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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+8207

說文小篆

金文

楚系簡帛

同义字
简体字
𠔔
同义字
𢌱
同义字
𦦲
同义字

部首:+ 8笔 = 共14笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页68第9 页256第39 页363第31 康熙字典: 页1004第13 辞海: 卷1页1132第03 GSR: 第89.b 汉语大字典: 卷1页0251第04
表面结构:Component of: 𪤧 屿 𪴿 𢣟 𡁎 𦦙 𡒊 𨘕 𡽬 𢷣 𣄣 𣝑 𤑉 𤪐 [More]
国语发音: ㄩˇ ㄩˋ ㄩˊ
粤语发音:jyu4 jyu5 jyu6
唐代发音:*iǔ iu
说文解字:舁部》与:党与也。从舁从与。
宋本广韵:广韵·上平声··》欤:《说文》云:安气也,又语末之辝亦作与。
广韵·上平声··》与:上同本。又馀伫切。
广韵·上声··》与:善也,待也。《说文》曰:党与也。余吕切,又余、誉二音。七。
广韵·去声··》与:参与也。
康熙字典:康熙字典·臼部·》与:〔古文〕𢌱𦦲𠔔《广韵》弋诸切《正韵》弋渚切《集韵》《韵会》演女切,𠀤音予。《说文》党与也。《战国策》是君以合齐与强楚。《注》与,党与也。《管子·八观篇》请谒得于上,则党与成于下。又《广韵》善也。《礼·礼运》诸侯以礼相与。又《增韵》及也。《·说卦》是以立天之道,曰隂与阳。立地之道,曰柔与刚。立人之道,曰仁与义。又许也,从也。《论语》吾与点也。《管子·形势解》鬼神助之,天地与之。又待也。《论语》岁不我与。又《博雅》如也。《前汉·韩信传》大王自料,勇悍仁强孰与项王。《注》师古曰:与,如也。《司马相如·子虚赋》楚王之猎,孰与寡人。又施予也。《礼·曲礼》与人者,不问其所欲。《周礼·春官·大卜》以邦事作龟之八命,一曰征,二曰象,三曰与。《注》与,谓予人物也。又助也。《战国策》吾将深入吴军,若扑一人,若捽一人,以与大心者也。《注》与,犹助也。又类也。《周语》夫礼之立,成者爲饫,昭明大节而已,少曲与焉。《注》与,类也,威仪少比类也。又以也。《·召南》之子归,不我与。《朱注》与,犹以也,以谓挟己而偕行也。又和也。《战国策》内𡨥不与,外敌不可拒。《注》𡨥犹乱,与犹和也。又用也。《·唐风》人之爲言,苟亦无与。《传》无与,弗用也。又数也。《礼·曲礼》生与来日。《注》与,犹数也。又语辞。《礼·表记》君子与其有诺责也,宁有已怨。又容与,闲适貌。《庄子·人闲世》因案人之所感,以求容与其心。《注》以求从容自放,而遂其侈心也。《史记·司马相如传》楚王乃弭节,裴回翱翔容与。《注》索隐曰:言自得。又《正字通》大与,官名,主爵禄之官。又不与,国名。《山海经》有不与之国,烈姓黍食。又姓。又《广韵》羊洳切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》羊茹切,𠀤音豫。参与也。《正韵》干也。《中庸》夫妇之愚,可以与知焉。《周礼·冬官考工记》国有六职,百工与居一焉。又县名。《史记·曹相国世家》参以中涓从,将击胡陵方与。《注》索隐曰:地理志,二县皆属山阳。正义曰:与,音预。又《正字通》疑虑未决也。通作豫。《前汉·昌邑王传》杨敞犹与无决。又《陈汤传》士卒犹与。通作豫。又《集韵》《韵会》羊诸切《正韵》云俱切,𠀤音余。语辞。《论语》其爲仁之本与。《礼·檀弓》曾子曰:微与。其嗟也可去,其谢也可食。《疏》微,无也。与,语助。又《·小雅》我黍与与,我稷翼翼。《笺》与与,翼翼,蕃庑貌。又《论语》与与如也。《注》威仪中适貌。又舒也。《前汉·礼乐志》朱明盛长,旉与万物。《注》师古曰:敷与,言开舒也。与,弋于反。又人名。《·舜典》垂拜稽首,让于殳斨曁伯与。《传》殳斨,伯与,二臣名。《释文》与,音馀。又山名。同舆。《山海经》敦与之山。《注》按名胜志作敦舆山。《又》苦山之首,曰休与之山。《注》与或作舆。又《集韵》倚亥切,音欸。与也。◎按说文与训赐予也,一勺爲与。与训党与也。今俗与字通作与。
反切:以诸 (《广韵·上平声··》) 馀伫 (《广韵·上平声··》) 余吕 (《广韵·上声··》) 羊洳 (《广韵·去声··》)
相同读音: (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·万章章句下》)
英文翻譯:and; with; to; for; give, grant

