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中國哲學書電子化計劃
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儒家 -> 孟子 -> 梁惠王上 -> 7.20

Mencius replied,'
In such a thing as taking the Tai mountain under your arm, and leaping over the north sea with it,
』, if you say to people "I am not able to do it,"
that is a real case of not being able.
In such a matter as breaking off a branch from a tree at the order of a superior,
』, if you say to people "I am not able to do it,"
that is a case of not doing it,
it is not a case of not being able to do it.
Therefore your Majesty's not exercising the royal sway,
is not such a case as that of taking the Tai mountain under your arm, and leaping over the north sea with it.
Your Majesty's not exercising the royal sway
is a case like that of breaking off a branch from a tree.
Treat with the reverence due to age the elders in your own family,
so that the elders in the families of others shall be similarly treated;
treat with the kindness due to youth the young in your own family,
so that the young in the families of others shall be similarly treated
天下- do this, and the kingdom may be made to go round in your palm.
It is said in the Book of Poetry,
"His example affected his wife.
It reached to his brothers,
。』 and his family of the State was governed by it."
The language shows how king Wen simply took his kindly heart, and exercised it towards those parties.
Therefore the carrying out his kindness of heart by a prince will suffice for the love and protection of all within the four seas,
and if he do not carry it out, he will not be able to protect his wife and children.
The way in which the ancients came greatly to surpass other men, was no other but this
- simply that they knew well how to carry out, so as to affect others, what they themselves did.
Now your kindness is sufficient to reach to animals,
and no benefits are extended from it to reach the people.
How is this? Is an exception to be made here?
By weighing,
we know what things are light, and what heavy.
By measuring,
we know what things are long, and what short.
The relations of all things may be thus determined,
and it is of the greatest importance to estimate the motions of the mind.
I beg your Majesty to measure it.
You collect your equipments of war,
endanger your soldiers and officers,
諸侯 and excite the resentment of the other princes
?」- do these things cause you pleasure in your mind?'


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