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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+7F77

說文小篆

簡體字

部首:+ 10筆 = 共15筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁45第18 頁241第26 頁270第51 康熙字典: 頁949第08 辭海: 卷1頁0656第05 GSR: 第26.a 漢語大字典: 卷4頁2924第12
表面結構:上:,下:。 Component of: 𠐌 𠤩 𭸰 𡓁 𢅩 𢤛 𢸇 𤁣 𫬘 𫻕 𭩓 𣞻 𤳷 𤳸 [More]
國語發音: ba bǎi ㄅㄚˋ ㄅㄚ· ㄅㄞˇ ㄆㄧˊ ㄆㄧˋ ㄅㄧˇ
粵語發音:baa6 pei4
唐代發音:bhyɛ *bhɛ̌i
說文解字:网部》罷:遣有辠也。从网、能。言有賢能而入网,而貫遣之。《周禮》曰:「議能之辟。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上平聲··》罷:倦也,亦止也。又音矲。
廣韻·上聲··》罷:遣有罪。又平陂、薄解二切。
廣韻·上聲··》罷:止也,休也。薄蟹切,六。
康熙字典:康熙字典·网部·》罷:《廣韻》薄蟹切《集韻》《韻會》部買切,𠀤音𢞎。《說文》遣有罪也。从罔,能。言有賢能而入罔,卽貰遣之。周禮曰:議能之辟。又《玉篇》休也,已也。《·中孚》或鼓或罷。《左傳·襄三十年》皆自朝布路而罷。《論語》欲罷不能。又《廣韻》甫靡切《集韻》補靡切,𠀤音彼。義同。又《韻會》皮駕切,音與杷同。義同。又《廣韻》符羈切《集韻》《正韻》蒲糜切,𠀤音皮。疲,或作罷。《玉篇》極也。《周禮·秋官·大司寇》以圜土聚敎罷民。《疏》罷謂困極罷弊。《禮·少儀》師役曰罷。《註》罷之爲言勞也。又《楚辭·大招》誅譏罷只。《註》罷,駑也。《史記·平原君傳》臣不幸有罷癃之疾。又《集韻》攀糜切,音披。罷辜,磔牲以祭。又《集韻》羆,或省作罷。詳羆字註。又《集韻》拍逼切,音堛。同副。副,判也。或作罷。又《正韻》補買切,音擺。閩人呼父爲郞罷。《顧况詩》兒餒嗔郞罷。《唐韻正》罷音皮,皮音婆。凡經傳中罷倦之罷,罷休之罷,皆讀婆。今人音皮,而誤又添一蒲蟹反,至土音,又轉而爲蒲怕矣。
反切:符羈 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 皮彼 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 平陂 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 薄解 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 薄蟹 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
英文翻譯:cease, finish, stop; give up

CTP Dictionary


罷弊
ㄆㄧˊ ㄅㄧˋ : 即“疲弊 ㄆㄧˊ ㄅㄧˋ: 疲勞困乏。 Tired and worn out.
墨子·非攻下》:久者數歲,速者數月,是上不暇聽治,士不暇治其官府,農夫不暇稼穡,婦人不暇紡績織紝,則是國家失卒,而百姓易務也,然而又與其車馬之罷弊也,幔幕帷蓋,三軍之用,甲兵之備,五分而得其一,則猶為序疏矣。
'It may last for several years, or, at the shortest, several months. So, the superior will have no time to attend to government, the officials will have no time to attend to their offices, the farmers will have no time to sow or reap, the women will have no time to weave or spin: that is, the state will lose its men and the people will neglect their vocations. Besides, the chariots will break and horses will be exhausted. As to tents, army supplies, and soldiers' equipment - if one-fifth of these can remain (after the war) it would already be beyond expectation.
史記》:吳士民罷弊,輕銳盡死於齊、晉。
墨子閒詁·非攻下》:則是國家失卒,而百姓易務也,然而又與其車馬之罷弊也,幔幕帷蓋,說文·巾部》云「幔,幕也
春秋繁露》:多發繇役,以奪民時,百姓罷弊而叛,及其身弒。
呂氏春秋·悔過》:大國不至,寡君與士卒竊為大國憂,日無所與焉,惟恐士卒罷弊與糗糧匱乏。
國語·吳語》:罷弊其民,而天奪之食,安受其燼,乃無有命矣。

