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中国哲学书电子化计划
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楚系簡帛
𠥻
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𤕼
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𤶅
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部首:+ 5笔 = 共10笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页470第21 康熙字典: 页771第22 辞海: 卷9页2040第4 GSR: 第494.a 汉语大字典: 卷4页2666第10
表面结构:左上:,右下:。 Component of: 𢞱 𨕾 𠹋 𤌿 𤖏 𦶱 𧎿 𧪠 𧽑 𮜆 𨪏
国语发音: ㄐㄧˊ
粤语发音:zat6
唐代发音:*dzhit
说文解字:疒部》疾:病也。从疒矢声。
宋本广韵:广韵·入声··》疾:病也,急也。秦悉切,十一。
康熙字典:康熙字典·疒部·》疾:〔古文〕𤕼𤖏𥏂𠥻𤶅《唐韵》秦悉切《集韵》《韵会》昨悉切,𠀤音嫉。《说文》病也。一曰急也。《徐曰》病来急,故从矢。矢,急疾也。《易·复卦》复亨出入无疾。《·说命》若药弗瞑眩,厥疾弗瘳。又《玉篇》患也。《左传·桓六年》谓其不疾瘯蠡也。《疏》不疾者,犹言不患此病也。又《玉篇》速也。《广韵》急也。《易·系辞》帷神也,故不疾而速。《·大雅》昊天疾威。《传》疾犹急也。《礼·月令》季冬之月,征鸟厉疾。《疏》疾,捷速也。《张衡·南都赋》总括趣欱,箭驰风疾。又《增韵》恶也。《左传·昭九年》辰在子卯,谓之疾日。《注》疾,恶也。又《尔雅·释言》疾,齐壮也。《疏》急速齐整,皆于事敏速强壮也。又虐也。《·大雅》疾威上帝。《朱注》疾威,犹暴虐也。又怨也。《管子·君臣篇》有过者不宿其罚,故民不疾其威。《注》疾,怨也。又毒害也。《左传·宣十五年》山薮藏疾。《注》山之有林薮,毒害者居之。又姓。《姓谱》元魏疾陆眷。又车辕前之下垂在地者曰前疾。《周礼·秋官》大行人立当前疾。又刘疾,鸟名。《尔雅·释鸟》鶛,刘疾。又与嫉通。《书·君𨻰》尔无忿疾于顽。又《秦誓》人之有技,冒疾以恶之。《传》见人之有技艺,蔽冒疾害以恶之。《史记·孙膑传》庞涓恐其贤于已,疾之。又与蒺同。《前汉·扬雄传》及至获夷之徒蹶,松柏掌疾黎。又《韵补》叶才诣切,音剂。《易·无妄》无妄之疾,勿药有喜。喜,音戏。《·大雅》庶人之愚,亦职维疾。叶下戾。《司马相如·上林赋》潏潏淈淈,湁潗鼎沸。驰波跳沫,汨隐漂疾。
考证:〔《尔雅·释鸟》鹊,刘疾。〕谨照原文鹊改鶛。
反切:秦悉 (《广韵·入声··》)
英文翻譯:illness, disease, sickness; to hate

