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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+8411

說文小篆

甲骨文

部首:+ 8筆 = 共14筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁57第33 康熙字典: 頁1041第13 辭海: 卷1頁1474第01 GSR: 第166.a 漢語大字典: 卷5頁3235第16
表面結構:上:,下:。 Component of: 𨞂 𠿅 𦼉 𦻧 𬞄 𦾔 𭬈 𬞓 𨬶
國語發音:huán tuī zhuī ㄏㄨㄢˊ ㄊㄨㄟ ㄓㄨㄟ
粵語發音:wun4
說文解字:萑部》萑:鴟屬。从隹从𦫳,有毛角。所鳴,其民有旤。凡萑之屬皆从萑。讀若和。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上平聲··》萑:萑蓷茺蔚又名益母。
康熙字典:康熙字典·艸部·》萑:《唐韻》職追切,音鵻。《說文》草多貌。又草名。茺蔚也。《爾雅·釋草》萑蓷。《註》茺蔚,又名益母。又《集韻》枲未漚者。又《韻會》胡官切,音桓。《說文》薍也。《·豳風》八月萑葦。《疏》初生者爲菼,長大爲薍,成則爲萑。《周禮·春官》其柏席用萑黼純。《註》萑,如葦而紉。又《前漢·息夫躬傳》涕泣流兮萑蘭。《註》涕泣闌干也。又鳥名,鴟屬。字从𦫳。詳隹部。
反切:職追 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
英文翻譯:grass used for making mats; Huanpu, place famous for robbers

