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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+964D

說文小篆

金文

甲骨文

楚系簡帛

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異體字

部首:+ 6筆 = 共9筆.
字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁39第35 頁345第32 康熙字典: 頁1349第12 辭海: 卷1頁4212第02 GSR: 第1015.a 漢語大字典: 卷6頁4126第18
表面結構:左:,右:。 具有相關結構: 。 Component of: 𭉓 𡲣 𡹷 𤌅 𤯲 𫁫 𧌰 𩄐
國語發音:jiàng xiáng xiàng ㄐㄧㄤˋ ㄒㄧㄤˊ ㄒㄧㄤˋ
粵語發音:gong3 hong4
唐代發音:gàng hang
說文解字:𨸏部》降:下也。从𨸏夅聲。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·上平聲··》降:降伏。又古巷切。
廣韻·去聲··》降:下也,歸也,落也,又音缸伏也。
康熙字典:康熙字典·阜部·》降:〔古文〕夅《廣韻》下江切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》胡江切,𠀤音缸。《爾雅·釋詁》降,落也。《禮·曲禮》羽鳥曰降。《釋文》降,戸江反。又《爾雅·釋言》降,下也。《·堯典》釐降二女于嬀汭。《禹貢》桑土旣蠶,是降丘宅土。《又》北過降水。《水經注》鄭註尚書,北過降水,云:降,下江反,聲轉爲共。今河內北共山,淇水共水出焉,東至魏郡黎陽,入河,近所謂降水也。周時國於此地者,惡言降,故攺爲共耳。又《玉篇》降,伏也。《春秋·莊八年》師及齊師圍郕,郕降于齊師。又《爾雅·釋天》降婁,奎婁也。《註》奎爲溝瀆,故爲降。《疏》孫炎云:降,下也。《左傳·襄三十年》於是歲在降婁,降婁中而旦。《註》周七月,今五月,降婁中而天明。《釋文》降,戸江反。○按集韻、類篇收入絳韻,作胡降切,非。又《集韻》乎攻切,音䃔。下也。又《屈原·離騷》帝高陽之苗裔兮,朕皇考曰伯庸。攝提貞於孟陬兮,惟庚寅吾以降。《註》降,乎攻反。《班固·北征頌》奉聖皇之明策,奮無前之嚴鋒。採伊吾之城壁,蹈天山而遙降。又《唐韻正》古音洪,凡降下之降,與降服之降,俱讀爲平聲。故自漢以上之文無讀爲去聲者。《·召南》未見君子,憂心忡忡。亦旣見止,亦旣覯止,我心則降。又《大雅》瑟彼玉瓚,黃流在中。豈弟君子,福祿攸降。《又》旣燕于宗,福祿攸降。公尸燕飮,福祿來崇。《左傳·哀二十六年》六卿三族降聽政。《註》降,和同也。和同卽切降字,乃疾言徐言之別耳。《楚辭·九歌》靈皇皇兮旣降,猋遠舉兮雲中。又《天問》皆歸射𥷚而無害厥躬,何后益作革而禹播降。◎按降下之降今讀去聲,相沿已久,然唐韻正歷有明據,應從之。類篇降字無平聲,非。又《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤古巷切,音絳。《玉篇》下也,落也,歸也。《正韻》貶也。〇按降以去聲爲正音,自玉篇始。又叶胡郞切,音杭。《楚辭·九歌》靑雲衣兮白霓裳。舉長矢兮射天狼,操余弧兮反淪降。《東方朔·七諫》忠臣貞而欲諫兮,讒諛毀而在旁。秋草榮其將實兮,微霜下而夜降。又叶胡貢切,鴻去聲。《郭璞·山海經巫咸贊》羣有十巫,巫咸所統。經技是𢯱,術藝是綜。采藥靈山,隨時登降。《北齊·享廟樂章》彝斝應時,龍蒲代用。藉茅无咎,福祿攸降。又叶餘亮切,音漾。《習鑿齒燈詩》煌煌問夜燈,修修樹閒亮。燈隨風煒𤍞,風與燈升降。又叶覃韻。《梁鴻·適吳詩》遊舊邦兮遐征,將遙集兮東南。心惙怛兮傷悴,志菲菲兮升降。欲乗策兮縱邁,疾吾俗兮作讒。○按諸韻書無叶覃韻者,存俟考証。
反切:下江 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 古巷 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 古巷 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
英文翻譯:descend, fall, drop; lower, down

