 𨝬 𨼊 𠓺 𢅊 𨖴 𫡟 𬍇 [More]
国语发音: ㄨˊ ㄇㄛˊ
粤语发音:mou4
唐代发音:*mio
说文解字:亡部》无:亡也。从亡无声。
宋本广韵:广韵·上平声··》无:有无也,亦汉复姓二氏楚熊渠之后号无庸其后爲氏又有无钩氏出自楚姓。武夫切,二十一。
康熙字典:康熙字典·火部·》无:〔古文〕𣟒𣚨𠘩《唐韵》武扶切《广韵》武夫切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》微夫切,𠀤音巫。《说文》亡也。《玉篇》不有也。《·舜典》刚而无虐,𥳑而无傲。又《益稷》懋迁有无化居。又《尔雅·释诂》虚无之闲也。《注》虚无皆有闲隙。《老子·道德经》万物生于有,有生于无。《周子·太极图说》无极而太极。又《礼·三年问》无易之道也。《注》无,犹不也。又县名。《前汉·地理志》越巂郡会无县。又姓。《正字通》汉无且明,无能。又《广韵》汉复姓无庸无钩,俱出自楚。又文无,药名。《古今注》相别赠之以文无。文无,一名当归。又《说文奇字》作无。《玉篇》虚无也。周易无字俱作无。又《集韵》或作亡。《诗·衞风》何有何亡。又通作毋。书,无逸。《史记·鲁世家》作毋逸。又通作毛。《后汉·冯衍传》饥者毛食。《注》衍集:毛作无。今俗语犹然。或古亦通乎。《佩觿集》河朔谓无曰毛。《通雅》江楚广东呼无曰毛。又《集韵》或作武。◎按礼器:诏侑武方。注:武当爲无,声之误也。郑注:明言其误。集韵合无,武爲一。非。《集韵》无或作无。韵会,𣞣本古文蕃𣞣字。篆借爲有无字。李斯变隷变林爲四点。〇按说文𣠮,从亡无声,在亡部。至蕃无之无,在林部。音义各别,不云相通。且有无与蕃无义尤相反,不应借用。玉篇集韵韵会俱非。韵会蕃无作蕃𣞣,尤非。又按读书通云:通作勿莫末没蔑微不曼瞀等字,或止义通,或止音近,实非一字也。读书通误。又梵言,南无呼那谟。那如拏之上声,谟音如摩,犹云归依也。
反切:武夫 (《广韵·上平声··》)
英文翻譯:negative, no, not; lack, have no

CTP Dictionary


ㄨˊ (1): 没有。 Not have.
墨子·小取》:有诸己不非诸人,诸己不求诸人。
Having it in oneself one do not oppose it in others; lacking it in oneself one do not seek it of others.
论语·为政》:子曰:“人而信,不知其可也。”
The Master said, "I do not know how a man without truthfulness is to get on."
孟子·梁惠王上》:察邻国之政,如寡人之用心者。
On examining the government of the neighboring kingdoms, I do not find that there is any prince who exerts his mind as I do.
庄子·逍遥游》:故曰:至人无己,神人功,圣人无名。
Therefore it is said, 'The Perfect man has no (thought of) self; the Spirit-like man, none of merit; the Sagely-minded man, none of fame.'
史记·五帝本纪》:四岳举鲧治鸿水,尧以为不可,岳强请试之,试之而功,故百姓不便。
The president of the four mountains recommended Gun as the proper person to look after the deluge. Yao regarded it as impracticable, but the president vehemently requested that he might be tried, so the trial was made, but without good results. Of old the people had felt that it was undesirable
礼记·玉藻》:故不杀牛,大夫故不杀羊,士故不杀犬、豕。
Without some cause for it, a ruler did not kill an ox, nor a Great officer a sheep, nor a lower officer a pig or a dog.
ㄨˊ (2): 古代哲学范畴,指虚无、空虚等。 Philosophical category referring to absence, non-existence, or vacuity.
道德经》:天下万物生于有,有生于
All things under heaven sprang from It as existing (and named); that existence sprang from It as non- existent (and not named).
ㄨˊ (3.1): 副词:表示否定,相当于“不”、“未”。 Adverb expressing negation: not.
墨子·小取》:杀盗人非杀人也,
盗无难
4矣。
Killing thieves is not killing men – there is nothing difficult in it!
论语·学而》:三年改于父之道,可谓孝矣。
If for three years he does not alter from the way of his father, he may be called filial.
诗经·日月》:乃如之人兮、德音良。
Here is the man, With virtuous words, but really not good.
商君书·农战》:民以此为教,则粟焉得少,而兵焉得弱也!
Where the people are given to such teachings, how can the grain be anything but scarce, and the soldiers anything but weak?
荀子·王霸》:不能当一人,而能当千百人者,说之有也。
ㄨˊ (3.2): 副词:表示疑问,相当于“否”。 Adverb expressing questioning: or not.
ㄨˊ (4.1): 连词:表示条件关系,相当于“无论”、“不论”。 Connective: regardless of.
史记·田儋列传》:以故田横复得收齐城邑,立田荣子广为齐王,而横相之,专国政,政巨细皆断于相。
ㄨˊ (4.2): 连词:表示假设关系,相当于“即使”。 Connective: even if.
春秋左传》:臧文仲曰,国小,不可易也,无备虽众,不可恃也。
ㄨˊ (5): 助词:用于句首,无实义。 Particle used at the beginning of a sentence, no meaning.
诗经·文王》:王之荩臣、念尔祖。
O ye loyal ministers of the king, Ever think of your ancestor!
ㄨˊ (6): 通“勿”、“毋”:表示禁止,相当于“不要”、“别”。 Do not.
孟子·梁惠王上》:曰:“王异于百姓之以王为爱也。”
Mencius pursued, 'Let not your Majesty deem it strange that the people should think you were grudging the animal.'
诗经·硕鼠》:硕鼠硕鼠、食我黍。
Large rats! Large rats! Do not eat our millet.
韩非子》:曰:“宁信度,自信也。”
尹文子·佚文》:狐曰:“子食我也。”
ㄨˊ (7): 通“芜”:荒芜。 Barren, uncultivated.
楚辞·九辩》:块独守此泽兮,仰浮云而永叹!
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