罷敝
ㄆㄧˊ ㄅㄧˋ : 即“疲弊 ㄆㄧˊ ㄅㄧˋ: 疲勞困乏。 Tired and worn out.
史記·秦始皇本紀》:周室卑微,五霸既歿,令不行於天下,是以諸侯力政,彊侵弱,眾暴寡,兵革不休,士民罷敝
春秋左傳》:雖吾公室,今亦季世也,戎馬不駕,卿無軍行,公乘無人,卒列無長,庶民罷敝,而宮室滋侈,道殣相望,而女富溢尤。
戰國策》:若戰而勝,兵罷敝,大王之攻薔易矣。
漢書·刑法志》:於是師旅亟動,百姓罷敝,無伏節死難之誼。
三國演義》:今天下三分,益州罷敝,此誠危急存亡之秋也。

原典出處

論語·子罕》:不能,既竭吾才,如有所立卓爾。
When I wish to give over the study of his doctrines, I cannot do so, and having exerted all my ability, there seems something to stand right up before me.
孟子·告子下》:曰:「吾聞秦楚構兵,我將見楚王說而之。」
Keng replied, 'I have heard that Qin and Chu are fighting together, and I am going to see the king of Chu and persuade him to cease hostilities.'
禮記·月令》:是月也,可以官之無事、去器之無用者。
In this month, offices in which there is no business may be closed, and vessels for which there is no use may be removed.
揚子法言》:曰:「將致孝乎鬼神,不敢以其犁也,如刲羊刺豕,賓犒師,惡在其犁不犁也!」
Yangzi said: If you are going to express filial devotion to the spirits, then you do not dare use plow oxen. If you kill sheep and slaughter pigs to entertain guests and feast the army, then what difference does it make if you use plow oxen or not?
論衡·率性》:故曰:「王良登車,馬不駑。」
Of Wang Liang the saying goes that, when he stepped into a chariot, the steeds knew no exhaustion.
墨子·尚賢下》:王公大人有一馬不能治,必索良醫。
Again, if the ruler had a sick horse that he could not have cured, he would surely look for an experienced veterinary doctor.
莊子·刻意》:其神純粹,其魂不
His spirit is guileless and pure; his soul is not subject to weariness.
商君書·兵守》:城盡夷,客若有從入,則客必,中人必佚矣。
But when the walled cities have all been razed and the foreign army thus finds the means of penetrating, then certainly it will be exhausted, and the people within the country will be rested.
孫子兵法·作戰》:國之貧于師者遠輸,遠輸則百姓貧,近于師者貴賣,貴賣則百姓財竭,財竭則急于丘役,力屈財殫,中原內虛于家,百姓之費,十去其七,公家之費,破車馬,甲冑矢弩,戟楯蔽櫓,丘牛大車,十去其六。