CTP Dictionary


ㄐㄧˊ (1.1): 疾病。 Illness.
墨子·公孟》:子墨子有,跌鼻进而问曰:先生以鬼神为明,能为祸福,为善者赏之,为不善者罚之。
Mozi was sick. Die Bi came and inquired: "Sir, you have taught the ghosts and spirits are intelligent and are in control of calamity and blessing. They will reward the good and punish the evil."
论语·雍也》:伯牛有,子问之,自牖执其手,曰:“亡之,命矣夫!”
Bo Niu being ill, the Master went to ask for him. He took hold of his hand through the window, and said, "It is killing him. It is the appointment of Heaven, alas!"
礼记·曲礼上》:父母有,冠者不栉,行不翔,言不惰,琴瑟不御,食肉不至变味,饮酒不至变貌,笑不至矧,怒不至詈
'When his father or mother is ill, (a young man) who has been capped should not use his comb, nor walk with his elbows stuck out, nor speak on idle topics, nor take his lute or cithern in hand. He should not eat of (different) meats till his taste is changed, nor drink till his looks are changed'. He should not laugh so as to show his teeth, nor be angry till he breaks forth in reviling.
史记·鲁周公世家》:武王克殷二年,天下未集,武王有,不豫,群臣惧,太公、召公乃缪卜
尚书·金滕》:武王有,周公作《金滕
说苑·君道》:楚昭王有,卜之曰:“河为祟。”
ㄐㄧˊ (1.2): 病人。 Invalid, sick person.
春秋左传》:甲戌,师于泛,令于诸侯曰:修器备,盛糇粮,归老幼,居于虎牢。
ㄐㄧˊ (1.3): 疾苦。 Suffering, difficulties.
管子·小问》:桓公问治民于管子,管子对曰:“凡牧民者,必知其,而忧之以德,勿惧以罪,勿止以力,慎此四者,足以治民也。”
ㄐㄧˊ (1.4): 缺点,毛病。 Failing, weakness.
孟子·梁惠王下》:寡人有,寡人好勇。
But I have an infirmity - I love valour.
ㄐㄧˊ (1.5): 坏人。 Bad person, evil person.
春秋左传》:斗伯比曰:天去其矣,随未可克也,乃盟而还。
ㄐㄧˊ (2): 生病。 Become sick, fall ill.
荀子·天论》:故水旱不能使之饥,寒暑不能使之,祅怪不能使之凶。
春秋左传》:宋穆公,召大司马孔父而属殇公焉。
说苑·复恩》:朔妻成公姊有遗腹,走公宫匿,后生男乳,朔客程婴持亡匿山中,居十五年,晋景公,卜之曰:“大业之后不遂者为祟。”
ㄐㄧˊ (3): 损害。 Damage.
后汉书》:二事败业,多我力。
ㄐㄧˊ (4.1): 憎恶,怨恨。 Hate.
论语·宪问》:孔子曰:“非敢为佞也,固也。”
Confucius said, "I do not dare to play the part of such a talker, but I hate obstinacy."
孟子·梁惠王上》:今王发政施仁,使天下仕者皆欲立于王之朝,耕者皆欲耕于王之野,商贾皆欲藏于王之市,行旅皆欲出于王之涂,天下之欲其君者皆欲赴诉于王。
Now if your Majesty will institute a government whose action shall be benevolent, this will cause all the officers in the kingdom to wish to stand in your Majesty's court, and all the farmers to wish to plough in your Majesty's fields, and all the merchants, both travelling and stationary, to wish to store their goods in your Majesty's market-places, and all travelling strangers to wish to make their tours on your Majesty's roads, and all throughout the kingdom who feel aggrieved by their rulers to wish to come and complain to your Majesty.
史记·封禅书》:诸儒生秦焚诗书,诛僇文学,百姓怨其法,天下畔之,皆讹曰:“始皇上泰山,为暴风雨所击,不得封禅。”
荀子·王制》:故近者不隐其能,远者不其劳,无幽闲隐僻之国,莫不趋使而安乐之。
韩诗外传·卷三》:近者不隐其能,远者不其劳。
晏子春秋》:其用兵,为众屏患,故民不其劳:此长保威强勿失之道也。
ㄐㄧˊ (4.2): 愤怒地。 Angrily.
孟子·梁惠王下》:夫抚剑视曰,‘彼恶敢当我哉’
If a man brandishes his sword, looks fiercely, and says, "How dare he withstand me?"
ㄐㄧˊ (5): 妒忌。 Jealousy.
史记》:膑至,庞涓恐其贤于己,之,则以法刑断其两足而黥之,欲隐勿见。
荀子·不苟》:不下比以暗上,不上同以下,分争于中,不以私害之,若是则可谓公士矣。
ㄐㄧˊ (6): 迅速,敏捷。 Fast, quick.
史记·殷本纪》:帝纣资辨捷,闻见甚敏。
Emperor Zhou's discrimination was acute, his hearing and sight particularly good.
荀子·议兵》:故制号政令欲严以威,庆赏刑罚欲必以信,处舍收藏欲周以固,徙举进退欲安以重,欲以速。
战国策》:兴兵救之。
ㄐㄧˊ (7): 奋力,用力。 Exert oneself, spare no effort.
韩非子·奸劫弑臣》:国有无功得赏者,则民不外务当敌斩首,内不急力田作,皆欲行货财、事富贵、为私善、立名誉以取尊官厚俸。
吕氏春秋·孝行》:士民孝,则耕芸,守战固,不罢北。
战国策》:曰:“今力田作,不得暖衣馀食,今建国立君,泽可以遗世,愿往事之。”
ㄐㄧˊ (8): 大。 Large.
荀子·劝学》:顺风而呼,声非加也,而闻者彰。
吕氏春秋·顺说》:顺风而呼,声不加也。

疾病
bìng ㄐㄧˊ ㄅㄧㄥˋ : 重病,病危。 Severe illness.
论语·述而》:疾病,子路请祷。
The Master being very sick, Zi Lu asked leave to pray for him.
孟子·梁惠王下》:今王鼓乐于此,百姓闻王钟鼓之声,管龠之音,举欣欣然有喜色而相告曰:‘吾王庶几无疾病与?’
Now, your Majesty is having music here. The people hear the noise of your bells and drums, and the notes of your fifes and pipes, and they all, delighted, and with joyful looks, say to one another, "That sounds as if our king were free from all sickness!"
礼记·乐记》:是故强者胁弱,众者暴寡,知者诈愚,勇者苦怯,疾病不养,老幼孤独不得其所,此大乱之道也。
The strong press upon the weak; the many are cruel to the few; the knowing impose upon the dull; the bold make it bitter for the timid; the diseased are not nursed; the old and young, orphans and solitaries are neglected - such is the great disorder that ensues.
墨子·大取》:圣人恶疾病,不恶危难。
韩非子·五蠹》:民食果蓏蚌蛤,腥臊恶臭而伤害腹胃,民多疾病,有圣人作,钻燧取火以化腥臊,而民说之,使王天下,号之曰燧人氏。
淮南子·说林训》:鬻棺者,欲民之疾病也。

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