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中國哲學書電子化計劃
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墨家 -> 墨子 -> 卷一 -> 七患 -> 3

Now, if carrying her child and drawing water from a well,
a woman dropped the child into the well,
she would of course endeavour to get it out.
But famine and dearth
is a much greater calamity than the dropping of a child.
Should there not be also endeavour (to prevent it)?
People are gentle and kind when the year is good,
but selfish and vicious when it is bad.
Yet, how can they be held responsible?
When many produce but few consume then there can be no bad year; on the contrary, when few produce but many consume then there can be no good year.
Thus it is said:
scarcity of supply should stimulate study of the seasons
。」 and want of food demands economy of expenditures.
The ancients produced wealth according to seasons.
They ascertained the source of wealth before they appropriated the products,
and therefore they had plenty.
Could even the ancient sage-kings
使 cause the five grains invariably to ripen and be harvested and the floods and the droughts never to occur?
Yet, none were frozen or starved,
why was it?
It was because they made full use of the seasons and were frugal in their own maintenance.
The history of Xia says
。」that the Deluge lasted seven years in the time of Yu
and the history of Yin tells
。」 that a drought visited Tang for five years.
These are the extremes of disasters.
Yet the people were not frozen or starved.
Why was this so?
The reason lies in diligent production and thrifty consumption.


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