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中国哲学书电子化计划
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U+738B

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛

部首:+ 0笔 = 共4笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页177第22 页426第47 康熙字典: 页727第02 辞海: 卷8页8810第2 GSR: 第739.a 汉语大字典: 卷2页1099第10
表面结构:上:,下:。 Component of: 𭸵 𪻍 [More]
国语发音:wáng wàng ㄨㄤˊ ㄨㄤˋ ㄩˋ
粤语发音:wong4 wong6
唐代发音:*hiuɑng hiuɑ̀ng
说文解字:王部》王:天下所归往也。董仲舒曰:“古之造文者,三画而连其中谓之王。三者,天、地、人也,而参通之者王也。”孔子曰:“一贯三为王。”凡王之属皆从王。
宋本广韵:广韵·下平声··》王:大也,君也,字林云三者天地人一贯三爲王天下所法又姓出太原琅邪周灵王太子晋之后北海陈留齐王田和之后东海出自姫姓髙平京兆魏信陵君之后天水东平新蔡新野山阳中山章武东莱河东者殷王子比千爲纣所害子孙以王者之后号曰王氏金城广汉长沙堂邑河南共二十一望又汉复姓五氏左传晋有乐王鲋小王桃甲贾执英贤传云东莞有五王氏史记云出齐威王至建王五王之后风俗通云汉有中郎威王弼出自楚威王后汉有新丰令王史音。雨方切,又雨诳切,四。
广韵·去声··》王:霸王又盛也。又于方切。
康熙字典:康熙字典·玉部·玉部》王:《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》𠀤雨方切,音徨。《广韵》大也,君也,天下所法。《正韵》主也,天下归往谓之王。《易·坤卦》或从王事。又《随卦》王用享于西山。《·洪范》无偏无党,王道荡荡。《·小雅》宜君宜王。《注》君,诸侯也。王,天子也。◎按秦汉以下,凡诸侯皆称王,天子伯叔兄弟分封于外者亦曰王。又诸侯世见曰王。《·商颂》莫敢不来王。《笺》世见曰王。又凡尊称亦曰王。《尔雅·释亲》父之考爲王父,父之妣爲王母。又法王,象王,皆佛号。《华严偈》象王行处落花红。《岑参诗》况値庐山远,抽簪礼法王。《注》法王,佛尊号也。又姓。又《諡法》仁义所往曰王。又王屋,山名。《·禹贡》至于王屋。《疏》正义曰:王屋在河东垣县东北。又弓名。《周礼·冬官考工记》弓人,往体寡,来体多,谓之王弓之属。又王连,远志也。见《博雅》夫王,芏草也。见《尔雅·释草疏》。又王鴡,鸟名。《尔雅·释鸟》鴡鸠,王鴡。《注》雕类,今江东呼之爲鹗。又王鲔,鱼名。《周礼·天官·人》春献王鲔。《注》王鲔,鲔之大者。又蛇名。《尔雅·释鱼》蟒,王蛇。《注》蟒,蛇最大者,故曰王蛇。又虫名。《尔雅·释虫》王蛈蜴。注:卽螲蟷,似䵹鼄,在穴中,有盖。今河北人呼蛈蜴。《博雅》虎,王猬也。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤于放切,音旺霸王也。《正韵》凡有天下者,人称之曰王,则平声。据其身临天下而言曰王,则去声。《·大雅》王此大邦。《笺》王,君也。《释文》王,于况反。《前汉·高帝纪》项羽背约而王君王于南郑。《师古注》上王字,于放反。又《广韵》盛也。《庄子·养生主》神虽王,不善也。《注》谓心神长王。《释文》王,于况反。又音往。《·大雅》昊天曰明,及尔出王。《传》王,往也。《朱注》音往。〇按王本古文玉字。注详部首。
考证:〔《尔雅·释亲》父之母曰王母。〕谨照原文改父之妣爲王母。〔《周礼·冬官考工记》王弓。《注》往体寡来体多曰王。〕谨照原文改弓人,往体寡,来体多,谓之王弓之属。〔又虫名。《尔雅·释虫》虎,王猬也。〕谨于又虫名尔雅释虫下增王蛈蜴。注:卽螲蟷,似䵹鼄,在穴中,有盖。今河北人呼蛈蜴。二十二字。又按虎王猬也非尔雅文,查系博雅,谨照原书增博雅二字。〔《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤于放切,徨去声。霸王。〕谨按王于放切,徨胡光切,王非徨之去声,今将徨去声霸王五字改爲音旺霸王也。
反切:雨方 (《广韵·下平声··》) 雨诳 (《广韵·下平声··》) 于放 (《广韵·去声··》) 于方 (《广韵·去声··》)
英文翻譯:king, ruler; royal; surname

