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中国哲学书电子化计划
简体字版

U+82E5

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛

异体字
𦱡
同义字
𦱶
同义字
𧁇
同义字

部首:+ 5笔 = 共11笔.
字典出处:宋本广韵: 页169第47 页309第34 页502第14 康熙字典: 页1023第12 辞海: 卷1页1301第03 GSR: 第777.a 汉语大字典: 卷5页3187第07
表面结构:上:,下:。 具有相关结构: 若 。 Component of: 𢉳 𢜪 𡈉 𦴈 𭆋 𪴰 𪻷 [More]
国语发音:ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ ㄖㄜˇ ㄖㄜˊ ㄖㄜˋ
粤语发音:je5 joek6
唐代发音:*njiɑk
说文解字:草部》若:择菜也。从草、右。右,手也。一曰杜若,香草。
宋本广韵:广韵·下平声··》若:蜀地名出巴中记。人賖切,又惹、弱二音。二。
广韵·上声··》若:乾草又般若出释典又虏复姓二氏周书若干惠传曰其先与魏俱起以国爲姓后燕録有步兵校尉若久和。人者切,又人勺切,三。
广韵·入声··》若:如也,顺也,汝也,辝也,又杜若香草亦姓鲁人也,又虏三字姓后魏书若口引氏后改爲寇氏。而灼切,十一。
康熙字典:康熙字典·草部·》若:〔古文〕𦱡𦱶𧁇《唐韵》而灼切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》日灼切,𠀤音弱。《说文》若,择菜也。又《玉篇》杜若,香草。《楚辞·九歌》采芳洲兮杜若。《梦溪笔谈》杜若,卽今之高良姜。又顺也。《·尧典》钦若昊天。《传》敬顺也。《·小雅》曾孙是若。又汝也。《仪礼·士昏礼》勖帅以敬先妣之嗣,若则有常。《晋语》晋文公谓勃鞮曰:尔爲惠公从余于渭濵,命曰三日,若宿而至。又如也。《·盘庚》若网在纲。又乃也。《周语》必有忍也,若能有济也。又语辞。《仪礼·士相见礼》君若降送之,则不敢顾。《疏》若者,不定之辞也。又《前汉·武帝纪》民年九十以上,爲复子若孙。《注》若者,豫及之辞也。又若若,垂貌。《前汉·石显传》印何累累绶若若耶。又《庄子·秋水篇》向若而叹。《注》若,海神。又岁名。《尔雅·释天》太岁在丑曰赤奋若。又若木。《淮南子·地形训》若木在建木西。《楚辞·天问》若华何光。《注》若木何能有明赤之光华乎。又水名。《水经注》若水东南流,鲜水注之。又姓。《正字通》汉下邳相若章。又《广韵》人者切,音惹。乾草也。又般若,梵语谓智慧也。《晋书·昙霍传》霍持一锡杖,令人跪,曰:此是波若眼。又《韵会》浮屠所居,西域谓之兰若。《柳宗元文》兰若眞公。《注》官赐额者爲寺,私造者爲招提、兰若。又人赊切,音婼。蜀地名。《前汉·地理志》若属南郡,春秋传作鄀。《唐韵古音》读汝三略,尊𤰞相若,强弱相虏。古人读若字爲汝,故传记之文,多有以若爲汝者。《史记·项羽本纪》云:吾翁卽若翁,《汉书》云吾翁卽汝翁,此可据也。
反切:人賖 (《广韵·下平声··》) 人者 (《广韵·上声··》) 人勺 (《广韵·上声··》) 而灼 (《广韵·入声··》)
英文翻譯:if, supposing, assuming; similar

