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中國哲學書電子化計劃
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說文小篆

金文

楚系簡帛
𢓇
同義字
𢓴
同義字
𨑧
同義字
𨓆
同義字
𨔫
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部首:+ 6筆 = 共10筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁388第40 康熙字典: 頁1256第14 辭海: 卷1頁3144第01 GSR: 第512.a 漢語大字典: 卷6頁3834第04
表面結構:左下:,右上:。 Component of: 𠺙 𢟔 𢱸 𣻇 𣗔 𦄁 𩄮 𩘩 𩘬 𫤈 𠑉 𮪲 𦤮 𨙝 [More]
國語發音:tuì ㄊㄨㄟˋ
粵語發音:teoi3
唐代發音:*tuə̀i
宋本廣韻:廣韻·去聲··退》退:卻也。《說文》作𢓴。他内切,五。
康熙字典:康熙字典·辵部·》退:〔古文〕𨓆𨑧𢓴𢓇𨔫《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤吐內切,推去聲。《玉篇》郤也。《禮·表記》君子三揖而進,一辭而退,以遠亂也。《左傳·僖二十五年》退一舍而原降。又《玉篇》去也。《老子·道德經》功成名遂身退,天之道也。又遜讓也。《禮·曲禮》君子恭敬撙節退讓以明禮。《後漢·鍾皓傳》好學慕古,有退讓風。又進退人才,猶言用舍也。《禮·檀弓》君子進人以禮,退人以禮。又返也。《屈原·離騷》退將復修吾初服。《前漢·董仲舒傳》臨淵羨魚,不如退而結網。臨政願治,不如退而更化。又如柔貌。《禮·檀弓》其中退然如不勝衣。又《正字通》吐困切。與褪同。《王建詩》粉光深紫膩,肉色退紅嬌。《註》淺紅也。又𨓤。
反切:他内 (《廣韻·去聲··退》)
英文翻譯:step back, retreat, withdraw