CTP Dictionary


wáng ㄨㄤˊ (1.1): 夏商周三代的最高统治者。 King, title of supreme ruler of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties.
墨子·修身》:是故先之治天下也,必察迩来远,君子察迩而迩修者也。
Therefore, when the early kings administered the empire, they would investigate what was within reach and attract those at a distance. Investigation of a locality by the superior men means its orderly government.
论语·学而》:之道斯为美,小大由之。
In the ways prescribed by the ancient kings, this is the excellent quality, and in things small and great we follow them.
孟子·梁惠王下》:王变乎色,曰:“寡人非能好先之乐也,直好世俗之乐耳。”
The king changed colour, and said, 'I am unable to love the music of the ancient sovereigns; I only love the music that suits the manners of the present age.'
庄子·齐物论》:春秋经世,先之志,圣人议而不辩。
In the Chun Qiu, which embraces the history of the former kings, the sage indicates his judgments, but does not argue (in vindication of them).
史记·殷本纪》:汤始居亳,从先居,作帝诰。
Tang at first dwelt in Bo, choosing the residence of the first king, and the 'Emperor's Announcement' was written.
礼记·曲礼上》:必则古昔,称先
If he must (adduce proofs), let them be from antiquity, with an appeal to the ancient kings.
wáng ㄨㄤˊ (1.2): 战国时代诸侯国的统治者均称王。 Ruler of a vassal state in the warring states period.
墨子·公输》:子墨子曰:“胡不见我于?”
Mozi said: Why not then present me to the Lord?
孟子·梁惠王上》:曰:“叟不远千里而来,亦将有以利吾国乎?”
The king said, 'Venerable sir, since you have not counted it far to come here, a distance of a thousand li, may I presume that you are provided with counsels to profit my kingdom?'
韩非子》:欲民无衣紫者,以自解紫衣而朝,群臣有紫衣进者,曰益远,寡人恶臭。
史记·魏世家》:十年,齐灭宋,宋死我温
wáng ㄨㄤˊ (1.3): 封建社会皇族或功臣的最高爵位。 Highest title in feudal China.
wáng ㄨㄤˊ (2): 朝见天子。 Meet with the emperor.
诗经·殷武》:昔有成汤、自彼氐羌、莫敢不来享、莫敢不来、曰商是常。
Formerly, in the time of Tang the Successful, Even from the Jiang of Di, They dared not but come with their offerings; [Their chiefs] dared not but come to seek acknowledgment: Such is the regular rule of Shang. '
国语·鲁语上》:是故先王制诸侯,使五年四、一相朝。
wáng ㄨㄤˊ (3): 对祖父母辈的尊称。见“王父”。 Respectful term for one's paternal grandparents.
wàng ㄨㄤˋ (4): 称王,统治天下。 Rule as king, control all under heaven.
墨子·所染》:此四王者所染当,故天下,立为天子,功名蔽天地。
Now these four kings had been under good influences. Therefore they came to possess the empire and were commissioned Sons of Heaven (Emperors). Their achievements and great fame extended from Heaven to earth.
孟子·梁惠王上》:故王之不,不为也,非不能也。
Therefore your Majesty's not exercising the royal sway, is because you do not do it, not because you are not able to do it.
庄子·天地》:不拘一世之利以为己私分,不以天下为己处显。
He would not grasp at the gain of the whole world to be held as his own private portion; he would not desire to rule over the whole world as his own private distinction.
礼记·中庸》:天下有三重焉,其寡过矣乎!
He who attains to the sovereignty of the kingdom, having those three important things, shall be able to effect that there shall be few errors under his government.
韩非子·难势》:尧教于隶属而民不听,至于南面而天下,令则行,禁则止。
淮南子·缪称训》:故舜不降席而天下者,求诸己也。
wàng ㄨㄤˋ (5): 封...为王。 Enfeoff as king.
wàng ㄨㄤˋ (6): 通“旺”:旺盛。 Flourish, abound.
庄子·养生主》:神虽,不善也。
Though its spirit would (there) enjoy a royal abundance, it does not think (such confinement) good.
wǎng ㄨㄤˇ (7): 通“往”:去,到。 To, go to.
诗经·》:昊天曰明、及尔出
Great Heaven is intelligent, And is with you in all your goings.