原典出處

論語·鄉黨》:出,一等,逞顏色,怡怡如也。
When he came out from the audience, as soon as he had descended one step, he began to relax his countenance, and had a satisfied look.
孟子·告子下》:故天將大任於是人也,必先苦其心志,勞其筋骨,餓其體膚,空乏其身,行拂亂其所為,所以動心忍性,曾益其所不能。
Thus, when Heaven is about to confer a great office on any man, it first exercises his mind with suffering, and his sinews and bones with toil. It exposes his body to hunger, and subjects him to extreme poverty. It confounds his undertakings. By all these methods it stimulates his mind, hardens his nature, and supplies his incompetencies.
禮記·問喪》:此孝子之志也,人情之實也,禮義之經也,非從天也,非從地出也,人情而已矣。
Such is the mind of the filial son, the real expression of human feeling, the proper method of propriety and righteousness. It does not come down from heaven, it does not come forth from the earth; it is simply the expression of the human feelings.
揚子法言·》:生民,倥侗顓蒙,恣乎情性,聰明不開,訓諸理,譔《學行》。
When Tian gives birth to the masses, they are naive and ignorant. They give free reign to their desires and original natures, and their intelligence is undeveloped. To teach them the proper principles, I have written "Learning and Practice."
墨子·尚賢中》:乃名三后,恤功於民,伯夷典,哲民維刑。
Thereupon three chiefs were commissioned to care for and consolate the people: (1) Bo Yi delivered the laws and statutes and taught therewith the people.
莊子·逍遙遊》:時雨矣,而猶浸灌,其於澤也,不亦勞乎!
When the seasonal rains are coming down, if we still keep watering the ground, will not our toil be labour lost for all the good it will do?
道德經》:天地相合,以甘露,民莫之令而自均。
Heaven and Earth (under its guidance) unite together and send down the sweet dew, which, without the directions of men, reaches equally everywhere as of its own accord.
商君書·定分》:天子名,則主法令之民,皆受命發官。
Whereupon the Son of Heaven would personally preside over the law and promulgate it. All should then issue to their inferiors the mandates they have received.
史記·五帝本紀》:黃帝居于軒轅之丘,而娶于西陵之女,是為嫘祖為黃帝正妃,生二子,其後皆有天下:其一曰玄囂,是為青陽,青陽居江水。
Huangdi lived at Xuanyuan hill, and married a woman of 'Western range' land called Leizu, who was his principal wife, and bore him two sons, both of whose descendants held Imperial sway. The eldest, named Xuanxiao, or Qingyang, dwelt on the Jiang stream.
荀子·大略》:逆女,冰泮殺止,十日一御。
說苑·辨物》:周惠王十五年,有神于莘。
春秋繁露·玉英》:是故星墜謂之隕,螽附謂之雨,其所發之處不同,或於天,或發於地,其辭不可同也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:君人者、禮尊賢而王,重法愛民而霸,好利多詐而危,權謀傾覆而亡。
大戴禮記·夏小正》:燕。
白虎通德論·》:立於阼階南面向,所命北向,央由君右執策命之。
新書·勸學》:今夫子之達,佚乎老聃,而諸子之材,不避榮跦,而無千里之遠,重繭之患,親與巨賢連席而坐,對膝相視,從容談語,無問不應,是天大命以達吾德也。
新序·善謀下》:城即以侯其將,得賜即以予其士,與天下同其利,豪傑賢人,皆樂為其用。
中論·貴驗》:故善釣者不易淵而殉魚,君子不席而追道。
孔子家語·王言解》:故明王之政,猶時雨之至則民說矣。
潛夫論·論榮》:夫令譽從我興,而二命自天之。
論衡·命義》:秦將白起坑趙卒於長平之下,四十萬眾同時皆死。
太玄經·玄測都序》:陽推五福以類升,陰幽六極以類,升相關,大貞乃通。
風俗通義》:元服子夏甫,前後徵命,終不志,亞作者之遺風矣
孔叢子·記義》:孔子適齊,齊景公讓登,夫子一等。
申鑒·政體》:天道在爾,惟帝茂止,陟膚止,萬國康止。
忠經·證應章》:《書》云:「作善之百祥,作不善之百殃。」
新語·道基》:故曰:張日月,列星辰,序四時,調陰陽,布氣治性,次置五行,春生夏長,秋收冬藏,陽生雷電,陰成雪霜,養育群生,一茂一亡,潤之以風雨,曝之以日光,溫之以節氣,之以殞霜,位之以眾星,制之以斗衡,苞之以六合,羅之以紀綱,改之以災變,告之以禎祥,動之以生殺,悟之以文章。
獨斷·卷上》:士一廟,大夫二也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:士一廟,大夫二也。
列子·湯問》:則景風翔,慶雲浮,甘露,澧泉涌。
鶡冠子·近迭》:鶡冠子曰:「行枉則禁,反正則舍,是故不殺人,主道所高,莫貴約束,得地失信,聖王弗據,倍言負約,各將有故。」
文子·道原》:風興雲蒸,雷聲雨,並應無窮,已雕已琢,還復於樸。
文始真經·二柱》:自中而升為天,自中而為地。
列仙傳·師門》:風雨既,肅爾高逝。
老子河上公章句》:天地相合,以甘露,侯王動作能與天相應和,天即下甘露善瑞也。
韓非子·初見秦》:襄主鑽龜筮占兆,以視利害,何國可
諫逐客書》:是以地無四方,民無異國,四時充美,鬼神福,此五帝、三王之所以無敵也。
管子·輕重戊》:因令人閉關不與楚通使,楚王果自得而修穀,穀不可三月而得也,楚糴四百,齊因令人載粟處芊之南,楚人齊者十分之四,三年而楚服
吳子·應變》:其有請,許而安之。
六韜·立將》:兵不接刃,而敵服。
尉繚子·攻權》:敵救未至,而一城已

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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