CTP Dictionary


ㄩˇ (1): 给予。 Give.
论语·公冶长》:或乞醯焉,乞诸其邻而之。
One begged some vinegar of him, and he begged it of a neighbor and gave it to the man.
孟子·公孙丑下》:子哙不得人燕,子之不得受燕于子哙。
Zi Kuai had no right to give Yan to another man, and Zi Zhi had no right to receive Yan from Zi Kuai.
史记·五帝本纪》:尧乃赐舜絺衣,琴,为筑仓廪,予牛羊。
Yao gave Shun clothes made of fine grass-cloth, and a lute, and built him a granary and shed for his oxen and sheep.
道德经》:将欲夺之,必固之。
When he is going to despoil another, he will first have made gifts to him:
ㄩˇ (2): 亲附,跟随。 Follow, go along with.
论语·先进》:夫子喟然叹曰:“吾点也!”
The Master heaved a sigh and said, "I give my approval to Dian."
国语·齐语》:桓公知天下诸侯多己也,故又大施忠焉。
管子·大匡》:管仲曰:“不可,百姓病,公先百姓,而藏其兵,与其厚于兵,不如厚于人,齐国之社稷未定,公未始于人,而始于兵,外不亲于诸侯,内不亲于民。”
ㄩˇ (3): 党羽,同盟者。 Comrade, ally.
荀子·王霸》:约结已定,虽睹利败,不欺其
ㄩˇ (4): 交往。 Association, contact.
吕氏春秋·慎行》:为义者则不然,始而相,久而相信,卒而相亲,后世以为法程。
管子·形势》:不可,毋强不能,毋告不知。
ㄩˇ (5.1): 敌,对付。 Oppose.
史记·淮阴侯列传》:龙且曰:“吾平生知韩信为人,易耳。”
春秋左传》:鲜虞曰:一一,谁能惧我?
ㄩˇ (5.2): 对斗。 Engage [an enemy].
道德经》:善胜敌者,不
He who vanquishes yet still Keeps from his foes apart.
ㄩˇ (6): 允许,赞许。 Approve, consent to.
论语·述而》:子曰:“其进也,不与其退也,唯何甚!”
The Master said, "I admit people's approach to me without committing myself as to what they may do when they have retired. Why must one be so severe?"
ㄩˇ (7): 帮助。 Help.
战国策·楚将伐齐》:君不胜者而不胜者,何故也?
ㄩˇ (8): 等待。 Wait.
论语·阳货》:日月逝矣,岁不我
"The days and months are passing away; the years do not wait for us."
楚辞·离骚经》:汩余若将不及兮,恐年岁之不吾
ㄩˇ (9.1): 介词,相当于“被”。 Preposition indicating passive tense.
战国策·谓秦王》:吴王夫差栖越于会稽,胜齐于艾陵,为黄池之遇,无礼于宋,遂勾践禽,死于干遂。
ㄩˇ (9.2): 介词,相当于“对”、“向”、“和”。 Preposition: to, with.
孟子·公孙丑下》:齐人无以仁义王言者,岂以仁义为不美也?
Among the people of Qi there is no one who speaks to the king about benevolence and righteousness. Are they thus silent because they do not think that benevolence and righteousness are admirable?
韩非子·解老》:治世之民不鬼神相害也,故曰:“非其鬼不神也,其神不伤人也。”
ㄩˇ (9.3): 介词,相当于“以”。 Preposition: with.
韩非子·难一》:将治天下,释庸主之所易,道尧、舜之所难,未可为政也。
史记·货殖列传》:是故其智不足权变,勇不足以决断,仁不能以取予,强不能有所守,虽欲学吾术,终不告之矣。
ㄩˇ (9.4): 介词,相当于“为”、“替”。 Preposition: as.
孟子·离娄上》:得其心有道:所欲之聚之,所恶勿施尔也。
There is a way to get their hearts: it is simply to collect for them what they like, and not to lay on them what they dislike.
史记·陈涉世家》:陈涉少时,尝人佣耕,辍耕之垄上,怅恨久之,曰:“茍富贵,无相忘。”
ㄩˇ (9.5): 介词,相当于“于”、“在”。 Preposition: in, on.
吴越春秋》:将渡江于中流,要离力微,坐上风,因风势以矛钩其冠,顺风而刺庆忌,庆忌顾而挥之,三捽其头于水中,乃加于膝上,“嘻嘻哉!”