Poverty of the State exchequer causes an army to be maintained by contributions from a distance. Contributing to maintain an army at a distance causes the people to be impoverished. On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away. When their substance is drained away, the peasantry will be afflicted by heavy exactions. With this loss of substance and exhaustion of strength, the homes of the people will be stripped bare, and three-tenths of their income will be dissipated; while government expenses for broken chariots, worn-out horses, breast-plates and helmets, bows and arrows, spears and shields, protective mantles, draught-oxen and heavy wagons, will amount to four-tenths of its total revenue.
荀子·成相》:曷謂「」?
說苑·君道》:夫王者得賢材以自輔,然後治也,雖有堯舜之明,而股肱不備,則主恩不流,化澤不行,故明君在上,慎於擇士,務於求賢,設四佐以自輔,有英俊以治官,尊其爵,重其祿,賢者進以顯榮,者退而勞力,是以主無遺憂,下無邪慝,百官能治,臣下樂職,恩流群生,潤澤草木,昔者虞舜左禹右皋陶,不下堂而天下治,此使能之效也。
春秋繁露·竹林》:楚與中國俠而擊之,鄭疲危亡,終身愁辜。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:楚莊王聽朝晏。
白虎通德論·辟雍》:立五帝之德,朝則坐於裡之門,弟子皆出就農而後
新書·道術》:伏義誠必謂之節,反節為
新序·善謀下》:歌數闋,戚夫人唏噓流涕,上起去酒,竟不易太子者,留侯召四人之謀也
中論·法象》:子圉以《大明》昭亂,薳以《既醉》保祿,良霄以《鶉奔》喪家,子展以《草蟲》昌族。
孔子家語·致思》:既而追者,羔將去,謂刖者曰:「吾不能虧主之法而親刖子之足。」
潛夫論·愛日》:公府不能昭察真偽,則但欲之以久困之資,故猥說一科,令此注百日,乃為移書,其不滿百日,輒更造數,甚違邵伯訟棠之義。
孔叢子·論勢》:今兵而不散,殆有異意。
忠經·政理章》:人勉而行,欲不可。
新語·辨惑》:會。
獨斷·卷下》:元帝時,丞相匡衡、御史大夫貢禹乃以經義處正,遊衣冠,毀先帝親盡之廟。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:元帝時,丞相匡衡、御史大夫貢禹乃以經義處正,遊衣冠,毀先帝親盡之廟。
列子·說符》:白公勝慮亂,朝而立,倒杖策,錣上貫頤,血流至地而弗知也。
鶡冠子·王鈇》:故不肖者不失其賤,而賢者不失其明,上享其福祿而百事理行,畔者不利,故莫能撓其強,是以能治滿而不溢,綰大而不芒,天子中正,使者敢易言尊益區域,使利逜下蔽上,其刑斬笞無赦,諸吏教苦德薄,侵暴百姓,輒,毋使汙官亂治,不奉令犯法,其罪加民,利而不取利,運而不取次,故四方從之,唯恐後至。
文子·道德》:老子曰:夫亟戰而數勝者,即國亡,亟戰即民,數勝即主驕,以驕主使民,而國不亡者即寡矣。
列仙傳·稷丘君》:去。
韓非子·初見秦》:軍乃引而復,并於孚下,大王又并軍而至,與戰不能剋之也,又不能反運,而去,天下固量秦力三矣。
慎子·威德》:故騰蛇遊霧,飛龍乘雲,雲霧霽,與蚯蚓同,則失其所乘也。
管子·輕重丁》:管子對曰:「途旁之樹,未沐之時,五衢之民,男女相好,往來之市者,市,相睹樹下,談語終日不歸。」
吳子·圖國》:武侯嘗謀事,群臣莫能及,朝而有喜色。
六韜·奇兵》:嚴刑罰者,所以進怠也。
尉繚子·武議》:武王不市民,兵不血刃,而克商誅紂,無祥異也,人事修不修而然也。
三略·中略》:還師軍,存亡之階。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:越王勾踐劗發文身,無皮弁搢笏之服,拘拒折之容,然而勝夫差於五湖,南面而霸天下,泗上十二諸侯皆率九夷以朝。
呂氏春秋·無義》:公子言之公子之主,鞅請亦言之主,而皆軍。
史記·周本紀》:兵西歸。
春秋左傳》:梁亡,不書其主,自取之也,初,梁伯好土功,亟城而弗處,民而弗堪,則曰,某寇將至,乃溝公宮,曰,秦將襲我,民懼而潰,秦遂取梁。
逸周書·文政解》:九戒:一內有柔成,二示有危傾,三旅有寘,四亂有立信,五教用康經,六合詳毀成,七邑守維人,八飢有兆積,九勞休無期。
國語·越語下》:范蠡諫曰:「孰使我蚤朝而晏者,非吳乎?」

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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