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中国哲学书电子化计划
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法家 -> 商君书 -> 定分 -> 6

Indeed, subtle and mysterious words, which have to be pondered over,
cause difficulty even to men of superior knowledge.
There may be one case in ten millions, where the directing guidance of the law is not needed and yet it is correct in everything.
圣人天下Therefore, a sage governs the empire for the ten million cases.
For, indeed, one should not make laws so that only the intelligent can understand them,
for the people are not all intelligent;
and one should not make laws so that only the men of talent can understand them,
for the people are not all talented.
圣人Therefore did the sages, in creating laws,
使 make them clear and easy to understand,
and the terminology correct,
so that stupid and wise without exception could understand them;
and by setting up law officers,
and officers presiding over the law,
天下 to be authoritative in the empire,
prevented the people from falling into dangerous pitfalls.
圣人天下 So the fact that when the sages established the empire there were no victims of capital punishment,
was not because capital punishment did not exist,
but because the laws which were applied were clear and easy to understand.
They set up law officers and government officials to be the authority, in order to guide them;
and they knew that if the ten thousands of people all knew what to avoid and what to strive for,
they would avoid misfortune and strive for happiness,
and so restrain themselves.
天下Therefore, an intelligent prince follows the existing conditions of order and so makes the order complete, with the result that the empire will enjoy great order.


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