王父
wáng ㄨㄤˊ ㄈㄨˋ (1): 祖父。 Paternal grandfather.
礼记·杂记下》:王父死,未练祥而孙又死,犹是附于王父也。
When a grandfather had died, and his grandson also died before the sacrifices at the end of the first or second year had been performed, (his spirit-tablet) was still placed next to the grandfather's.
wáng ㄨㄤˊ ㄈㄨˋ (2): 对老人的尊称。 Respectful term for an elder.
国语·晋语七》:定百事,立百官,育门子,选贤良,兴旧族,出滞赏,毕故刑,赦囚系,宥间罪,荐积德,逮鳏寡,振废淹,养老幼,恤孤疾,年过七十,公亲见之,称曰王父,敢不承。

王公大人
wáng gōng rén ㄨㄤˊ ㄍㄨㄥ ㄉㄚˋ ㄖㄣˊ : 国君重臣。 Ruler, lord.
墨子·尚贤上》:子墨子言曰:“今1王公大人为政于国家者,皆欲国家之富,人民之众,刑政之治,然而不得富而得贫,不得众而得寡,不得治而得乱,则是本失其所欲,得其所恶,是其故何也?”
Mozi said: Now, all the rulers desire their provinces to be wealthy, their people to be numerous, and their jurisdiction to secure order. But what they obtain is not wealth but poverty, not multitude but scarcity, not order but chaos - this is to lose what they desire and obtain what they avert. Why is this?
商君书·农战》:民见其可以取王公大人也,而皆学之。
And the people, seeing that they succeed in captivating kings, dukes and great men, all imitate them.
淮南子·修务训》:尝试使之施芳泽,正娥眉,设笄珥,衣阿锡,曳齐纨,粉白黛黑,佩玉环,揄步,杂芝若,笼蒙目视,冶由笑,目流眺,口曾挠,奇牙出,𩉇酺摇,则虽王公大人,有严志颉颃之行者,无不惮悇痒心而悦其色矣。
史记》:其言洸洋自恣以适己,故自王公大人不能器之。
墨子闲诂·尚贤上》:子墨子言曰:“今者王公大人为政于国家者,“今者”
吕氏春秋·当染》:皆死久矣,从属弥众,弟子弥丰,充满天下,王公大人从而显之,有爱子弟者随而学焉,无时乏绝。

王屋
wáng ㄨㄤˊ : [地名] [Name of a place]
史记·夏本纪》:砥柱、析城至于王屋
From Dizhu and Xicheng hills to 'King's house'.
尚书·禹贡》:砥柱、析城至于王屋
(After these came) Di-zhu and Xi-cheng, from which he went on to Wang-wu.
淮南子·墬形训》:会稽、泰山、王屋、首山、太华、岐山、太行、羊肠、孟门。
春秋繁露》:《尚书大傅》言:“周将同之时,有大赤鸟衔之种,而集王屋之上者,武王喜,诸大夫皆喜。”
吕氏春秋·有始》:会稽,太山,王屋,首山,太华,岐山,太行,羊肠,孟门。
说文解字·水部》:出河东东垣王屋山,东为泲。
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