原典出處

論語·為政》:退而省其私,亦足以發。
He has retired, and I have examined his conduct when away from me, and found him able to illustrate my teachings.
孟子·盡心上》:其進銳者,其退速。
He who advances with precipitation will retire with speed.
禮記·投壺》:已拜,受矢,進即兩楹間,退反位,揖賓就筵。
(The host) having bowed, and received the arrows (for himself), advances to the space between the two pillars. He then retires, and returns to his station, motioning also to the guest to go to his mat (for pitching from).
孝經·事君》:子曰:「君子之事上也,進思盡忠,退思補過,將順其美,匡救其惡,故上下能相親也。」
The Master said, "The superior man serves his ruler in such a way that, when at court in his presence, his thought is how to discharge his loyal duty to the utmost, and when he retires from it, his thought is how to amend his errors. He carries out with deference the measures springing from his excellent qualities and rectifies him (only) to save him from what are evil. Hence, as the superior and inferior, they are able to have an affection for each other."
揚子法言》:曰:「君子以禮動,以義止,合則進,否則退,確乎不憂其不合也。」
Yangzi said: A junzi acts in accord with li and stops in accord with yi. If he conforms to the ruler's opinion he serves in government, otherwise he retires. He stands firm and does not worry that he does not conform.
墨子·尚賢上》:是以國之富貴人聞之,皆退而謀曰:『始我所恃者,富貴也,今上舉義不辟貧賤,然則我不可不為義。』
Upon hearing this, the rich and honoured of the country all began to deliberate, saying: "What I have been depending on was wealth and honour. Now the Lord promotes the righteous without discrimination against the poor and humble. Hence I may not do unrighteousness."
莊子·在宥》:黃帝退,捐天下,築特室,席白茅,閒居三月,復往邀之
Huang-Di withdrew, gave up (his government of) the kingdom, built himself a solitary apartment, spread in it a mat of the white m?o grass, dwelt in it unoccupied for three months, and then went again to seek an interview with (the recluse).
道德經》:功遂身退天之道。
When the work is done, and one's name is becoming distinguished, to withdraw into obscurity is the way of Heaven.
商君書·農戰》:是故進則曲主,退則慮所以實其私,然則下賣權矣。
With the result that at court they deceive their ruler and, retiring from court, they think of nothing but of how to realize their selfish interests and thus sell power to their inferiors.
孫子兵法·謀攻》:不知三軍之不可以退,而謂之退
Or commanding the army to to retreat, being ignorant of the fact that it cannot retreat.
史記·夏本紀》:退而謗予。
And speak evil of me behind my back.
荀子·成相》:退有律,莫得貴賤、孰私王?
說苑·君道》:夫王者得賢材以自輔,然後治也,雖有堯舜之明,而股肱不備,則主恩不流,化澤不行,故明君在上,慎於擇士,務於求賢,設四佐以自輔,有英俊以治官,尊其爵,重其祿,賢者進以顯榮,罷者退而勞力,是以主無遺憂,下無邪慝,百官能治,臣下樂職,恩流群生,潤澤草木,昔者虞舜左禹右皋陶,不下堂而天下治,此使能之效也。
春秋繁露·精華》:又曰:大夫以君命出,進退在大夫也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:容貌態度,進退移步,由禮則夷國。
大戴禮記·主言》:孔子不應,曾子懼,退負序而立。
白虎通德論·》:王者受命,改文從質,無虛退人之義,故上就伯也。
新書·道術》:功遂自卻謂之退,反退為伐。
新序·義勇》:故雖盟,不以父母之死,不如退而自殺,以禮其君。
中論·貴驗》:如追兔,惟恐不逮,故有進業、無退功。
孔子家語·相魯》:孔子歷階而進,以公退
潛夫論·遏利》:昔周厲王好專利,芮良夫諫而不入,退賦《桑柔》之詩以諷,言是大風也,必將有遂。
論衡·氣壽》:求禪得舜,舜徵三十歲在位,堯退而老,八歲而終,至殂落,九十八歲
太玄經·》:測曰,「月闕其博」、明始退也。
風俗通義·葉令祠》:奔山而逝,生烹石乞,迎反惠王,整肅官司,退而老於葉。
孔叢子·廣言》:順,退也。
申鑒·時事》:不求無益之物,不蓄難得之貨,節華麗之飾,退利進之路,則民俗清矣。
新語·道基》:聖人王世,賢者建功,湯舉伊尹,周任呂望,行合天地,德配陰陽,承天誅惡,剋暴除殃,將氣養物,明□設光,耳聽八極,目覩四方,忠進讒退,直立邪亡,道行姦止,不得兩張,□本理,杜漸消萌。
蔡中郎集·曆數議》:上言當用命曆序甲寅元,公卿百寮,參議正處,竟不施行,且三光之行,遲速進退,不必若一,術家以算追而求之,取合于當時而已。
列子·黃帝》:減廚膳,退而間居大庭之館,齋心服形,三月不親政事。
鶡冠子·近迭》:龐子曰:「得奉嚴教,受業有閒矣,退師謀言,弟子愈恐。」
文子·道原》:以亡取存,以卑取尊,以退取先。
文始真經·一宇》:聖人不見己進道,己退道。
老子河上公章句》:功成、名遂、身退,天之道。
韓非子·初見秦》:而謀臣不為,引軍而退,復與荊人為和,令荊人得收亡國,聚散民,立社稷,主置宗廟,令率天下西面以與秦為難,此固以失霸王之道一矣。
慎子·逸文》:堯讓許由,舜讓善卷,皆辭為天子而退為匹夫。
諫逐客書》:今棄擊甕叩缶而就鄭衛,退彈箏而取昭虞,若是者何也?
管子·揆度》:臣之能以車兵進退成功立名者,割壤而封。
吳子·圖國》:若以備進戰退守,而不求能用者,譬猶伏雞之搏狸,乳犬之犯虎,雖有鬥心,隨之死矣。
六韜·守國》:極反其常,莫進而爭,莫退而讓。
司馬法·天子之義》:故在國言文而語溫,在朝恭以遜,修己以待人,不召不至,不問不言,難進易退

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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