ㄩˇ (10.1): 连词,相当于“和”、“同”。 Connective: and, with.
墨子·小取》:彼同类,世有彼而不自非也,墨者有此而非之,无他故5焉,所谓内胶外闭与心毋空乎?
This and those are of the same kind; the world have those and don't oppose themselves, [yet] we Mohists have this and they oppose us. There can be no other reason than that they are stopped up within and closed without; their heart-minds are all filled in!
论语·学而》:子夏曰:“贤贤易色,事父母能竭其力,事君能致其身,朋友交言而有信。”
Zi Xia said, "If a man withdraws his mind from the love of beauty, and applies it as sincerely to the love of the virtuous; if, in serving his parents, he can exert his utmost strength; if, in serving his prince, he can devote his life; if, in his intercourse with his friends, his words are sincere"
孟子·梁惠王上》:曰:“不为者不能者之形何以异?”
The king asked, 'How may the difference between the not doing a thing, and the not being able to do it, be represented?'
庄子·齐物论》:胡蝶,则必有分矣。
But between Zhou and a butterfly there must be a difference.
史记·晋世家》:鲁告急卫,卫鲁皆因郤克告急于晋。
ㄩˇ (10.2): 连词,相当于“与其”。 Connective: with its ...
韩非子·难二》:简子曰:“吾得革车千乘,不如闻行人烛过之一言也。”
史记》:喟然叹曰:“人刃我,宁自刃。”
ㄩˇ (10.3): 连词,相当于“或者”、“还是”。 Connective: or.
晏子春秋》:正行而遗民乎,持民而遗道乎?
ㄩˋ (11.1): 参加、参与。 Participate, take part in.
春秋左传》:蹇叔之子师。
ㄩˇ (11.2): 干预。 Interfere in.
ㄩˊ (12.1): 语助词:用于句末,表示疑问、感叹或反诘。 Auxiliary word: used at the end of a sentence to express questioning , exclamation, or a rhetorical question.
墨子·尚同下》:故唯毋以圣王为聪耳明目
Though it may be supposed that the sage-king was keen in hearing and sight.
论语·学而》:孝弟也者,其为仁之本
Filial piety and fraternal submission! - are they not the root of all benevolent actions?
孟子·梁惠王上》:曰:“王之所大欲可得闻?”
Mencius said, 'May I hear from you what it is that you greatly desire?'
庄子·齐物论》:罔两问景曰:“曩子行,今子止,曩子坐,今子起,何其无特操?”
The Penumbra asked the Shadow, saying, 'Formerly you were walking on, and now you have stopped; formerly you were sitting, and now you have risen up - how is it that you are so without stability?'
史记·殷本纪》:伊陟曰:“臣闻妖不胜德,帝之政其有阙?”
Yizhi said: 'I, your servant, have heard that virtue is not overcome by evil omens. There may be defects in your Majesty's government.'
礼记·檀弓上》:童子曰:“华而睆,大夫之箦?”
Who said, 'How beautifully coloured and bright! Is it not the mat of a Great officer?'
ㄩˊ (12.2): 语助词:用于句中,表示停顿。 Auxiliary word: used in the middle of a sentence to express a pause.
春秋左传》:郑大夫盟于伯有氏,裨谌曰,是盟也,其几何。

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