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中國哲學書電子化計劃

U+9769

說文小篆

金文

楚系簡帛
𠦶
同義字

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字典出處:宋本廣韻: 頁515第18 康熙字典: 頁1385第01 辭海: 卷1頁4661第01 GSR: 第931.a 漢語大字典: 卷7頁4325第01
表面結構:Component of: 𩉛 𪟋 𩉜 𨔷 𩉞 𩉟 𩉠 𡟍 𢃲 𢯹 [More]
國語發音: ㄍㄜˊ ㄐㄧˊ ㄐㄧˇ
粵語發音:gaak3 gaap3 gik1
說文解字:革部》革:獸皮治去其毛,革更之。象古文革之形。凡革之屬皆从革。
宋本廣韻:廣韻·入聲··》革:改也,獸皮也,兵革也,亦姓漢功臣表有煑棗侯革朱。
康熙字典:康熙字典·革部·革部》革:〔古文〕𠦶《唐韻》古覈切《集韻》《韻會》各核切,𠀤音隔。《說文》獸皮治去其毛。革更之。《註》徐鍇曰:皮去其毛,染而瑩之曰革。《韻會》皮熟曰韋,生曰革。呂氏曰:革者,去毛而未爲韋者也。《·禹貢》齒革羽毛。《傳》犀皮。《·召南》羔羊之革。《傳》革,猶皮也。《疏》獸皮治去其毛曰革。對文言之異,散文則皮革通。《周禮·天官》掌皮掌秋斂皮,冬斂革。《疏》革須治用功深,故冬斂之。又《正字通》人與獸皆曰革。《禮·禮運》膚革充盈。《註》革,卽膚內厚皮也。又《禮·明堂位》革車千乗。《註》革車,兵車也。《周禮·夏官·司弓矢》王弓弧弓,以授射甲革椹質者。《註》革,革甲也。又《玉篇》攺也。《易·革卦》天地革而四時成。《·堯典》鳥獸希革。《傳》革,攺也。《疏》毛羽希少攺易。《洪範》金曰從革。《傳》金可以攺更。《管子·山權數》丁氏歸革築室。《註》革,更也。又《爾雅·釋器》轡首謂之革。《·小雅》鞗革冲冲。《傳》鞗,轡也。革,轡首也。《疏》馬轡所靶之外,有餘而垂者,謂之革。又《·小雅》如鳥斯革。《傳》革,翼也。《箋》如鳥夏暑希革張其翼時。《釋文》革,如字。韓詩作勒,云翅也。又軍禮曰兵革。《禮·中庸》袵金革。《註》革,甲冑之屬。又《周禮·春官·大師》皆播之以八音:金、石、土、革、絲、木、匏、竹。《註》革,鼓鼗也。又《揚子·方言》革,老也。南楚江湘之閒代語也。又姓。《廣韻》漢功臣表有煑棗侯革朱。又《集韻》訖力切,音殛。本作䩯。急也。《禮·檀弓》夫子之病革矣。《註》革,急也。《釋文》紀力切。又《集韻》竭億切。音極。義同。《禮·檀弓·釋文》又音極。《集韻》或作亟。
考證:〔《說文》獸皮治去其毛。革更之象。〕謹照原文省象字。
反切:古核 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
英文翻譯:leather, animal hides; rad. 177

