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中國哲學書電子化計劃

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部首:+ 4筆 = 共11筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁514第12 康熙字典: 頁1205第19 辭海: 卷1頁2713第01 GSR: 第868.m 漢語大字典: 卷6頁3626第02
表面結構:上:,下:。 Component of: 𭍬 𨖊 𣤈 𤖓 𤗮 𦟜 𤳎 𤹠 [More]
國語發音: zhài ㄗㄜˊ ㄓㄞˋ
粵語發音:zaak3
唐代發音:jrɛk
說文解字:貝部》責:求也。从貝朿聲。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·入聲··》責:求也。側革切,十一。
康熙字典:康熙字典·貝部·》責:〔古文〕𧵩《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》側革切《正韻》側格切,𠀤音窄。《說文》求也。《左傳·桓十三年》宋多責賂於鄭。又非也。《·君奭》誕無我責。《傳》汝大無非責我留。又誅責也。《詩·邶風·旄丘序》責衞伯也。《禮·表記》君子與其有諾責也,寧有己怨。《疏》責,謂許而不與而被責。又責讓也。《左傳·僖十五年》西鄰責言,不可償也。《註》微刺也。又任也。《孟子》有言責者。又取也。《戰國策》歸其劒而責之金。又問也。《史記·周勃世家》吏簿責條侯。《註》簿問其辭情。又自訟也。《前漢·韓延壽傳》痛自刻責。又《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤側賣切。與債同。《周禮·天官·小宰》聽稱責以傅別。《註》稱責,謂貸子。《疏》謂舉責生子,彼此俱爲稱意,故曰稱責也。《左傳·成十八年》施舍已責。《註》止逋責。又叶側棘切。《柳宗元·懲咎賦》旣明懼夫天討兮,又幽慄兮鬼責。惶惶兮夜寤而晝駭兮,類麏䴥之不息。
考證:〔《禮·表記》君子與有諾責也〕謹照原文與下增其字。
反切:側革 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
英文翻譯:one's responsibility, duty

原典出處

論語·衛靈公》:子曰:「躬自厚而薄於人,則遠怨矣。」
The Master said, "He who requires much from himself and little from others, will keep himself from being the object of resentment."
孟子·離婁下》:夫章子,子父善而不相遇也。
Now between Zhang and his father there arose disagreement, he, the son, reproving his father, to urge him to what was good.
禮記·表記》:是故君子與其有諾也,寧有已怨。
Therefore the superior man will rather incur the resentment arising from his refusal than the charge of promising (and then not fulfilling).
揚子法言》:曰:「斯以留客,至作相,用狂人之言,從浮大海,立趙高之邪說,廢沙丘之正,阿意督,焉用忠?」
Yangzi said: Li Si stayed in Qin as a guest of Lu Buwei and eventually became Prime Minister. Using the words of an alchemist to flatter the Emperor, he followed Qin Shi Huang on his tours of the four seas. Upon Qin Shi Huang's death, he let Zhao Gao's treacherous plan to replace the chosen successor stand, discarded the Emperor's official edict, assented to the idea and directed the orders. Where in this is loyalty?
墨子·耕柱》:耕柱子曰:「驥足以。」
Geng Zhuzi said: "Because the horse is capable (of better speed)."
莊子·天道》:靜則無為,無為也,則任事者矣。
From their stillness came their non-action. Doing-nothing, they devolved the cares of office on their employes.
道德經》:是以聖人執左契,而不於人。
Therefore (to guard against this), the sage keeps the left-hand portion of the record of the engagement, and does not insist on the (speedy) fulfilment of it by the other party.
商君書·畫策》:聖王見王之致於兵也,故舉國而之於兵。
A sage-king obtains the kingship through the efforts of his soldiers. Therefore, he rouses the country and charges it with the obligation of military service.
孫子兵法·兵勢》:故善戰者,求之于勢,不于人,故能擇人任勢。
The clever combatant looks to the effect of combined energy, and does not require too much from individuals. Hence his ability to pick out the right men and utilize combined energy.
史記·殷本紀》:帝太甲居桐宮三年,悔過自,反善,於是伊尹乃迎帝太甲而授之政。
After the Emperor Taijia had dwelt in the Dryandra palace for three years, he repented of his errors, blamed himself, and amended his ways. Whereupon Yiyin met the Emperor Taijia and resigned to him the reins of government.
荀子·富國》:必先脩正其在我者,然後徐其在人者,威乎刑罰。
說苑·辨物》:逆者不避其難,是亦春秋之不畏強禦也。
春秋繁露·玉杯》:《春秋》在而不討賊者,弗擊臣子爾也。
韓詩外傳·卷三》:孔子曰:「不戒成,害也,慢令致期,暴也,不教而誅、賊也。」
大戴禮記》:故君子蒞民,不臨以高,不道以遠,不民之所不能。
白虎通德論·誅伐》:誅猶也。
新書·匈奴》:以臣之愚,匈奴且動,疑將一材而出奇,厚贄以,漢不大興不已,旁午走急,數十萬之眾,積於北方,天下安得食而饋之?
新序·善謀下》:項王頡殺義帝,漢王起蜀漢之兵擊三秦,出關而義帝之處,收天下之兵,立諸侯之後。
中論·虛道》:又安足
孔子家語·相魯》:齊侯歸,其群臣曰:「魯以君子道輔其君,而子獨以夷翟道教寡人,使得罪。」
潛夫論·明闇》:是故聖王小以厲大,賞鄙以招賢,然後良士集于朝,下情達于君也。
論衡·累害》:夫不本累害所從生起,而徒歸於被累害者,智不明,闇塞於理者也。
風俗通義·五伯》:齊桓九合一匡,率成王室,彊楚之罪,復青茅之貢。
孔叢子·廣言》:謪,也。
申鑒·政體》:故在上者審則儀道以定好惡,善惡要於功罪,毀譽效於準驗,聽言事,舉名察實,無或詐偽以蕩眾心。
素書·遵義章》:略己而人者不治。
新語·辨惑》:退而自大夫
蔡中郎集·正交論》:不幸或然,則躬自厚而薄于人,怨其遠矣。
鶡冠子·道端》:故曰:有光卒於美名,不施而,弗受而求親,故曰:有殃卒於不祥。
文子·符言》:老子曰:欲尸名者必生事,事生即舍公而就私,倍道而任己,見譽而為善,立而為賢,即治不順理而事不順時,治不順理則多,事不順時則無功,妄為要中,功成不足以塞,事敗足以滅身。
老子河上公章句》:其舉事好還自,不怨於人也。
韓非子·主道》:故群臣陳其言,君以其言授其事,事以其功。
申不害·大體》:為人君者,操契以其名。
慎子·民雜》:故曰:君人者,好為善以先下,則下不敢與君爭為善以先君矣,皆私其所知以自覆掩,有過,則臣反君,逆亂之道也。
管子·輕重丁》:寡人有鐻枝蘭鼓,其賈中純萬泉也,願以為吾貧萌決其子息之數,使無券契之
尉繚子·武議》:乞人之死不索尊,竭人之力不禮,故古者甲冑之士不拜,示人無已煩也。
九章算術·衰分》:苗主之粟五斗。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:治世之體易守也,其事易為也,其禮易行也,其易償也。
呂氏春秋·壅塞》:寡人豈子之令太子必如寡人也哉?
尹文子·大道上》:天下萬事不可備能,其備能於一人,則賢聖其猶病諸。
鄧析子·無厚》:循名實,君之事也。

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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