原典出處

禮記·內則》:炮:取豚若將,刲之刳之,實棗於其腹中,編以苴之,涂之以謹涂,炮之,涂皆乾,擘之,濯手以摩之,去其皽,為稻粉糔溲之以為酏,以付豚煎諸膏,膏必滅之,鉅鑊湯以小鼎薌脯於其中,使其湯毋滅鼎,三日三夜毋絕火,而後調之以醯醢。
For the Bake, they took a sucking-pig or a (young) ram, and having cut it open and removed the entrails, filled the belly with dates. They then wrapped it round with straw and reeds, which they plastered with clay, and baked it. When the clay was all dry, they broke it off. Having washed their hands for the manipulation, they removed the crackling and macerated it along with rice-flour, so as to form a kind of gruel which they added to the pig. They then fried the whole in such a quantity of melted fat as to cover it. Having prepared a large pan of hot water, they placed in it a small tripod, which was filled with fragrant herbs, and the slices of the creature which was being prepared. They took care that the hot water did not cover this tripod, but kept up the fire without intermission for three days and nights. After this, the whole was served up with the addition of pickled meat and vinegar.
莊子·則陽》:故鹵莽其性者,欲惡之孽,為性葦蒹葭,始萌以扶吾形,尋擢吾性,並潰漏發,不擇所出,漂疽疥癕,內熱溲膏是也。
Thus dealing with their nature like the farmer who is negligent of the clods in his soil, the illegitimate results of their likings and dislikings become their nature. The bushy sedges, reeds, and rushes, which seem at first to spring up to support our bodies, gradually eradicate our nature, and it becomes like a mass of running sores, ever liable to flow out, with scabs and ulcers, discharging in flowing matter from the internal heat. So indeed it is!
詩經·七月》:七月流火、八月葦。
In the seventh month, the Fire Star passes the meridian; In the eighth month are the sedges and reeds.
孔子家語·致思》:譬之污池,水潦注焉,葦生焉,雖或以觀之,孰知其源乎?
風俗通義》:葦茭,《傳》曰:「葦有藂。」
文子·上德》:橘柚有鄉,葦有叢,獸同足者相從游,鳥同翼者相從翔。
管子·地員》:葉下於𩏴,𩏴下於莧,莧下於蒲,蒲下於葦,葦下於雚,雚下於蔞,蔞下於荓,荓下於蕭,蕭下於薜,薜下於下於茅,凡彼草物,有十二衰,各有所歸。
淮南子·俶真訓》:有有者,言萬物摻落,根莖枝葉,青蔥苓蘢,蔰炫煌,蠉飛蠕動,蚑行噲息,可切循把握而有數量。
春秋左傳》:齊侯疥,遂痁,期而不瘳,諸侯之賓問疾者多在,梁丘據與裔款言於公曰,吾事鬼神豐,於先君有加矣,今君疾病,為諸侯憂,是祝史之罪也,諸侯不知,其謂我不敬,君盍誅於祝固史嚚,以辭賓,公說,告晏子,晏子曰,日宋之盟,屈建問范會之德於趙武,趙武曰,夫子之家事治,言於晉國,竭情無私,其祝史祭祀,陳信不愧,其家事無猜,其祝史不祈,建以語康王,康王曰,神人無怨,宜夫子之光輔五君,以為諸侯主也,公曰,據與款謂寡人能事鬼神,故欲誅于祝史,子稱是語,何故,對曰,若有德之君,外內不廢,上下無怨,動無違事,其祝史薦信,無愧心矣,是以鬼神用饗,國受其福,祝史與焉,其所以蕃祉老壽者,為信君使也,其言忠信於鬼神,其適遇淫君,外內頗邪,上下怨疾,動作辟違,從欲厭私,高臺深池,撞鍾舞女,斬刈民力,輸掠其聚,以成其違,不恤後人,暴虐淫從,肆行非度,無所還忌,不思謗讟,不憚鬼神,神怒民痛,無悛於心,其祝史薦信,是言罪也,其蓋失數美,是矯誣也,進退無辭,則虛以求媚,是以鬼神不饗其國以禍之,祝史與焉,所以夭昏孤疾者,為暴君使也,其言僭嫚於鬼神,公曰,然則若之何,對曰,不可為也,山林之木,衡鹿守之,澤之蒲,舟鮫守之,藪之薪蒸,虞候守之,海之鹽蜃,祈望守之,縣鄙之人,入從其政,偪介之關,暴征其私,承嗣大夫,強易其賄,布常無藝,徵斂無度,宮室日更,淫樂不違,內寵之妾,肆奪於市,外寵之臣,僭令於鄙,私欲養求,不給則應,民人苦病,夫婦皆詛,祝有益也,詛亦有損,聊攝以東,姑尤以西,其為人也,多矣,雖其善祝,豈能勝億兆人之詛,君若欲誅於祝史,脩德而後可,公說,使有司寬政,毀關,去禁,薄斂,已責。
鹽鐵論·論誹》:丞相史曰:「檀柘而有鄉,葦而有藂,言物類之相從也。」
漢書》:涕泣流兮蘭,心結愲兮傷肝。
前漢紀》:葦竹蕭。
周易·說卦》:震為雷,為龍,為玄黃,為旉,為大塗,為長子,為決躁,為蒼筤竹,為葦。
周禮·春官宗伯》:其柏席用,黼純。
儀禮·公食大夫禮》:司宮具幾,與蒲筵常緇布純,加席尋玄帛純,皆捲自末。
焦氏易林·屯之》:經涉澤,為矢所射,傷我胸臆。
說文解字·艸部》:从艸聲。
爾雅·釋草》:,蓷。
急就篇》:薪炭葦炊孰生。
抱朴子·至理》:今語俗人云,理中四順,可以救霍亂,款冬、紫苑,可以治欬逆,蘆、貫衆之煞九蟲,當歸、芍藥之止絞痛,秦膠、獨活之除八風,菖蒲、乾姜之止痹濕,菟絲、蓯蓉之補虛乏,甘遂、葶歷之逐痰癖,括樓、黃連之愈消渴,薺苨、甘草之解百毒,蘆如益熱之護衆創,麻黃、大青之主傷寒,俗人猶謂不然也,寧煞生請福,分蓍問祟,不肯信良醫之攻病,反用巫史之紛若,況乎告之以金丹可以度世,芝英可以延年哉?
水經注·濟水》:于城西南為陂水,淹地百許頃,蒹葭葦生焉,號曰李陂。
群書治要·昭公》:對曰:不可為也言非誅祝史所能治,山林之木,衡鹿守之,澤之蒲,舟鮫守之,藪之薪蒸,虞候守之,海之鹽蜃,祈望守之衡鹿,舟鮫,虞候,祈望,皆官名也。
藝文類聚·遊覽》:《魏王粲詩》曰:悠悠涉荒路,靡靡我心愁,四望無煙火,但見林與丘,城郭生榛棘,蹊徑無所由,蒲竟廣澤,葭葦夾長流,遊客多悲傷,淚下不可收,朝入譙郡界,曠然消人憂,詩人美樂土,雖客猶願留。
通典·葬儀》:其槨席用,黼純。
廣韻·》:蓷茺蔚又名益母。
太平御覽·盜竊》:鄭國多盜,取人於蒲之澤。
太平廣記·李甲》:蒲蓊鬱而發生。
墨子閒詁·旗幟》:部》云「雚,小爵也」,音義並別。
全唐詩·有感二首》:何成奏雲物,直是滅苻。
康熙字典·》:吅聲。
儒林外史》:考事已畢,發出案來,懷寧縣的案首叫做季

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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