CTP Dictionary


ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (1): 香草名,即杜若。 Iris.
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (2): 即“北海若běi hǎi ruò ㄅㄟˇ ㄏㄞˇ ㄖㄨㄛˋ: 北海海神名。 Ruo, a god of the Northern Sea.
庄子·秋水》:顺流而东行,至于北海,东面而视,不见水端,于是焉河伯始旋其面目,望洋向而叹,曰:“野语有之曰‘闻道百,以为莫己若’”
Along the course of the river he walked east till he came to the North Sea, over which he looked, with his face to the east, without being able to see where its waters began. Then he began to turn his face round, looked across the expanse, (as if he were) confronting Ruo, and said with a sigh, 'What the vulgar saying expresses about him who has learned a hundred points (of the Dao), and thinks that there is no one equal to himself.'
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (3): 顺从,顺应。 Go by, accord with.
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (4): 选择。 Choose.
国语·晋语二》:秦穆公许诺,反使者,乃召大夫子明及公孙枝,曰:“夫晋国之乱,吾谁使先,夫二公子而立之?”
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (5): 好像,好似。 Like, similar to.
墨子·经上》:法,所而然也。
The fa (standard) is that in being like which something is so.
孟子·梁惠王上》:王曰:“是其甚与?”
The king said, 'Is it so bad as that?'
道德经》:治大国烹小鲜。
Governing a great state is like cooking small fish.
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (6): 等同,一致。 Identical, the same.
墨子·经说上》:心中:自是往相也。
Distances outward from this are alike.
孟子·滕文公上》:布帛长短同,则贾相
Linen and silk of the same length would be of the same price.
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (7): 赶上,比得上。 As good as, comparable to.
孟子·梁惠王下》:曰:“不与众。”
' 'To enjoy it with many.'
庄子·秋水》:计人之所知,不其所不知。
We must reckon that what men know is not so much as what they do not know.
商君书·慎法》:外不能战,内不能守,虽尧为主,不能以不臣谐所谓不之国。
And if, abroad, one is incapable of waging war, and at home one is incapable of defence, then even (a good ruler like) Yao could not pacify, for any misbehaviour, a country that (normally) would be no match.
荀子·儒效》:不闻不闻之,闻之不见之,见之不知之,知之不行之
尔雅·释诂》:仪,,祥,淑,鲜,省,臧,嘉,令,类,綝,彀,攻,谷,介,徽,善也
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (8): 至,到。 To, arrive at.
国语·晋语五》:病未死,祗以解志。
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (9): 你,你们;你的,你们的。 You, your.
墨子·尚同上》:不善言,学乡长之善言。
Put away from your speech that which is not good and learn his good speech.
庄子·齐物论》:既使我与辩矣,胜我,我不胜,果是也?
Since you made me enter into this discussion with you, if you have got the better of me and not I of you, are you indeed right.
史记·项羽本纪》:汉王曰:“吾与项羽俱北面受命怀王,曰‘约为兄弟’,吾翁即翁,必欲烹而翁,则幸分我一桮羹。”
孔丛子·广诂》:而、乃、尔、,汝也。
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (10): 这样,这般。 This way, like this.
论语·公冶长》:子谓子贱,“君子哉人!”
The Master said of Zi Jian, "Of superior virtue indeed is such a man!"
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (11): 至于。 Regarding, as regards.
论语·述而》:子曰:“圣与仁,则吾岂敢?”
The Master said, "The sage and the man of perfect virtue - how dare I rank myself with them?"
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (12): 如果。 If, should it be the case.
墨子·小取》:若是,则虽盗人人也,爱盗非爱人也。
If this is so, then though thieves are men, caring for thieves is not caring for men.
孟子·滕文公上》:》曰:‘药不瞑眩,厥疾不瘳。’
It is said in the Book of History, "If medicine do not raise a commotion in the patient, his disease will not be cured by it."
春秋左传》:阙地及泉,隧而相见,其谁曰不然?
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (13): 或,或者。 Or, alternatively.
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (14): 而。 But, yet.
春秋左传》:辞曰,羁旅之臣,幸获宥。
ruò ㄖㄨㄛˋ (15): 形容词后缀。 Adjectival suffix.
诗经·》:桑之未落、其叶沃
Before the mulberry tree has shed its leaves, How rich and glossy are they!
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