原典出處

孟子·公孫丑下》:城非不高也,池非不深也,兵非不堅利也,米粟非不多也。
There is a city, whose walls are distinguished for their height, and whose moats are distinguished for their depth, where the arms of its defenders, offensive and defensive, are distinguished for their strength and sharpness, and the stores of rice and other grain are very large.
禮記·檀弓上》:水兕棺被之,其厚三寸,杝棺一,梓棺二,四者皆周。
The hides of a water-buffalo and a rhinoceros, overlapping each other, (form the first), three inches in thickness. Then there is a coffin of yi wood, and there are two of the Rottlera. The four are all complete enclosures.
揚子法言》:曰:「斷木為棋,捖為鞠,亦皆有法焉。」
Yangzi said: Cutting wood to make chess pieces and scraping hides to make a ball, these kinds of activities all have a model.
墨子·七患》:故凶饑存乎國,人君徹鼎食五分之三1,大夫徹縣,士不入學,君朝之衣不制,諸侯之客,四鄰之使,雍飧2而不盛,徹驂騑,塗不芸,馬不食粟,婢妾不衣帛,此告不足之至也。
Therefore when famine and dearth visit a country, the ruler will omit three from the five items of sacrifice, the officials will suspend the courts, and the scholars will not go to school and the lord will not put on his robe to give audience. Even envoys from other feudal lords and messengers from neighbouring states are entertained with cooked food only, and it is not sumptuous. The side-horses of the carriage-team are done away with and the walks (in the palace) are not weeded. Neither are the horses fed with grains, nor are the concubines and maids clothed with silk. And this is the sign of extreme scarcity.
莊子·徐無鬼》:招世之士興朝,中民之士榮官,筋力之士矜難,勇敢之士奮患,兵之士樂戰,枯槁之士宿名,法律之士廣治,禮教之士敬容,仁義之士貴際。
Those who try to attract the attention of their age (wish to) rise at court; those who try to win the regard of the people count holding office a glory; those who possess muscular strength boast of doing what is difficult; those who are bold and daring exert themselves in times of calamity; those who are able swordmen and spearmen delight in fighting; those whose powers are decayed seek to rest in the name (they have gained); those who are skilled in the laws seek to enlarge the scope of government; those who are proficient in ceremonies and music pay careful attention to their deportment; and those who profess benevolence and righteousness value opportunities (for displaying them).
商君書·靳令》:故法立而不,則顯民變奸計,奸計止,貴齊殊使,百官之尊爵,厚祿以自伐。
Therefore, if the law is fixed and not altered, then...
孫子兵法·作戰》:孫子曰:凡用兵之法,馳車千駟,車千乘,帶甲十萬。
Sunzi said: In the operations of war, where there are in the field a thousand swift chariots, as many heavy chariots, and a hundred thousand mail-clad soldiers.
史記·五帝本紀》:其民因,鳥獸希
When the people are most widely dispersed, birds moult, and beasts change their coats.
荀子·》:無私罪人,憼貳兵。
說苑·雜言》:昔者費仲、惡來、長鼻決耳,崇侯虎順紂之心,欲以合於意,武王伐紂、四子身死牧之野,頭足異所,比干盡忠剖心而死。
春秋繁露·玉杯》:人受命於天,有善善惡惡之性,可養而不可改,可豫而不可去,若形體之可肥,而不可得也。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:直兵推之,曲兵鉤之,嬰不之也。
大戴禮記·主言》:是以兵不動而威,用利不施而親,此之謂『明主之守也,折衝乎千里之外』,此之謂也。
白虎通德論·五行》:金者,少陰,有中和之性,故可曲可直,從
新書·先醒》:於是心易行,衣苴布,食𧰢餕,晝學道而夕講之,二年美聞於宋,宋人車徒迎而復位,卒為賢君,諡為昭公
新序·善謀下》:殷事已畢,偃為軒,倒載干戈,以示天下不復用兵。
中論·曆數》:及夏德之衰,而羲和湎淫,廢時亂日,湯武命,始作曆明時。
孔子家語·王言解》:是故兵不動而威,用利不施而親,此之謂明王之守,折衝千里之外者也。
潛夫論·賢難》:三代之以覆,列國之以滅,後人猶不能,此萬官所以屢失守,而天命數靡常者也。
論衡·命義》:長平之坑,老少並陷,萬數之中,必有長命未當死之人,遭時衰微,兵並起,不得終其壽。
太玄經·太玄攡》:虛形萬物所道之謂道也,因循無天下之理得之謂德也,理生昆群兼愛之謂仁也,列敵度宜之謂義也。
風俗通義·三王》:謹按:《易》稱:「湯、武命。」
孔叢子·雜訓》:殷周之王,征伐命以應乎天,因改正朔,若云天時之改爾,故不相因也。
申鑒·時事》:盤庚遷殷,奢即約,化而裁之,與時消息。
新語·慎微》:若湯、武之君,伊、呂之臣,因天時而行罰,順陰陽而運動,上瞻天文,下察人心,以寡服眾,以弱制強,車三百,甲卒三千,征敵破眾,以報大讎,討逆亂之君,絕煩濁之原,天下和平,家給人足,疋夫行仁,啇賈行信,齊天地,致鬼神,河出圖,洛出書,因是之道,寄之天地之間,豈非古之所謂得道者哉?
蔡中郎集·曆數議》:昔堯命羲和曆象日月星辰,舜叶時月正日,湯武命,治曆明時,可謂正矣。
列子·仲尼》:吾始知《》《》禮樂无救於治亂,而未知所以之之方:此樂天知命者之所憂。
鶡冠子·世兵》:君子不惰,真人不怠,無見久貧賤,則據簡之,伊尹酒保,太公屠牛,管子作,百里奚官奴。
文子·道原》:強則裂,齒堅於舌而先斃,故「柔弱者生之幹也,堅強者死之徒。」
列仙傳·平常生》:止則上山求祠之,但見平衣帔帶。
老子河上公章句》:以道自佐之主,不以兵,順天任德,敵人自服。
韓非子·愛臣》:非傳非遽,載奇兵,罪死不赦。
管子·輕重乙》:桓公曰:「皮、幹、筋、角、竹、箭、羽毛、齒、不足,為此有道乎?」
吳子·圖國》:今君四時使斬離皮,掩以朱漆,畫以丹青,爍以犀象。
六韜·王翼》:奮威四人:主擇材力,論兵,風馳電擊,不知所由。
司馬法·仁本》:以兵服諸侯。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:晉文公合諸侯以車,退行于國以禮義。
呂氏春秋·貴直》:簡子曰:「與吾得車千乘也,不如聞行人燭過之一言。」
春秋左傳》:五年,春,公將如棠觀魚者,臧僖伯諫曰,凡物不足以講大事,其材不足以備器用,則君不舉焉,君將納民於軌物者也,故講事以度軌量謂之軌,取材以章物采謂之物,不軌不物,謂之亂政,亂政亟行,所以敗也,故春蒐,夏苗,秋獮,冬狩,皆於農隙以講事也,三年而治兵,入而振旅,歸而飲至,以數軍實昭文章,明貴賤,辨等列,順少長,習威儀也,鳥獸之肉,不登於俎,皮,齒牙,骨角,毛,羽,不登於器,則公不射,古之制也。
逸周書·周書序》:周將伐商,順天命,申諭武義,以訓乎民,作武順、武穆二篇。
國語·楚語下》:龜珠齒皮羽毛所以備賦,以戒不虞者也。

您可以參考該字詞在本站先秦兩漢漢代之後原典中之出處。


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